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English first additional language

Grade 4

What a wonderful world

Module 34

Twinkle twinkle little star

Activity 1

To use information from a diagram to write a short text [lo 5.4.3]

SPEAKING

It is impossible to imagine life on earth without the sun. Just try to picture what it would be like. It would be like living in a deep, dark cave: no night and day; no beautiful flowers turning their faces towards the sun; no holidays at the seaside. How depressing!

Fortunately, this is not the case. The earth is part of a wonderful system that brings light into our lives.

Because the earth orbits the sun, it is called a planet. There are eight other planets that also orbit our sun. The sun and these nine planets make up our solar system. Each planet moves in its own specific orbits around the sun. Look at the following illustration of the solar system. You will see that some planets are closer to the sun, and others, which have much longer orbits, are further away from the sun. Those closest to the sun are warmer than those that are far away.

Planet Observation
Mercury
Venus
Earth
Mars
Jupiter
Saturn
Uranus
Neptune
Pluto

Activity 2

To describe objects [lo 2.3.3]

  1. Form groups (about five learners in each group) and do some research on a specific aspect of the planets in our solar system. Each group must choose a different planet. Then do a presentation to the rest of the class on your topic. Make sure that it is not only interesting, but also visually exciting.

3. Choose a classmate and ask him/her the following questions. He/she must answer in full sentences, starting with the words given below.

(a) Which of the planets do you find most interesting?

I find ………………………………………………………………………

(b) What do you like about it?

I like…………………………………………………………………

(c) What would you do if you were given the chance some day to visit one of the planets?

I would ………………………………………………………………

(d) Do you know any other names for Venus?

Yes, …………………………………………………………………

(e) What are they?

Venus is ……………………………………………………………

Activity 3

To understand some elements of rhyme [lo 3.2.1, 3.2.2, 3.2.3, 3.2.4]

1. Read the following nursery rhyme:

Twinkle twinkle little star

How I wonder what you are

Up above the world so high

Like a diamond in the sky

Twinkle twinkle little star

How I wonder what you are

(a) See if you can find a word with the same meaning as “twinkle”, and read the rhyme again, using this word in the place of “twinkle”.

The word is …………………………………………………

(b) How does it sound to you? Which do you prefer: your word, or the one in the poem?

I prefer ………………………………………………………

(c) Look carefully at the way in which this rhyme was made (its structure). Now complete the following sentences:

The first two lines are …………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………

The words that rhyme are…………………………………………….

………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………

(d) Does “twinkle twinkle” sound better than just “twinkle” (once)?

…………………………………………………………………………..

(e) If your answer to the previous question was “Yes”, can you try to explain why it is better?

………………………………………………………………………….

………………………………………………………………………….

………………………………………………………………………….

(f) Can you find a comparison (also called a simile) in the rhyme? If so, write it down.

…………………………………………………………………………..

(g) Do you think it is an effective comparison in the rhyme? If so, why?

……………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………

(h) Try to write your own rhyme in the same style as this one (6 lines, same kind of rhyme scheme, one comparison, repetition, etc). Your topic must be related in some way to the general topic of this module.

…………………………………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………………………….

(i) Ask your teacher to sing or play the rhyme to you. It is usually sung to very young children or infants as a lullaby. Try to sing along.

(j) Do you know any other lullabies? See how many you know, and share them with your classmates. You can sing them in any other language; not only in English. Listen to each other’s songs, and talk about them – how they differ, what the words mean, and so on. How many of you know the same songs? This is a good time to learn some new lullabies in different languages.

Assessment

Learning outcome 2: speaking

The learner will be able to communicate effectively in spoken language in a wide range of situations.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

  • uses additional language to communicate information:

2.3.3 describes people, objects and simple processes.

LEARNING OUTCOME 3: READING AND VIEWING

The learner will be able to read and view for information and enjoyment, and to respond critically to the aesthetic, cultural and emotional values in texts.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

3.2 understands, in a very simple way, some elements of poetry:

3.2.1 rhyme;

3.2.2 words which begin with the same sound (e.g. “Naughty Nomsa never listens.”);

3.2.3 words that imitate their sound (e.g. swish, swish);

3.2.4 differences in the way languages represents these sounds (e.g. “cluck cluck” and “kri kri”.

LEARNING OUTCOME 5: THINKING AND REASONING

The learner will able to use language to think and reason, and access, process and use information for learning.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

5.4 transfers information from one mode to another (e.g. chart to text):

5.4.3 uses information from a chart, graph or diagram to write a short text.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11093/1.1
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