<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Ekonomiese en bestuurswetenskappe

Graad 7

Ekonomiese beleidsrigtings (1910 - 1994)

Module 11

Oorsig van suid-afrika se ekonomie (1910 – 1948)

Na afloop van die Tweede Vryheidsoorlog in 1902 was daar vier onafhanklike Suid-Afrikaanse provinsies: Kaapkolonie, die twee gewese Boererepublieke Transvaal en die Oranje-Vrystaat en Natal. Elkeen het sy eie parlement gehad. Hulle het in 1910 verenig as die Unie van Suid-Afrika.

a) Die bewind van die twee generaals - Botha en Smuts 1910 tot 1924

Toe die Unie van Suid-Afrika in 1910 tot stand gekom het, het die drie belangrike partye saamgesmelt en die Suid-Afrikaanse Nasionale Party gestig. Genl. Louis Botha was die eerste minister. Die opposisiepartye het die Unioniste Party gevorm. Beide partye het dit ten doel gehad om die blanke Afrikaans- en Engelssprekendes te verenig en in een Suid-Afrikaanse nasie te laat saamsmelt.

Botha se strewe was om die Engels- en Afrikaanssprekendes te verenig. Hy het dit sy lewenstaak gemaak om die kloof tussen die twee groepe te oorbrug.

Hertzog was ‘n kampvegter vir die Afrikaner se belange.

Die voortdurende wrywing tussen Botha en Hertzog het daartoe gelei dat Hertzog sy eie party, die Nasionale Party gestig het.

b) Wie het die stemreg besit?

Enige manlike burger wat ‘n Britse onderdaan was, was stemgeregtig indien hy:

  • Sy naam, adres en beroep kon skryf.
  • Jaarliks £50 in lone verdien het, of ‘n eiendom met ‘n waarde van £75 of meer bewoon het.

Hierdie kwalifikasies het die meeste swart mans uitgeskakel al het hulle stamgrond bewoon.

Aktiwiteit 1:

Om vas te stel watter persentasie van elke bevolkingsgroep van die land se bevolking uitgemaak het

[lu 2,1]

In 1910 was die bevolkingsamestelling in die Unie van Suid-Afrika soos volg:

  • Blankes – 1 278 000
  • Kleurlinge – 517 000
  • Swartmense – 3 956 000
  • Asiërs – 148 000

Watter persentasie was elke bevolkingsgroep van die totale bevolking? Vul die persentasie langs elke bevolkingsgroep in.

Aktiwiteit 2:

Om vas te stel watter persentasie van die mans van elke bevolkingsgroep stemgeregtig was

[lu 2.1]

Watter persentasie van die mans van elke bevolkingsgroep was stemgeregtig? Vul die persentasie langs elke bevolkingsgroep in.

  • Blanke mans – 497 700
  • Kleurling mans – 46 200
  • Swart mans – 76 000

c) Wet op Naturellegrond (Wet op Grondbesit) 1913

Die belangrikste wet wat in hierdie tyd gemaak is, was die Naturellen Grond Wet wat in Junie 1913 op die wetboek geplaas is. Hierdie wet het aan swart mense hul eie grondgebied toegeken (reservate) en ‘n verbod op die verkoop van blanke grondgebied aan swartes en swart grondgebied aan blankes, geplaas.

Hierdie wet was die gevolg van mense se vrese en bekommernisse oor swart mense wat blanke gebiede binnegedring het. Die groot meerderheid van hierdie swartes was plakkers wat hulle op privaat- en staatsgrond gevestig het.

Dit was die eerste wet in die Unie van Suid-Afrika wat gebiedskeiding tot gevolg gehad het.

d) Die totstandkoming van die ANC

Die South African Native National Congress , die latere African National Congress (ANC), het daarop aangedring dat die wet herroep word. In Februarie 1914 het hulle ‘n afvaardiging na Londen gestuur om by die Britse regering aan te dring dat die wet ongeldig verklaar word, maar sonder sukses want die Britse regering was nie bereid om in Suid-Afrikaanse aangeleenthede betrokke te raak nie.

Questions & Answers

What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Ekonomiese en bestuurswetenskappe graad 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 09, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11024/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Ekonomiese en bestuurswetenskappe graad 7' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask