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Social sciences: history

Grade 6

The road to democracy in sa since 1910

Module 5

Peaceful protest until the 1950’s

Activity 1:

To apply sources on peaceful protest during the 1920’s and 30’s

[lo 1.2]

PEACEFUL PROTEST IN THE 1920’S AND 1930’S

(a) Enter the missing names of republics and colonies before 1910 on the map. Consult your own sources.

The union of South Africa (1910)

The Union of South Africa was established on 31 May 1910, as a British dominium, with Louis Botha as the first premier. Black people, however, did not have the vote and could not take part in elections. Only in the Cape Province did Coloured People and some Blacks have the right to vote. In reaction to this, the SANNC (South African Native National Congress) was established in Bloemfontein in 1912, under the leadership of the Reverend John Dube. The movement was to strive for justice and freedom for the black people of SA. They were against violence and wanted to achieve their ideals through reason, patience and perseverance.

John Dube (1871 – 1946)

Zulu reverend and teacher

Sol Plaatje

A founder member of the ANC

During the 1920's organisations like the Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union of SA of Clements Kadalie, the biggest trade union in SA in the 1920's, encouraged several strikes on farms and in towns and cities. Clashes with the police occurred and many people died. In 1923 the name of the SANNC was changed to the ANC (African National Congress). During the 1930's the movement almost ceased to exist because of internal divisions and financial problems.

Organising mass action against apartheid during the 1940's and 50's

In the 1940's, and especially just after the end of the Second World War, support for human rights increased world-wide. The ANC also experienced a renewal. However in 1948 the government was taken over by Dr Malan's National Party and apartheid, which was already being applied, became the official policy of the country and was strictly enforced. Black people had previously been able to use public conveniences and people of different races could mix and marry. New legislation, however, prohibited this:

- 1949: Mixed Marriages Act

- 1950: Group Areas Act (Example A)

- 1952: Pass Law

- 1953:Separate Amenities Act (Example C)

The Population Registration Act (1950) divided South Africans into four groups: Blacks, Whites, Indians and Coloureds. The law restricted the lives of people: it prescribed where they could live, work and be educated and curbed their freedom of movement. Coloured people living in the Cape Province lost the right to vote as a result of the Group Areas Act. People also had to vacate their homes and move away from residential areas like District Six, to undeveloped areas on the Cape Flats.

The following are three examples that caused dissatisfaction on a large scale amongst black people:

Example A: The Group Areas Act

(b) Suppose that you are an inhabitant of Sophiatown or an official involved with the removals from Sophiatown. Study the sources that are provided and write a short letter to a friend, or put together a wall chart on the events.

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11011/1.1
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