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'n Paar honderd kilometer verder noordoos lê 'n uitgestrekte landingsterrein van 100 000 vierkante kilometer waar bemande Sojoes-kapsules met valskerms in die woestyn neerplof en dan deur militêre helikopters opgepik word.

Die afgelope tien jaar het die dorp agteruit gegaan, maar sedert 1996 het die invloei van internasionale kapitaal weer lewe gebring. Daar is weer 'n plaaslike koerant en selfs 'n internetkafee.

Dit is hiervandaan wat Mark Shuttleworth en sy twee kollegas op 25 April 2002 vertrek het vir 'n verblyf van 10 dae op die Internasionale Ruimtestasie in die ruimte.

Opdrag 2:

Om as groep te dink en te redeneer

[lu 5.1.2]

Lees die teksgedeelte oor Baikonoer.

  1. Nog steeds 'n groepbespreking:
  1. Hoekom was die Russe so geheimsinnig oor die oprig van Baikonoer?
  2. Hoekom het hulle die dorp juis dààr gebou?
  3. Hoekom was daar 'n sementfabriek?
  4. Hoekom was daar 'n aanloopbaan?
  5. Hoekom was daar luukse blyplekke vir die Russiese elite?
  6. Wat is die Russiese elite?
  7. Hoekom was daar 'n vuurpylbrandstoffabriek?
  8. Wat was Terrein 10?
  9. Hoekom het die Russe die dorp "die poort na die sterre" genoem?
  10. Hoe dink julle is dit om 'n werker in Baikonoer te wees?

Die sojoes-ruimtetuig en -werkesel in ruimte-eeu

Die Sojoes-ruimtetuig is beknop, die uitsig swak, die rit ongemaklik en die ontwerp meer as drie dekades oud.

Tog is dit een van die betroubaarste tuie wat die ruimte-wedloop opgelewer het.

Presies 35 jaar gelede, op 23 April 1967, is Sojoes 1 van Baikonoer gelanseer - van dieselfde blad waar Mark Shuttleworth op Donderdag 25 April 2002 in 'n Sojoes vertrek het.

In die drie dekades sedertdien het dié klein tuig 'n rol gespeel in feitlik elk van die Sowjet-Unie se grootste ruimteprestasies - en ook sy grootste tragedies.

Vandag, honderde vlugte later, is die Sojoes steeds 'n onmisbare deel van die program om die internasionale ruimtestasie (IRS) aan die gang te hou.

Enersyds word die Sojoes as "taxi" gebruik om bemanningslede heen en weer tussen die aarde en die ruimtestasie te vervoer. Andersyds is die Sojoes die IRS se amptelike "reddingsboot".

Daar is deurentyd minstens een Sojoes aan die ruimtestasie gekoppel waarin die drie bemanningslede kan ontsnap as daar fout sou kom. Die Russe se hoofdoel met die sending was om die bestaande Sojoestuig aan die IRS te vervang.

Die binnekant van die Sojoes kan ten beste as "funksioneel" bestempel word. Die drie sitplekke is styf langs mekaar. Tydens Donderdag se lansering het die boord-tegnikus, Roberto Vittori, links gesit, die bevelvoerder, Joeri Gidzenko, in die middel by die beheerpaneel, en Mark Shuttleworth regs.

Tydens die aftelling voor die lansering word die kapsule se vensters deur 'n metaalskede bedek.

Ondanks die Sojoes se 35 jaar diens is dit nooit gebruik vir die doel waarvoor dit oorspronklik ontwerp is nie: 'n bemande vlug na die maan.

Sojoes 1 is op 23 April 1967 gelanseer - met rampspoedige gevolge. Op die vlug het Wladimir Komarof deurgaans gesukkel om die tuig te beheer. Met die terugkeerslag het die Sojoes se valskerm nie behoorlik ontplooi nie. Die tuig het die grond teen 'n hoë snelheid getref en ontplof.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Afrikaans huistaal graad 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 09, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11016/1.1
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