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Sosiale wetenskappe: aardrykskunde

Graad 8

Nedersettings

Module 1

Grondgebruikpatrone

  • Die ontstaan en funksies van nedersettings is verskillend. Ons gaan kortliks kyk na die verskillende tipes grondgebruik in ‘n dorp of stad in Suid-Afrika.
  • Suid Afrika bestaan uit stedelike gebiede wat dig bevolk is. Dit sluit in dele soos Gauteng en die Kaapstadse Metropool. Die Nelson Mandela Metropool wat Port Elizabeth, Uitenhage en Despatch insluit, is ook ‘n gebied met ‘n groot getal inwoners. Daarteenoor is daar dele van die land wat maar baie yl bevolk is. Kan jy aan so ‘n streek dink? ……….. Dalk die Noord-Kaap Provinsie. Daar is dorpies waar die bevolkingsdigtheid besig is om te daal. Dit is deels te wyte aan die ontvolking van die platteland, weens die trek- en stootfaktore waarvan julle reeds geleer het.
  • In ‘n dorpie soos Hofmeyr in die Oos-Kaap is daar slegs sowat vyfhonderd inwoners. Baie besighede in die dorpie het al gesluit. Daar is nie genoeg koopkrag om die besighede winsgewend te maak nie. Selfs die banke het al hulle deure gesluit. Dit het ook ‘n invloed op die pryse van huise. Die pryse het oor die afgelope paar jaar skerp gedaal. Baie eienaars sukkel om hulle huise verkoop te kry. Hulle moet dit byna weggee om daarvan ontslae te raak.

Aktiwiteit 1:

Om inligting uit bronne te interpreteer en vrae daaroor te beantwoord

[lu 2.1]

1. Waarom dink jy groei sommige stedelike gebiede, terwyl ander (veral op die platteland) stagneer?

2. Beskryf die term “ontvolking.”

3. Watter probleme ondervind die eienaars van eiendomme op die platteland waar die dorpe besig is om te ontvolk?

4. Dink jy daar is ‘n verband tussen die ontvolking van die platteland en die druk op die stedelike gebiede vir die verskaffing van behuising en ‘n infrastruktuur?

1. Verskillende grondgebruiksones in die stad

Indien julle na ‘n kaart van ‘n dorp of stedelike gebied sou kyk, is dit duidelik dat nie al die grondgebied dieselfde funksie vervul nie. Daar is verskillende funksies in ‘n stad, wat ook op verskillende plekke in die stad aangetref word. So word die nywerhede gewoonlik op die rande van die stad aangetref, terwyl die hoofkantore van groot organisasies nader aan die sakekern geleë is.

Bloemfontein

Daar is verskillende behoeftes in ‘n stad, so daar sal verskillende besighede, instansies of persone wees wat in die behoeftes voorsien. Dink byvoorbeeld aan sport. Watter geriewe is in jou omgewing wat vir sport aangewend word?

Daar is ook ander funksies wat in die stad voorkom. Kom ons kyk na tipiese grondgebruiksones in ‘n stad:

1.1 Sentrale Sakekern (SSK)

  • Die Sentrale Sakekern is die hart van ‘n stad en het ‘n kommersiële funksie. Dit kom in alle stede voor. Die SSK is gewoonlik geleë sodat dit toegang bied tot al die vernaamste verkeersroetes. Grond en persele is gewoonlik baie duur in die Sentrale Sakekern, daarom vind ‘n mens meestal hoë geboue in die SSK. Die SSK in ‘n stad mag egter met die tyd verskuif soos die stad uitbrei. In Port Elizabeth byvoorbeeld was die SSK eers naby aan die hawegebied geleë. Nou het die gebied egter verskuif na Kaapweg, wat verder weg is van die oorspronklike SSK.

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
Lily
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Aardrykskunde graad 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11035/1.1
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