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This module on control of food hazards is part of the Food Safety Knowledge Network's Basic Level resources for food manufacturers. This module was authored by Kevin Swoffer.

Welcome

Welcome to Introduction to Control of Food Hazards: General and Specific .

This learning module is part of the Food Safety Knowledge Network Basic Level Program.

The Basic Level and Intermediate Level Programs were developed through a partnership between the Global Food Safety Initiative and Michigan State University to enhance the technical knowledge of individuals responsible for food safety, especially those working for small or less-developed businesses.

To learn more about the Food Safety Knowledge Network, please visit www.foodsafetyknowledgenetwork.org .

Module overview

You need comprehensive knowledge to control food hazards within your company. Lack of the control of hazards can cause contamination resulting in risks to consumer health or loss of product leading to significant financial loss. Food hazards can be biological, chemical, or physical in nature. As a food safety manager, you should be aware of the significance of hazards and must identify and monitor hazards within your production process.

This module covers the requirements for effective general and specific controls to prevent food hazards.

The following topics will be discussed:

  • system development
  • biological hazards
  • chemical hazards
  • physical hazards
  • control of food safety hazards.

Module objectives

Upon completion of this module you should be able to

  • describe the principles and reasons for controlling food hazards
  • explain the nature of food safety hazards (biological, chemical, physical, and allergens) and factors influencing the likelihood of their occurrence (such as, conditions which influence food safety hazards commonly associated with specific ingredients used, specific processes undertaken, and specific foods produced as well as customer requirements and legislation)
  • explain the recognized and known control measures and how to apply these to control hazards relevant to specific products, taking into consideration local regulatory compliance and customer requirements
  • design the monitoring procedures necessary to ensure control of food safety hazards relevant to the product
  • perform corrective actions when control measures are not achieved
  • operate a system for maintaining comprehensive records in relation to the control of identified hazards.

System development

As the person responsible for food safety within the factory it is important to develop a system to ensure and monitor that the staff is fully aware of and uses

  • good biological hazard prevention practices
  • good chemical hazard prevention practices
  • good physical hazard prevention practices
  • risk analysis processes to identify all possible hazards.

Any system will have to be clearly and concisely documented and communicated effectively to appropriate staff within the company.

It is important to work closely with key company staff to ensure that they clearly understand the importance of such systems and the ways they can influence effective compliance.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Food safety knowledge network basic level requirements. OpenStax CNX. Dec 30, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11142/1.4
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