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Natuurwetenskappe

Materie, meting en reaksies

Materie en meting

Opvoeder afdeling

Memorandum

Voorbeelde van fisiese verandering : ‘n pan wat verhit word; tee wat afkoel

Voorbeelde van chemiese verandering: vuurhoutjie wat brand; brood wat rooster

Malvalekkers

  • Ja, dit smaak anders, effens na brand
  • Ja, dit het swart en poeieragtig geword
  • Chemiese verandering : Dit is permanent, die chemiese reaksie het die suiker in koolstof verander.

Leerder afdeling

Inhoud

Aktiwiteit: om fisiese en chemiese veranderinge in stowwe to ondersoek en te kan bespreek [lu 2.3]

Mense gebruik verskillende natuurlike stowwe en verander dit in iets anders. Stowwe word met ander gemeng, verhit, geskei, opgelos of met elektrisiteit behandel ten einde die verandering teweeg te bring. Sommige veranderinge is egter nie blywend nie, maar ander is weer nie omkeerbaar nie. Ons onderskei tussen fisiese en chemiese verandering.

Fisiese Verandering

Wanneer versuikerde heuning in ‘n pot verhit word, raak dit weer vloeibaar. Sodra dit egter weer afkoel en blootgestel word aan lug, versuiker dit weer. Geen nuwe stowwe is gevorm nie, die eienskappe is nog presies dieselfde en ons noem hierdie verandering ‘n fisiese verandering. In die vorige eksperiment het die oranje kwikoksied weer swart geword nadat dit afgekoel het (fisiese verandering).

Chemiese Verandering

Wanneer rou pannekoekdeeg in warm olie gegooi word, gebeur daar iets. Die voorkoms van die deeg verander. Dit is nie meer loperig nie en word hard. Die verandering wat plaasgevind het, is permanent. Veranderings wat permanent is en wat iets nuuts voortbring, word chemiese veranderings genoem. Die nuwe stof se eienskappe verskil van die oorspronklike stof s’n. Die kwikoksied het ook ‘n chemiese verandering ondergaan toe dit ontbind het in kwik en suurstof.

Noem nog twee voorbeelde van fisiese en twee voorbeelde van chemiese veranderinge.

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Probeer die volgende:

Bring malvalekkers skool toe. Sit dit op die punt van ‘n vurk en hou dit oor ‘n vlam. Beantwoord dan die volgende vrae.

  • Het die smaak verander nadat dit verhit is? Wag totdat dit afkoel voordat jy proe.
  • Het die voorkoms verander? Beskryf die verandering.
  • Is dit ‘n chemiese of ‘n fisiese verandering? Motiveer jou bevinding.

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Assessering

Leeruitkomste 2: Die leerder ken, interpreteer en pas wetenskaplike, tegnologiese en omgewingskennis toe.

Assesseringstandaard 2.3: Dit is duidelik wanneer die leerder inligting interpreteer: identifiseer kernidees in die teks, vind patrone in aangetekende data en maak gevolgtrekkings uit inligting in verskeie vorme (prente, diagramme, ens.).

Questions & Answers

what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Natuurwetenskappe graad 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 16, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11078/1.1
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