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Mathematics

Estimations, equations and variables

Educator section

Memorandum

21. (a)

Days ___ ___ ___ ___ 5 ___ ___ 49
Bo x es ___ ___ 150 200 ___ 600 1 750 ___

22.

(b)

Sketch ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
Number of squares 4 7 10 13 25 40

(c) Squares = 1 + (Sketch No. x 3)

(d) (i) 1 + (25 x 3) = 76

  1. 1 + (37 x 3) = 112
  2. 1 + (101 x 3) = 304

(e) (i) 43

  1. 55
  2. 80

23. (a) u = {} i ÷ 4

(b) u = ( i x 2) + 1

24. (a) Input

money

24. (a) Input money R1 R5 R30 R50 R100
Output : flower bulbs 3 15 90 150 300

(b)

InputNights 1 7 10 15 31
Output Cost R280 R1 960 R2 800 R4 200 R8 680

(c)

InputKg 1 4 19
OutputAmount R6,20 R17 R27,70 R35,70 R129,78

Leaner section

Content

Activity: estimations, equations and variables (algebraic equations) [lo 2.1, lo 2.3.3, lo 2.2, lo 2.4]

21. Let us see if we can formulate rules to solve equations by looking at patterns.

Every day the Cape Market purchases 50 boxes of grapes

from a farmer.

a) Complete the following table:

Days 1 2 3 4 12 35
Boxes 50 100 250 2 450

b) We can check if you are correct by writing an algebraic equation

for the above:

b (boxes) = d (days) ´ 50

Therefore: c = 3 ´ 50

= 150 (3rd day)

c = d ´ 50

250 = d ´ 50

250 ÷ 50 = d

5 = d

On day 5 the market had already bought 250 boxes of grapes.

c) Work with a partner and check the rest of your work in the same way.

22. Examine the following three sketches:

a) Can you explain to a friend the pattern that is formed here?

b) Complete this table:

Sketch 1 2 3 4 8 13
Number of squares

c) Can you write down the equation by which you can determine your solution?

_____________________________________________________________________

d) Use your equation to determine the number of squares in

(i) sketch 25: ___________________________________________________

(ii) sketch 37: ___________________________________________________

(iii) sketch 101: ___________________________________________________

e) Which sketches will contain the following number of squares?

(i) 130: _________________________________________________________

(ii) 166: _________________________________________________________

(iii) 241: _________________________________________________________

23. Are you able to write a rule (an algebraic equation) for the relationship between the input and output numbers in the following table?

a)

Input (i) 16 28 48 60
Output (o) 4 7 12 15

b)

Input (i) 105 115 125 135
Output (o) 211 231 251 271

24. Compile tables for the following (You may use your pocket calculator):

a) Flower Pot Nursery sells flower bulbs at 3 for a rand. Indicate in your table how many bulbs would be sold for R1,00 ; R5,00 ; R30,00 ; R50,00 and R100,00.

b) The Good Rest Holiday Resort's tariff is R280,00 per person per night. Indicate in your table the cost for one person for the following number of nights: 1 ; 7 ; 10 ; 15 ; 31.

c) At Sally's Supermarket you can buy grapes at R6,80 a kilogram. Indicate in your table how much you would pay for: 1 kg ; 2 ½ kg ; 4 kg ; 5¼ kg ; 19 kg grapes.

25. Time for Self-Assessment

  • Make a cross on the scale of 1 to 5 for each of the following:
Struggling So-so Capable
1 2 3 4 5
I can determine output numbers from a flow diagram correctly __ __ __ __ __
I can determine input numbers from a flow diagram __ __ __ __ __
I understand the replacing of numbers with letters of the alphabet. __ __ __ __ __
I understand what "variables" are. __ __ __ __ __
I understand the replacing of letters of the alphabet with numbers. __ __ __ __ __
I can write algebraic equations for given number sentences. __ __ __ __ __
I can resolve algebraic equations. __ __ __ __ __
I can write number sentences by making use of inequalities. __ __ __ __ __
I am able to formulate rules for solving equations by looking at patterns and can write down equations for them. __ __ __ __ __
I can compile tables from given information. __ __ __ __ __

Module test

Let us see if we can apply all the previous knowledge.

1. Just write down the answer:

a) 43 = __________ b) 93 = __________ (2)

2. True or false?

a) 125 is a cubed number ________________

b) 125 is a square number ________________

c) v – w = w – v ________________

d) (g + h) x j = (g x j) + (h x j) ________________ (4)

3. If m = 16 ; n = 9 and p = 18, calculate:

a) (m x n) + p ___________________________________

b) p ¸ n x m2 ___________________________________ (2)

4. Write an algebraic equation for the following:

a) If I subtract 347 from a number, the answer is 1706.

______________________________________________ (1)

b) The product of a certain number and 598 is equal to the difference between 80 000 and 6 446

______________________________________________ (2)

5. Write number sentences by using inequalities:

a) One quarter of the red shoes is less than half of the green shoes.

______________________________________________ (1)

b) Everyday more than 100 000 people read the newspaper.

______________________________________________ (1)

6.1 Write an equation for the following table:

Input 5 10 15 20 25 30
Output 28 53 78 103 128 228 328

______________________________________________ (1)

6.2 Use the equation to complete the table. (3)

7. Compile a table for the following:

At the Happy Fruit Stall you can buy 1 kg of apples for R6,99. In your table, indicate the cost of 2 and a half kg ; 8 kg ; 13 kg (3)

20

Assessment

Learning Outcome 2: The learner will be able to recognise, describe and represent patterns and relationships, as well as to solve problems using algebraic language and skills.

Assessment Standard 2.2: : We know this when the learner describes, explains and justifies observed relationships or rules in own words;

Assessment Standard 2.3: We know this when the learner represents and uses relationships between variables in order to determine input and/or output values in a variety of ways using:

2.3.3: tables;

Assessment Standard 2.4: We know this when the learner constructs mathematical models that represent, describe and provide solutions to problem situations, showing responsibility toward the environment and the health of others (including problems within human rights, social, economic, cultural and environmental contexts).

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
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Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
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Adin
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Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
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Damian Reply
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Daniel
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characteristics of micro business
Abigail
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Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
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SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
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s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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Source:  OpenStax, Mathematics grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 16, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11075/1.1
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