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Through collaborative planning with the SBE and the Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), the Congress identified eight areas in which principals must be skilled. Those areas, later to become standards, were sub-divided into 96 knowledge and ability requirements that would serve as the foundation for revamped instructional leadership programs.

The governor appointed a liaison team to help post-secondary institutions understand what should be accomplished through program redesign and to oversee the process from inception to completion. The SBE offered $50,000 to four institutions that were willing to accelerate their redesign rate and serve as consultants to other colleges engaged in the process.

The College of Education at the USA was chosen as a lead institution by the SBE in 2005 and given 18 months to redesign its educational administration program. A review team from the Alabama State Department of Education (ALSDE) was scheduled to visit the USA campus in the fall of 2006 with authority to recommend program approval to the SBE at its next meeting. The visiting team was comprised of the governor’s liaison for leadership program redesign, a member of the SREB who had held principal and superintendent positions, the state’s Principal of the Year, and the ALSDE’s Director of Certification and Licensure.

Community collaboration

Initial planning at the USA centered on the ways and means of change rather than its end. The Dean of the College of Education encouraged instructional leadership program faculty to form a redesign team comprised of local superintendents and principals to identify specific issues inherent in creating a new program. The team quickly evolved into a Leadership Advisory Council. A Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) between local school districts and the USA that included tasks associated with Planning, Implementing, and Assessing a redesigned program became the Council’s signature work product.

The MOA served several purposes. First, it gave superintendents perspective about the redesign process and its goals. It also empowered local districts to participate in selecting students for the program. Third, the document included a provision for districts to pay for substitute teachers for residents who would complete a full-semester practicum in schools as their capstone experience under the supervision of an effective mentor principal. Identifying effective instructional leaders was a task for each district, but the agreed-upon criterion was that residents should practice leadership with the district’s best administrators, not those who needed extra help in the office.


The process of selecting applicants for the redesigned program was a departure from the USA’s tuition-driven, credit-hour production model. In its heyday during the late-1990s and early years of the 21 st century, more than 300 students had been enrolled in the educational administration program. Many of them, however, sought a Master’s Degree to gain a salary increase and had no intention of becoming school administrators.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Preparing instructional leaders. OpenStax CNX. Jun 13, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11324/1.1
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