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Aardrykskunde

Graad 4

Die plek waar ons woon

(nedersettingskenmerke)

Module 9

Die ontstaan van nedersettings

Nedersettings

1.redes vir die ontstaan van ‘n nedersetting

Mense het van die vroegste tye af begin om in groepe saam te woon. Soms was dit om hulself teen die vyand te beskerm en dan het hulle gewoonlik die natuurlike landvorme soos berge, riviere en die see gebruik as fronte teen die vyand. Boonop is daar dan waterslote of mure rondom gemaak om die vyand buite te hou.

Dikwels wil mense weet waarom ’n dorp of stad op ‘n spesifieke plek gebou of aangelê is. Kom ons kyk waarom Kaapstad juis dáár aangelê is.

Die veilige baai en vars water het ’n belangrike rol gespeel. Toe Jan van Riebeeck in 1652 naby die diep en veilige Tafelbaai ’n plek moes kies om die eerste fort te bou, het hy besluit dat dit so na as moontlik aan die riviertjie, wat hulle later die Varsrivier genoem het, moes wees.

Behalwe die beskikbaarheid van water (wat altyd belangrik is) en ’n baai (aan die kus), is daar nog redes wat genoem kan word wat kan bepaal waar stede en dorpe ontstaan.

Veiligheid speel ook ‘n rol. Veral in die vroeë tye was dit belangrik vir mense om op ’n plek te woon waar hulle hulself maklik teen die vyand kon verdedig. ‘n Goeie voorbeeld hiervan is Koning Mosjesj wat met sy volk, die Basoetoes, bo-op ‘n berg met ‘n plat kruin, Thaba Bosigo, gewoon het. Daar was hulle veilig teen vyande.

Nog plekke waar mense hulle in die verlede gevestig het, was waar paaie gekruis, ’n rivier oorgesteek of deur ’n bergkloof gegaan het.

Baie dorpe in Suid-Afrika het ook ontstaan waar sendingstasies of kerke opgerig is.

Party mense het hul eenvoudig op ‘n plek gaan vestig omdat dit vir hulle baie mooi was. Sulke gebiede het dan dikwels later tot vakansie-oorde ontwikkel (toeriste-aantreklikhede).

Dorpe het ook langs die see ontstaan omdat die mense die dorp per boot moes kon bereik (hawestede). In groot dele van Suid-Afrika is daar vroeg reeds waardevolle minerale soos diamante, goud en steenkool ontdek. Mense het daarheen beweeg, agter die werksgeleenthede en moontlike rykdom aan (myndorpe/-stede).

‘n Dorp soos Saldanha is baie bekend vir die groot hoeveelheid vis wat daar gevang, verwerk en verskeep word (nywerheidsdorpe/-stede).

’n Laaste rede wat lei tot die ontstaan van dorpe, is dat regerings besluit dat mense op ’n bepaalde plek moet gaan woon.

Aktiwiteit 1

Om die volgende dorpe onder die korrekte opskrif te klassifiseer [lu 1.7, 2.1]

Knysna ; Port Elizabeth ; Kimberley ; Kaapstad ; Sasolburg ; Warmbad ; Skukuza ; Heroldsbaai ; Hogsback ; Koffiefontein

Myndorp/-stad Hawedorp/-stad Nywerheidsdorp/-stad Toeriste-aantreklikheid

Aktiwiteit 2

Om uit te vind waarom julle stad, dorp of woonbuurt ontstaan het [lu 2.1]

(Vra julle onderwyser, julle ouers of die mense wat in die plaaslike museum werk om te help en skryf ’n paragraaf oor jul woonplek.)

Hieronder volg ‘n paar voorbeelde van vrae wat julle kan vra. dink self aan nog meer vrae en voeg dit by.

1. Hoe oud is ons dorp/stad?

2. Hoe het ons dorp/stad ontstaan?

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Aardrykskunde graad 4. OpenStax CNX. Oct 21, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11083/1.2
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