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Sosiale wetenskappe: aardrykskunde

Graad 8

Nedersettings

Module 3

Funksies van grondgebruik

  • Die uitleg van ‘n dorp- of stadplan toon dat verskillende dele vir verskillende funksies toegeken word. Die uitleg van ‘n dorp of stad moet goed beplan word. Dit sou byvoorbeeld fataal wees om ‘n nywerheid wat giftige afvalstowwe vrylaat, binne dieselfde gebied as ‘n woonbuurt te plaas. Daarom is daar stadsbeplanners wat reeds jare vooruit beplan ten opsigte van funksies van gebiede, vervoer en grondgebruik. Dit kan egter gebeur dat die rol van sekere geboue verander.
  • In Port Elizabeth byvoorbeeld word baie huise nou in besighede omskep. Die gebied wat die sakekern gevorm het, het nou verskuif. Naby Greenacres vind ons reeds die hoofkantore van banke en versekeringsmaatskappye. Wat vroeër deel van die woonbuurt Mill Park was, verander toenemend in besigheids-eiendomme.

1. Grondgebruikfunksies in Suid-Afrikaanse stede

Indien ons na die grondgebruikfunksies van enige stedelike gebied kyk, is daar sekere funksies wat gewoonlik in alle stede aangetref word. Die totale stedelike area bestaan gewoonlik uit gebiede wat ontwikkel is, terwyl ander dele onontwikkel is.

Die ontwikkelde area bestaan gewoonlik uit twee groepe ontwikkelde gebiede, naamlik private en openbare ontwikkelde areas.

Private ontwikkelde areas

Die privaat ontwikkelde area behels gewoonlik drie tipes grondgebruikfunksies:

a) Residensieel – bv. Enkelwonings, skakelhuise, woonstelle en meenthuiskomplekse.

b) Industrieë – bv. Opberging, Ligte industrieë en Swaar Industrieë.

c) Handel – bv. Kleinhandel, Groothandel, Finansies en Professionele ondernemings

Openbare ontwikkelde areas

Die Openbare ontwikkelde area behels vier tipes grongebruikfunksies:

a) strate

b) ontspanning – soos parke, sportterreine en kultuur

c) openbare dienste – soos hospitale, lughawens, begraafplaas en afvalwerke

d) onderwys – soos laer- en hoërskole

Onontwikkelde areas

Die onontwikkelde gebied kan gewoonlik onder twee hoofde geklassifiseer word:

a) onbenutte, oop terrein

b) landbougrond

Aktiwiteit 1:

Om die rol en funksie van grondgebruik te beskryf

[lu 2.2]

Bestudeer die skets van die stedelike gebied en beantwoord die vrae:

1. Waar word die sakekern van die stedelike gebied aangetref?

2. Sou jy B as ‘n hoë-inkomste-woongebied beskryf of as ‘n laerinkomstegroep woongebied? Gee ‘n rede vir jou antwoord.

3. Wat belemmer moontlike toekomstige uitbreiding van die stad in ‘n noordelike rigting (sien C).

4. Is daar genoegsame sportfasiliteite beskikbaar om in die inwoners van die stad se behoeftes te voorsien?

Aktiwiteit 2:

Om die funksie van grond in die omgewing te bespreek

[lu 2.2]

lw: opvoeders moet daarop let dat hierdie aktiwiteit ‘n praktiese opdrag is wat in pare gedoen kan word.

2. Die funksie van die grond in my omgewing

Bestudeer die tabel en bykomende inligting en volg die instruksies van die opvoeder om die gebruik van grond in jou omgewing te bepaal.

Grondgebruikkategorie Beskrywing Erf No.
Residensieel
Fabrieke/Nywerhede
Groothandel
Handel
Ontspanning
Openbare Dienste Bv. kerke, hospitaal, lughawe, ens.
Opvoeding Bv. skool, universiteit, ens.
Oop onbenutte terrein
Landbougrond
Strate

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Aardrykskunde graad 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11035/1.1
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