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Kuns en kultuur

Graad 4

Kritiese en kreatiewe refleksie

Module 16

Musiek: strykinstrumente



Om instrumente te identifiseer [lu 2.4, 2.5]


Voltooi eers:

  • Maatslag
  • Tempo
  • Is die instrumenteklank hoog en/of laag?
  • Beskryf wat jy hoor.

Om die skilpaaie uit te beeld, gebruik die komponis strykinstrumente.

Hoe lyk die strykinstrumente?

Kyk na die skets van die skilpaaie. Daar is VIER verskillende strykinstrumente:





Hierdie vier instrumente vorm die strykinstrumente. Strykinstrumente bestaan uit ‘n houtkas en vier snare. Die snare word met ‘n strykstok bespeel.

Strykinstrumente word met groot sorg vervaardig. Al die houtdele word aanmekaar vasgegom en daar word geen spykers of skroewe gebruik nie. Hierdie groep instrumente wissel in grote: Hoe groter die instrument, hoe laer die klank; hoe kleiner die instrument, hoe hoër die klank.

(Vergelyk met groot en klein diere: ‘n muis is klein, sy klank is hoog; ‘n olifant is groot, sy klank is laag.)

Plak prentjies of maak tekeninge van die vier strykinstrumente.

Hoe bring ons klank voort op die strykinstrumente?

Sodra ‘n mens die strykstok oor die snaar stryk, vibreer die snaar. Dit veroorsaak klank! Hoe langer die snaar is, hoe laer is die klank; hoe korter die snaar, hoe hoër is die klank. Om die snare korter of langer te maak, word die linkerhand hoër op of laer af op die snare gedruk.

In plaas van die strykstok te gebruik, kan die snare ook gepluk word met die regterhand. Dit veroorsaak kort klanke.

Die toonhoogte van die strykers:

Viool: hoog

Altviool: redelik hoog

Tjello: redelik laag

Kontrabas: laag

Rangskik die strykinstrumente soos volg:

1. van klein na groot

2. van hoog na laag.

Watter afleiding kan jy maak?


1. Klein na groot
2. Hoog na laag


LEERUITKOMS 2: REFLEKSIE Die leerder kan krities en skeppend op kuns- en kultuurprosesse, -produkte en -style in vergange, asook huidige kontekste reflekteer.


Dis duidelik wanneer die leerder:

2.4 maatslae soos vier-vier en drie-vier kan herken;

2.5 na musiekinstrumente luister en hulle kan identifiseer in terme van voorkoms, naam, wyse van klankproduksie, timbre en algemene toonhoogteklassifisering (hoog-laag).

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Kuns en kultuur graad 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11088/1.1
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