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This chapter draws on insights from the development of myExperiment to illustrate changes in research practice enabled by new digital methods or ‘Science 2.0’

Introduction

The social process of sharing research results underpins the progress of research. For many decades our research has been published in journal articles, conference proceedings, books, theses and professional magazines. With increasing availability of tools to disseminate knowledge digitally, and with increasing participation in the digital world through widespread access to the Web, we are seeing this scholarly knowledge lifecycle become digital too. Although we have seen some welcome changes, including open access publishing which makes material free for all to read, the shared artefact in this lifecycle is predominantly still the academic paper. We might call this “Science 1.0”.

e-Science is taking us into the “Science 2.0” world where we have new mechanisms for sharing (Schneiderman 2008) but also new artefacts to share. The tooling of e-Science produces and consumes data, together with metadata to aid interpretation and reuse, and also the scripts and experiment plans that support automation and the records that make the results interpretable and reusable – our new forms of artefact include data, metadata, scripts, scientific workflows, provenance records and ontologies. Our tools for sharing include the array of collaboration tools from repositories, blogs and wikis to social networking, instant messaging and tweeting that are available on the Web today, though these are not always designed around the new artefacts nor do they always have the particular needs of the researcher in mind.

These are already the familiar tools of the next generation of researchers and their uptake may seem inevitable, though it may take time for them to be appropriated and embedded in research practice. But crucially the other driver for change is the evolution of research practice as more work is conducted in silico and as we pursue multidisciplinary endeavours in data-intensive science to tackle some of the biggest problems facing society, from climate change to energy.

In this chapter we look at emerging practice in collaboration and scholarly communication by focusing on a case study which exemplifies a number of the principles in the paradigm shift to Science 2.0 and gives us a glimpse into the future needs of researchers.

Myexperiment

myExperiment is an open source repository solution for the born-digital items arising in contemporary research practice, in particular in silico workflows (see the contribution by Fisher et al. ) and experiment plans (DeRoure et al . 2009). Launched in November 2007, the public repository (myexperiment.org) has established a unique collection of workflows and a diverse international user community. The collection serves both researchers and learners: ranging from self-contained, high value research analysis methods referenced by the journal publications that discuss the results of their use, to training workflows that encode routine best practice scientific analyses or illustrate new techniques for new kinds of research data.

Questions & Answers

I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Research in a connected world. OpenStax CNX. Nov 22, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10677/1.12
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