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In order to gain a better understanding of many biological processes, it is often necessary to implement a theoretical model of a neuronal network. In the paper Rate Models for Conductance-Based Cortical Neuronal Networks , Shriki et al. present a conductance-based model for simulating the dynamics of a neuronal network [link] . The work done in this module is an implementation of their model. In his module Dynamics of the Firing Rate of Single Compartmental Cells , Yangluo Wang shows how to model the dynamics of an isolated cell using the Hodgkin and Huxley model. We will build on the work presented by Wang to model the dynamics of cells within a neuronal network driven by some external current. We then apply this model to a network of cells within a hypercolumn in primary visual cortex.
The dynamics of cell $i$ within a network of $N$ neurons are given by
where the parameters for cell $i$ are defined according to the following table:
${C}_{m}$ | membrane capacitance |
${V}_{i}$ | membrane potential |
${I}_{i}^{leak}$ | leak current |
${I}_{i}^{active}$ | active ionic current |
${I}_{i}^{ext}$ | externally applied current |
${I}_{i}^{net}$ | network current |
The model of a cell within a network is very similar to the model of an isolated cell,
where
The leak current and active current for a cell within a network is defined exactly as it is for an isolated cell. For details on these two currents, see Yungluo Wang's module Dynamics of the Firing Rate of Single Compartmental Cells . The applied current in the isolated cell model is an abstract current that drives the cell. For the network model, we replace this applied current with the sum of the external and network currents.
The network current for cell $i$ is induced by other cells within the network and is given by
where ${g}_{ij}$ is the synaptic conductance of cell $i$ generated by action potentials of cell $j$ , and ${E}_{j}$ is the reversal potential of the synapse from cell $j$ to cell $i$ . Note that ${E}_{j}$ depends only on the properties of the presynaptic cell $j$ . If ${\mathbf{t}}_{\mathbf{j}}$ is a vector containing the spike times of cell $j$ , the conductance at the synapse from cell $j$ to cell $i$ is given by
where ${\tau}_{ij}$ is the conductance decay constant, ${G}_{ij}$ is the peak synaptic conductance, and ${R}_{j}\left(t\right)$ is the firing rate of cell $j$ given by
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