# 4.1 Java1482-spectrum analysis using java, sampling frequency,  (Page 17/24)

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## The remainder of the method and the class

The nested for loops discussed above are included in the code shown in Listing 15 . As suggested above, the outer loop iterates on frequency while the inner loop iterates on the values that make up the incoming samples. The code inthe inner loop computes the sum of the product of the time series and the reference cosine and sine functions.

Listing 15. The remainder of the method and the class.
```//Outer loop iterates on frequency // values.for(int i=0; i<dataLen;i++){ double freq = lowF + i*delF;double real = 0.0; double imag = 0.0;double ang = 0.0; //Inner loop iterates on time-// series points. for(int j=0; j<dataLen; j++){ real += data[j]*Math.cos( 2*pi*freq*(j-zero));imag += data[j]*Math.sin(2*pi*freq*(j-zero)); }//end inner looprealOut[i]= real/dataLen; imagOut[i]= imag/dataLen; magnitude[i]= (Math.sqrt( real*real + imag*imag))/dataLen;//Calculate and return the phase // angle in degrees.if(imag == 0.0&&real == 0.0){ang = 0.0;} else{ang = Math.atan(imag/real)*180.0/pi;}if(real<0.0&&imag == 0.0){ang = 180.0;} else if(real<0.0&&imag == -0.0){ ang = -180.0;}else if(real<0.0&&imag>0.0){ ang += 180.0;}else if(real<0.0&&imag<0.0){ ang += -180.0;}angleOut[i] = ang;}//end outer loop }//end transform method}//end class ForwardRealToComplex01```

## Store results in output array objects

At the end of each iteration of the inner loop, code in the outer loop deposits the real, imaginary, magnitude, and phase angle results in the outputarray objects. To accomplish this, the code:

• Computes the magnitude or amplitude as the square root of the sum of the squares of the real and imaginary parts.
• Performs some trigonometry operations to determine the phase angle in degrees based on the values of the real and imaginary parts.

## Now you know about the dft algorithm

Now you know about the DFT algorithm. You also know about some of the fundamental aspects of spectral analysis involving the sampling frequency andthe folding frequency.

Future modules will discuss other aspects of spectral analysis including:

• Frequency resolution versus data length.
• The relationship between the phase angle and delays in the time domain.
• The reversible nature of the Fourier transform involving both forward and inverse Fourier transforms.

## Spectral analysis using an FFT algorithm

At this point, I will present a similar spectral analysis program that uses an FFT algorithm. I will present this program with very little discussion. I amproviding it in this module for two primary purposes:

• To allow you to experiment and appreciate the flexibility of the DFT as compared to the FFT.
• To allow you to experiment and appreciate the speed of the FFT as compared to the DFT.

## The program named Dsp030

The program named Dsp030 is very similar to Dsp028 . The major differences are:

are nano particles real
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
no can't
Lohitha
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
what about nanotechnology for water purification
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
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