# 1.27 Itse1359-1090-lists part 2  (Page 3/4)

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Figure 2 . Program output from replacing an element with a list.
```Create and print a list [100, 200, 300, 400, 500]Original length is: 5Replace an element Print the modified list[100, 200, [2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64], 400, 500]Modified length is: 5```

## One element is itself a list

As you can see from Figure 2 , the result is that one of the elements in the original five-element list is replaced by a new list containing six elements. However,the length of the list is unchanged.

Again, it is important to note that this results in one list being nested inside of another list.

## A visualization

The code visualization shown in Figure 3 summarizes the concepts that were explainedin the previous two sections. This image was produced by entering the five statements shown in the code visualizer's code window and stepping through all five instructions.

Figure 3. Visualization.

I recommend that you use the code visualizer to step through this code and observe the state of the program in memory as eachinstruction is executed. Try to correlate the behavior of this program with what you learned in the sections above titled Replacing a slice and Replacing an element with a list .

## Extracting elements from a nested list

Now I am going to illustrate the syntax for extracting elements from a nested list using pairs of matching square brackets . Listing 3 is an expansion of Listing 2 .

Listing 3 . Extracting elements from a nested list.
```# Illustrates extracting a # list element and extracting# elements from a nested list ##------------------------------- print("Create and print a list")listA = [100,200,300,400,500] print(listA)print("Original length is:") print(len(listA))print("Replace an element") listA[2]= [2,4,8,16,32,64] print("Print the modified list")print(listA) print("Modified length is:")print(len(listA)) print("Extract and display each")print(" element in the list") print(listA[0]) print(listA[1]) print(listA[2]) print(listA[3]) print(listA[4]) print("Extract and display each")print(" element in nested list") print(listA[2][0])print(listA[2][1]) print(listA[2][2])print(listA[2][3]) print(listA[2][4])print(listA[2][5])```

## Display the nested list combination

After nesting a list as element 2 in another list, the program displays the value of each of the elements of the original list. When element 2 is displayed,it can be seen to be another list.

## Double-square-bracket notation

Then the program uses double-square-bracket notation (listA[2][4]) to extract and display each of the elements in the nested inner list that comprises element 2 of the outer list.

## Program output from extracting elements from a nested list

The output from this program is shown in Figure 4 .

Figure 4 . Program output from extracting elements from a nested list.
```Create and print a list [100, 200, 300, 400, 500]Original length is: 5Replace an element Print the modified list[100, 200, [2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64], 400, 500]Modified length is: 5Extract and display each element in the list100 200[2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64] 400500 Extract and display eachelement in nested list 24 816 3264```

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
what about nanotechnology for water purification
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
why?
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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