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Lewensoriëntering

Graad 4

Fisiese ontwikkeling en beweging

Module 17

Veiligheid in en by die water

Waterveiligheid

Groepsaktiwiteit 1

Om kennis te neem van die inhoud van ‘n koerantberig [lu 4.5]

Lees die volgende uittreksel uit die KleinBurger van 26 Augustus 2002:

Voorkom ongelukke tuis

Ongelukke waarby kinders soos julle betrokke is, gebeur net ver van die huis ………………. verkeerd.

Omtrent 75% van die ongelukke wat julle moontlik kan oorkom, gebeur om en in die huis. Ongeveer tien kinders jonger as 15 sterf daagliks as gevolg van motorongelukke, verdrinking, vergiftiging, brandwonde en geweld.

Jammer vir die aaklige nuus. Maar hoe anders kan julle bewus word van die feite? CAPFSA (Child Accident Prevention Foundation) staan jaarliks ‘n week af om hierdie skokfeite aan die publiek bekend te maak sodat almal kan probeer om hierdie onaanvaarbaar hoë voorkoms van ongelukke en sterftes te voorkom.

Jul veiligheid het niks met geluk te doen nie. Daar is sekere reëls wat julle en jul ouers ernstig moet opneem en kan volg.

Dalk moet jy soms jou jonger boeties of sussies oppas wanneer jou ouers uitgaan. Die inligting en wenke wat deur Nelmarie du Toit by CAPFSA aan KleinBurger gegee is, geld vir jou eie en die veiligheid van ander wat jy soms moet oppas. Plak dit gerus teen jou kasdeur.

Verdrinking

Vind meestal plaas in riviere, dan in damme en dan in swembaddens. Klein kinders moet nooit alleen in die bad gelaat word nie. Emmers water wat rondstaan, wag vir ‘n kind om te verdrink.

Brandwonde

Die Rooi Kruis-kinderhospitaal behandel jaarliks ongeveer 900 kinders vir brandwonde wat eintlik NIE MOES GEBEUR HET NIE.

Warm vloeistowwe soos water, koffie, olie, tee en ander kossoorte veroorsaak meeste brandwonde.

Tap altyd eerste die koue en dan die warm water in die bad.

Onthou: vuurhoutjies, aanstekers en vuur is nie speelgoed nie!

As jou klere aan die brand raak, moet jy stilstaan, val en rol om die vlamme te blus.

Indien jy ‘n brandwond opgedoen het, kan jy dit 15 minute lank met koue water verkoel.

Vergiftiging

Die hoofoorsaak van vergiftiging is medisyne, paraffien en ander skoonmaakmiddels wat op plekke gebêre word waar julle maklik kan rondsnuffel. (Dus, kinders se stoutigheid moet ophou, want Klein Burger is seker Ma het al dikwels gesê julle mag nie in hierdie of daardie kas krap nie!)

Met klein kinders in die huis moet ‘n mens altyd ekstra versigtig wees; hulle draai enige bottel oop.

Gifstowwe moet nooit saam met kos in dieselfde kas gebêre word nie.

Val

Meer as 40% van alle beserings wat by die Rooi Kruis-Kinderhospitaal behandel word, is as gevolg van val ­ val uit bome, babas wat op hoë plekke alleen gelaat word en dan afval, en kinders wat van apparaat op die speelterrein afval.

As julle nog meer oor veiligheid vir kinders wil lees, kan julle die webtuiste van CAPFSA besoek by : www.altonsa.co.za/childsafe.

Groepaktiwiteit 2

Om as ‘n groep oor veiligheidsmaatreëls in water te gesels

[lu 4.5]

Bespreek in gonsgroepe die gevare wat water vir kinders kan inhou.

Maak nou ‘n lys van 10 reëls vir die voorkoming van waterongelukke .

Ruil die idees van die verskillende groepe onder mekaar uit.

Die klas kan dan saam die 10 beste reëls op ‘n plakkaat uitskryf en teen die klaskamermuur opsit.

Assessering

LEERUITKOMS 4: LIGGAAMLIKE ONTWIKKELING EN BEWEGING

Die leerder is in staat om begrip te toon vir en deel te neem aan aktiwiteite wat beweging en liggaamlike ontwikkeling bevorder.

Assesseringstandaard

Dit is duidelik wanneer die leerder

4.5 gevare en verantwoordelike veiligheidsmaatreëls in en naby water identifiseer.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Lewensorientering graad 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11095/1.1
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