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Ekonomiese en bestuurswetenskappe

Graad 7

Ekonomiese beleidsrigtings (1910 - 1994)

Module 11

Oorsig van suid-afrika se ekonomie (1910 – 1948)

Na afloop van die Tweede Vryheidsoorlog in 1902 was daar vier onafhanklike Suid-Afrikaanse provinsies: Kaapkolonie, die twee gewese Boererepublieke Transvaal en die Oranje-Vrystaat en Natal. Elkeen het sy eie parlement gehad. Hulle het in 1910 verenig as die Unie van Suid-Afrika.

a) Die bewind van die twee generaals - Botha en Smuts 1910 tot 1924

Toe die Unie van Suid-Afrika in 1910 tot stand gekom het, het die drie belangrike partye saamgesmelt en die Suid-Afrikaanse Nasionale Party gestig. Genl. Louis Botha was die eerste minister. Die opposisiepartye het die Unioniste Party gevorm. Beide partye het dit ten doel gehad om die blanke Afrikaans- en Engelssprekendes te verenig en in een Suid-Afrikaanse nasie te laat saamsmelt.

Botha se strewe was om die Engels- en Afrikaanssprekendes te verenig. Hy het dit sy lewenstaak gemaak om die kloof tussen die twee groepe te oorbrug.

Hertzog was ‘n kampvegter vir die Afrikaner se belange.

Die voortdurende wrywing tussen Botha en Hertzog het daartoe gelei dat Hertzog sy eie party, die Nasionale Party gestig het.

b) Wie het die stemreg besit?

Enige manlike burger wat ‘n Britse onderdaan was, was stemgeregtig indien hy:

  • Sy naam, adres en beroep kon skryf.
  • Jaarliks £50 in lone verdien het, of ‘n eiendom met ‘n waarde van £75 of meer bewoon het.

Hierdie kwalifikasies het die meeste swart mans uitgeskakel al het hulle stamgrond bewoon.

Aktiwiteit 1:

Om vas te stel watter persentasie van elke bevolkingsgroep van die land se bevolking uitgemaak het

[lu 2,1]

In 1910 was die bevolkingsamestelling in die Unie van Suid-Afrika soos volg:

  • Blankes – 1 278 000
  • Kleurlinge – 517 000
  • Swartmense – 3 956 000
  • Asiërs – 148 000

Watter persentasie was elke bevolkingsgroep van die totale bevolking? Vul die persentasie langs elke bevolkingsgroep in.

Aktiwiteit 2:

Om vas te stel watter persentasie van die mans van elke bevolkingsgroep stemgeregtig was

[lu 2.1]

Watter persentasie van die mans van elke bevolkingsgroep was stemgeregtig? Vul die persentasie langs elke bevolkingsgroep in.

  • Blanke mans – 497 700
  • Kleurling mans – 46 200
  • Swart mans – 76 000

c) Wet op Naturellegrond (Wet op Grondbesit) 1913

Die belangrikste wet wat in hierdie tyd gemaak is, was die Naturellen Grond Wet wat in Junie 1913 op die wetboek geplaas is. Hierdie wet het aan swart mense hul eie grondgebied toegeken (reservate) en ‘n verbod op die verkoop van blanke grondgebied aan swartes en swart grondgebied aan blankes, geplaas.

Hierdie wet was die gevolg van mense se vrese en bekommernisse oor swart mense wat blanke gebiede binnegedring het. Die groot meerderheid van hierdie swartes was plakkers wat hulle op privaat- en staatsgrond gevestig het.

Dit was die eerste wet in die Unie van Suid-Afrika wat gebiedskeiding tot gevolg gehad het.

d) Die totstandkoming van die ANC

Die South African Native National Congress , die latere African National Congress (ANC), het daarop aangedring dat die wet herroep word. In Februarie 1914 het hulle ‘n afvaardiging na Londen gestuur om by die Britse regering aan te dring dat die wet ongeldig verklaar word, maar sonder sukses want die Britse regering was nie bereid om in Suid-Afrikaanse aangeleenthede betrokke te raak nie.

Questions & Answers

what is the coefficient of -4×
Mehri Reply
the operation * is x * y =x + y/ 1+(x × y) show if the operation is commutative if x × y is not equal to -1
Alfred Reply
An investment account was opened with an initial deposit of $9,600 and earns 7.4% interest, compounded continuously. How much will the account be worth after 15 years?
Kala Reply
lim x to infinity e^1-e^-1/log(1+x)
given eccentricity and a point find the equiation
Moses Reply
12, 17, 22.... 25th term
Alexandra Reply
12, 17, 22.... 25th term
College algebra is really hard?
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I'm 13 and I understand it great
I am 1 year old but I can do it! 1+1=2 proof very hard for me though.
Not really they are just easy concepts which can be understood if you have great basics. I am 14 I understood them easily.
find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
I know this work
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
If f(x) = x-2 then, f(3) when 5f(x+1) 5((3-2)+1) 5(1+1) 5(2) 10
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
make 5/4 into a mixed number, make that a decimal, and then multiply 32 by the decimal 5/4 turns out to be
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
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I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
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Commplementary angles
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what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
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Abdirahman Reply
A soccer field is a rectangle 130 meters wide and 110 meters long. The coach asks players to run from one corner to the other corner diagonally across. What is that distance, to the nearest tenths place.
Kimberly Reply
Jeannette has $5 and $10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
August Reply
What is the expressiin for seven less than four times the number of nickels
Leonardo Reply
How do i figure this problem out.
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
I think if critical temperature denote high temperature then a liquid stats boils that time the water stats to evaporate so some moles of h2o to up and due to high temp the bonding break they have low density so it can be a reason
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Ekonomiese en bestuurswetenskappe graad 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 09, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11024/1.1
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