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'n Paar honderd kilometer verder noordoos lê 'n uitgestrekte landingsterrein van 100 000 vierkante kilometer waar bemande Sojoes-kapsules met valskerms in die woestyn neerplof en dan deur militêre helikopters opgepik word.

Die afgelope tien jaar het die dorp agteruit gegaan, maar sedert 1996 het die invloei van internasionale kapitaal weer lewe gebring. Daar is weer 'n plaaslike koerant en selfs 'n internetkafee.

Dit is hiervandaan wat Mark Shuttleworth en sy twee kollegas op 25 April 2002 vertrek het vir 'n verblyf van 10 dae op die Internasionale Ruimtestasie in die ruimte.

Opdrag 2:

Om as groep te dink en te redeneer

[lu 5.1.2]

Lees die teksgedeelte oor Baikonoer.

  1. Nog steeds 'n groepbespreking:
  1. Hoekom was die Russe so geheimsinnig oor die oprig van Baikonoer?
  2. Hoekom het hulle die dorp juis dààr gebou?
  3. Hoekom was daar 'n sementfabriek?
  4. Hoekom was daar 'n aanloopbaan?
  5. Hoekom was daar luukse blyplekke vir die Russiese elite?
  6. Wat is die Russiese elite?
  7. Hoekom was daar 'n vuurpylbrandstoffabriek?
  8. Wat was Terrein 10?
  9. Hoekom het die Russe die dorp "die poort na die sterre" genoem?
  10. Hoe dink julle is dit om 'n werker in Baikonoer te wees?

Die sojoes-ruimtetuig en -werkesel in ruimte-eeu

Die Sojoes-ruimtetuig is beknop, die uitsig swak, die rit ongemaklik en die ontwerp meer as drie dekades oud.

Tog is dit een van die betroubaarste tuie wat die ruimte-wedloop opgelewer het.

Presies 35 jaar gelede, op 23 April 1967, is Sojoes 1 van Baikonoer gelanseer - van dieselfde blad waar Mark Shuttleworth op Donderdag 25 April 2002 in 'n Sojoes vertrek het.

In die drie dekades sedertdien het dié klein tuig 'n rol gespeel in feitlik elk van die Sowjet-Unie se grootste ruimteprestasies - en ook sy grootste tragedies.

Vandag, honderde vlugte later, is die Sojoes steeds 'n onmisbare deel van die program om die internasionale ruimtestasie (IRS) aan die gang te hou.

Enersyds word die Sojoes as "taxi" gebruik om bemanningslede heen en weer tussen die aarde en die ruimtestasie te vervoer. Andersyds is die Sojoes die IRS se amptelike "reddingsboot".

Daar is deurentyd minstens een Sojoes aan die ruimtestasie gekoppel waarin die drie bemanningslede kan ontsnap as daar fout sou kom. Die Russe se hoofdoel met die sending was om die bestaande Sojoestuig aan die IRS te vervang.

Die binnekant van die Sojoes kan ten beste as "funksioneel" bestempel word. Die drie sitplekke is styf langs mekaar. Tydens Donderdag se lansering het die boord-tegnikus, Roberto Vittori, links gesit, die bevelvoerder, Joeri Gidzenko, in die middel by die beheerpaneel, en Mark Shuttleworth regs.

Tydens die aftelling voor die lansering word die kapsule se vensters deur 'n metaalskede bedek.

Ondanks die Sojoes se 35 jaar diens is dit nooit gebruik vir die doel waarvoor dit oorspronklik ontwerp is nie: 'n bemande vlug na die maan.

Sojoes 1 is op 23 April 1967 gelanseer - met rampspoedige gevolge. Op die vlug het Wladimir Komarof deurgaans gesukkel om die tuig te beheer. Met die terugkeerslag het die Sojoes se valskerm nie behoorlik ontplooi nie. Die tuig het die grond teen 'n hoë snelheid getref en ontplof.

Questions & Answers

What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Afrikaans huistaal graad 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 09, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11016/1.1
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