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A regression was run to determine whether there is a relationship between the diameter of a tree ( x , in inches) and the tree’s age ( y , in years). The results of the regression are given below. Use this to predict the age of a tree with diameter 10 inches.

y = a x + b a = 6.301 b = −1.044   r = −0.970

61.966 years

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For the following exercises, draw a scatter plot for the data provided. Does the data appear to be linearly related?

0 2 4 6 8 10
–22 –19 –15 –11 –6 –2
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1 2 3 4 5 6
46 50 59 75 100 136
Scatter plot with a collection of points appearing at (1,46); (2,50); (3,59); (4,75); (5, 100); and (6,136); they do not appear linear

No.

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100 250 300 450 600 750
12 12.6 13.1 14 14.5 15.2
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1 3 5 7 9 11
1 9 28 65 125 216
Scatterplot with a collection of points at (1,1); (3,9); (5,28); (7,65); (9,125); and (11,216); they do not appear linear

No.

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For the following data, draw a scatter plot. If we wanted to know when the population would reach 15,000, would the answer involve interpolation or extrapolation? Eyeball the line, and estimate the answer.

Year Population
1990 11,500
1995 12,100
2000 12,700
2005 13,000
2010 13,750
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For the following data, draw a scatter plot. If we wanted to know when the temperature would reach 28°F, would the answer involve interpolation or extrapolation? Eyeball the line and estimate the answer.

Temperature,°F 16 18 20 25 30
Time, seconds 46 50 54 55 62
Scatterplot with a collection of points at (16,46); (18,50); (20,54); (25,55); and (30,62); they appear nonlinear

Interpolation. About 60 ° F .

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Graphical

For the following exercises, match each scatterplot with one of the four specified correlations in [link] and [link] .

Side-by-side scatter plots.  The first is a scattered correlation in the positive direction.  The second is a scattered correlation in the negative direction
Side-by-side scatter plots.  The first has a strong negative correlation with all the points spaced out evenly near the top and center, but more spread out near the bottom.  The second has a strong positive correlation, with the points more spread out near the bottom and closer together near the center and top.

r = −0. 89

This value of r indicates a strong negative correlation or slope, so C

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r = −0.39

This value of r indicates a weak negative correlation, so B

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For the following exercises, draw a best-fit line for the plotted data.

Numeric

The U.S. Census tracks the percentage of persons 25 years or older who are college graduates. That data for several years is given in [link] . Based on data from http://www.census.gov/hhes/socdemo/education/data/cps/historical/index.html. Accessed 5/1/2014. Determine whether the trend appears linear. If so, and assuming the trend continues, in what year will the percentage exceed 35%?

Year Percent Graduates
1990 21.3
1992 21.4
1994 22.2
1996 23.6
1998 24.4
2000 25.6
2002 26.7
2004 27.7
2006 28
2008 29.4
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The U.S. import of wine (in hectoliters) for several years is given in [link] . Determine whether the trend appears linear. If so, and assuming the trend continues, in what year will imports exceed 12,000 hectoliters?

Year Imports
1992 2665
1994 2688
1996 3565
1998 4129
2000 4584
2002 5655
2004 6549
2006 7950
2008 8487
2009 9462

Yes, trend appears linear because r = 0. 985 and will exceed 12,000 near midyear, 2016, 24.6 years since 1992.

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[link] shows the year and the number of people unemployed in a particular city for several years. Determine whether the trend appears linear. If so, and assuming the trend continues, in what year will the number of unemployed reach 5?

Year Number Unemployed
1990 750
1992 670
1994 650
1996 605
1998 550
2000 510
2002 460
2004 420
2006 380
2008 320
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Technology

For the following exercises, use each set of data to calculate the regression line using a calculator or other technology tool, and determine the correlation coefficient to 3 decimal places of accuracy.

x 8 15 26 31 56
y 23 41 53 72 103

y = 1 . 64 0 x + 13 . 8 00 , r = 0. 987

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x 5 7 10 12 15
y 4 12 17 22 24
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x y x y
3 21.9 10 18.54
4 22.22 11 15.76
5 22.74 12 13.68
6 22.26 13 14.1
7 20.78 14 14.02
8 17.6 15 11.94
9 16.52 16 12.76

y = 0.962 x + 26.86 ,       r = 0.965

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Questions & Answers

what are you up to?
Mark Reply
nothing up todat yet
Miranda
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Miranda Drice
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jai
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Miranda
I am living in india
jai
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Miranda
what is the formula for calculating algebraic
Propessor Reply
I think the formula for calculating algebraic is the statement of the equality of two expression stimulate by a set of addition, multiplication, soustraction, division, raising to a power and extraction of Root. U believe by having those in the equation you will be in measure to calculate it
Miranda
state and prove Cayley hamilton therom
sita Reply
hello
Propessor
hi
Miranda
the Cayley hamilton Theorem state if A is a square matrix and if f(x) is its characterics polynomial then f(x)=0 in another ways evey square matrix is a root of its chatacteristics polynomial.
Miranda
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jai
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jai
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Propessor
welcome
jai
What is algebra
Pearl Reply
algebra is a branch of the mathematics to calculate expressions follow.
Miranda
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Jeffrey
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Jeffrey
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Miranda
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Jeffrey
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Miranda
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Miranda
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Jeffrey
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Jeffrey
I'm going to 11grade
Miranda
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Miranda
gotta practice, holmie
Steve
if you never use it you won't be able to appreciate it
Steve
I don't know why. But Im trying to like it.
Jeffrey
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Jeffrey
so you better
Miranda
what is the solution of the given equation?
Nelson Reply
which equation
Miranda
I dont know. lol
Jeffrey
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Miranda
ask nelson. lol
Jeffrey
answer and questions in exercise 11.2 sums
Yp Reply
how do u calculate inequality of irrational number?
Alaba
give me an example
Chris
and I will walk you through it
Chris
cos (-z)= cos z .
Swadesh
what is a algebra
Jallah Reply
(x+x)3=?
Narad
6x
Obed
what is the identity of 1-cos²5x equal to?
liyemaikhaya Reply
__john __05
Kishu
Hi
Abdel
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Nokwanda
C'est comment
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SORIE
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Yaona
lol nahhh none of us here are stupid it's just that we have Fast, Medium, and slow learner bro but we all going to work things out together
SORIE
it's 12
what is the function of sine with respect of cosine , graphically
Karl Reply
tangent bruh
Steve
cosx.cos2x.cos4x.cos8x
Aashish Reply
sinx sin2x is linearly dependent
cr Reply
what is a reciprocal
Ajibola Reply
The reciprocal of a number is 1 divided by a number. eg the reciprocal of 10 is 1/10 which is 0.1
Shemmy
 Reciprocal is a pair of numbers that, when multiplied together, equal to 1. Example; the reciprocal of 3 is ⅓, because 3 multiplied by ⅓ is equal to 1
Jeza
each term in a sequence below is five times the previous term what is the eighth term in the sequence
Funmilola Reply
I don't understand how radicals works pls
Kenny Reply
How look for the general solution of a trig function
collins Reply
Practice Key Terms 5

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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