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Sosiale wetenskappe: aardrykskunde

Graad 9

Volhoubare gebruik van hulpbronne

Module 6

Die beginsels van agenda 21

AGENDA 21

1. Die beginsels van Agenda 21

Aktiwiteit 1:

Om die belang van hulpbronne , die volhoubare benutting daarvan en ons almal se verantwoordelikheid in dié verband, te ondersoek

[lu 1.3]

Lees die volgende stukke oor Agenda 21 en beantwoord dan die vrae.

Agenda 21 Wêreldwyd en die Plaaslike Agenda 21

Agenda 21 is ‘n wêreldwye aksieplan vir ontwikkeling wat sosiaal, ekonomies en omgewingsgewys volhoubaar is. Die term “volhoubaar” beteken dat ontwikkeling volgehou of voortgesit kan word sonder om die aarde se natuurlike bronne daardeur uit te put. Hierdie aksieplan is in 1992 aanvaar by die Verenigde Nasies se konferensie oor die Omgewing en Ontwikkeling wat in Rio de Janeiro plaasgevind het. Probeer hierdie stad op ‘n wêreldkaart vind, en onthou in watter staat en op watter vasteland dit geleë is. Die doel van Agenda 21 is om beginsels en programme op te stel vir ‘n beter balans tussen ontwikkeling en die aarde se natuurlike hulpbronne . Alle ontwikkeling is daarvan afhanklik. Die konferensie het voorgestel dat die beginsels van Agenda 21 wêreldwyd op plaaslike vlak toegepas word. Hierdie praktiese implementerings-program staan bekend as Plaaslike Agenda 21 .

Die Plaaslike Agenda 21- Mandaat

Teen 1996, behoort die meeste plaaslike owerhede in elke land ‘n konsultatiewe proses met hul bevolkings te voltooi, en konsensus oor ‘n plaaslike Agenda 21 vir die gemeenskap bereik het.

Plaaslike Agenda 21 in Suid-Afrika

Kry eers duidelikheid oor die term “plaaslik”. As deel van ons eie heropbou- en ontwikkelingsprogram het die drie grootste stede in Suid-Afrika (Johannesburg, Kaapstad en Durban) almal in 1994/95 in ooreenstemming met die Plaaslike Agenda 21 -mandaat, hul eie Plaaslike Agenda 21 -programme begin. Hierdie vroeë programme het ‘n wye reeks aktiwiteite dwarsoor die land aan die gang gesit, sodat ander dorpe en stede soos Kimberley, Port Elizabeth, Oos-Londen, Pretoria en Pietermaritzburg, ook hul eie Plaaslike Agenda 21 -programme begin het. Op provinsiale vlak het provinsies soos KwaZulu-Natal en Limpopo veldtogte geloods om te verseker dat plaaslike owerhede op groot skaal betrokke raak by die Plaaslike Agenda 21 - planne. In 1998 is ‘n Nasionale Plaaslike Agenda 21 deur die Departement van Omgewingsake en Toerisme geloods om aktiwiteite oor die hele land te ondersteun, te koördineer en in een groot netwerk saam te snoer.

Beginsels vir Plaaslike Agenda 21 in Suid-Afrika

► Mensgesentreerde ontwikkeling. (Fokus op opleiding en bemagtiging van mense, soos...?)

► Voorsiening in basiese behoeftes (verskaf geriewe en dienste wat mense die heel nodigste het, soos...?)

► Geïntegreerde beplanning en ontwikkeling i.p.v. van ‘n sektor-gebaseerde benadering. (Die hele gebied en sy mense word saam ontwikkel, nie net sekere aspekte nie, bv....?)

► Volhoubare ontwikkeling. (Die omgewing en bronne word nie benadeel deur langdurige ontwikkeling nie

Plaaslike Agenda 21 in Durban

Durban se Plaaslike Agenda 21 (LA21) -program is met die aanstelling van die stad se eerste Omgewingsbestuurder in 1994 van stapel gestuur. ‘n Spesiale afdeling is in 1995 vir dié doel gestig.

Questions & Answers

I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
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Brian Reply
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Rafiq
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Damian
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LITNING Reply
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LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
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Santosh
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Rafiq
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Mahi
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Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
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Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
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How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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Source:  OpenStax, Aardrykskunde graad 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11054/1.1
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