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This study was limited by (for) the following factors (reasons):

  • population sample
  • “respondents” who had initially agreed to be interviewed, subsequently withdrew
  • time constraints
  • lack of adequate / sufficient secondary data

Research design and methodology

Burns (1997; 19) describes research as a systematic investigation whereby data are collected, analysed and interpreted in an effort to understand or predict a phenomenon and the research is influenced by the researchers theoretical framework – this theoretical framework is referred to as the paradigm and influences the way in which knowledge is studied and interpreted.

Methodology refers to the rationale and philosophical assumptions that underline a particular study relative to the scientific method used with a view to explaining the researchers’ ontological and epistemological views [Patton (2002; 69)].

I have opted to use a constructivist approach in this study since as Mertens (2005; 12) suggests “reality is socially constructed” and according to Cresswell (2003; 8) constructivist research tends to rely upon participants views of the situation being studied – hence use will be made of qualitative data collection methods and analysis.

The Pinetown Education District was chosen for the following reasons:

  • an abundance of multicultural schools representing all ex-departments of education
  • proximity to the district office – the furthest school interviewed was in a forty kilometre radius of the Pinetown District Office
  • a range of schools ranked in all five funding quintiles implying differing levels of funding
  • schools with differing levels of infrastructure
  • a range of schools from schools producing excellent academic results to schools which have been classified as academically dysfunctional
  • differing levels of school governing body participation (ranging from total apathy to full participation)

The data collection methods included focus group interviews in nine public ordinary schools (both primary and secondary) wherein the following members of the school governing body were interviewed – the principal, a parent and an educator. Interview protocols and field notes were recorded, to include the situation, observations and non-verbal responses, which would assist in the subsequent case analysis. The interviews were completed using a semi-structured interview approach and interviews were tape recorded to assist in and validate the transcription of the interview.

Organisation of the study

The study has been divided into five chapters.

Chapter one introduces the study by focussing on the role function of the school principal and the school governing body in the states attempt to move schools from self-management towards self-reliance, which is also encapsulated in the rationale. The statement of the problem highlights the capacity of the principal and the school governing body to fulfil his/her/their role function. The research’s general and specific aims as well as the significance of the study are listed. The chapter concludes with the design and methodology.

Chapter two provides the theoretical framework for the investigation into the accountability and responsibility for the management of public schools’ finances. It begins with an overview of the Pinetown Education District (from a financial perspective), and then looks at the accounting cycle from policy, funding and budgeting through to recording and reporting.

Chapter three focuses on the research design and methodology wherein the qualitative data collection method is explained and defended – the data required for the investigation will be collected via nine focus group interviews conducted in the Pinetown Education District. A thematic approach will be adopted to analyse and interpret the collected data.

Chapter four focuses on the results of the investigation that is the research findings.

Chapter five focuses on the development of guidelines and strategies and makes recommendations for the efficient, effective and economic management of schools’ finances.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Financial management of schools. OpenStax CNX. Nov 16, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11137/1.1
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