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English first additional language

Grade 4

What a wonderful world

Module 32

In the beginning

Activity 1

To read for pleasure and information [lo 3.5]

LISTENING

One of the greatest jazz songs of the 1960s was the hit song by the American jazz trumpeter Louis Armstrong. It is called “What a wonderful world”. Listen to some of the lyrics:

I see trees of green, red roses too

I see them bloom for me and you

And I think to myself, what a wonderful world

I see skies of blue and clouds of white

The bright blessed day, the dark sacred night

And I think to myself, what a wonderful world

( George Weiss / Bob Thiele)Reference: http://www.mathematik.uni-ulm.de/paul/lyrics/louisa~1/whataw~html

Read the following passages and answer the questions that follow:

The Beginning

All people on earth want to know where they came from. How did it all begin? Different cultures have different stories to explain their existence on Planet Earth. These “stories” are often referred to as “Creation Myths”. A myth is a story that is created by people to explain that which they themselves do not understand, or cannot explain in human terms.

The creation story, with which many of us are familiar, is the story of Adam and Eve. It can be read in the Bible (Genesis 1-3). In this account of the Creation, God created order out of chaos:

“Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep…”

Some very interesting creation myths from other cultures show many similarities. For example, the ancient Greeks believed that there was, at first, nothing but “a great empty darkness”. The only thing in this dark void was Nyx, a bird with black wings. Nyx laid a golden egg and sat on it for ages. Ultimately life began to stir in the egg. So the god of love, called Eros, was “born”. One half of the shell rose into the air and became the sky, while the other half became the earth. Eros named the sky Uranus and the earth Gaia, and made them fall in love. They had many children together.

According to Greek mythology, this was how the Greek gods came into being. Zeus, the “leader”, saw that the Earth lacked two things: humans and animals. He sent his two sons, Prometheus and Epimetheus, to Earth to create men and animals and to give each one a gift.

This, according to Greek mythology, was how it all started.

The Egyptians also tried to explain their place in the universe by creating myths. Ancient Egyptian creation myths echo many of the elements with which we are familiar. Their myths were based on their experiences of nature. As the Nile played a very important part in their everyday existence, it isn’t surprising that water is a basic element in their creation mythology. They also believed that in the beginning there was nothing but chaos: churning, bubbling water called Nu (or Nun). Everything originated from Nu. Ra, the sun, came out of an egg that appeared on the surface of the water. Ra’s offspring became the Egyptian gods and goddesses, and later Men were created from Ra’s tears.

The Australian Aborigine creation myth seems to start off on a milder note: There was a time when everything was still. Earth was bare. Almost all the spirits of the earth were asleep. Only the Great Father of All Spirits was awake. He gently awoke the Sun Mother. As she opened her eyes, a warm ray of light spread towards the sleeping earth.

The Great Father of All Spirits instructed her to go down to the desolate Earth to awaken the sleeping spirits and to give them forms. As she moved about, she radiated a bright light, which not only awakened all the spirits, but also made plants grow, insects and animals come to life, frozen rivers and lakes melt, and birds and animals inhabit the earth. Glorious colours abounded. The Great Father of All Spirits was very pleased with the Sun Mother’s work.

After instructing all the creatures to enjoy the abundance of things on Earth, and to live together in peace and harmony, she rose into the sky and became the sun.

Activity 2

To answer literal questions [lo 1.1.1]

1. Choose your own title for this story.

My title is ……………………………………………………………………

2. Why have you chosen it?

I have chosen it because………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………

3. True or false?

Fill in TRUE or FALSE
Eros was the Roman god of the sky. ……………………………..
The Egyptians believed that everything came from Nu (or Nun). ………………………………
The Aborigines lived along the Nile. ………………………………
The Great Father of All Spirits was the aborigines’ “chief” creative force. ………………………………
Water plays an important part in most creation myths. ………………………………
A myth is a true story. ………………………………

Activity 3

To listen to simple oral instructions and locate a place on a map [lo 1.2.2]

1. Use a map of the world and find the following countries:

Egypt

Australia

Greece

Activity 4

To retell a story in the right sequence [lo 1.1.5]

2. Retell the Biblical story of Adam and Eve up to the point where they are banished from the Garden of Eden.

3. True or false?

Fill in TRUE or FALSE
Eros was the Roman god of the sky. ……………………………..
The Egyptians believed that everything came from Nu (or Nun). ………………………………
The Aborigines lived along the Nile. ………………………………
The Great Father of All Spirits was the aborigines’ “chief” creative force. ………………………………
Water plays an important part in most creation myths. ………………………………
A myth is a true story. ………………………………

Activity 3

To listen to simple oral instructions and locate a place on a map [lo 1.2.2]

1. Use a map of the world and find the following countries:

Egypt

Australia

Greece

Activity 4

To retell a story in the right sequence [lo 1.1.5]

2. Retell the Biblical story of Adam and Eve up to the point where they are banished from the Garden of Eden.

Assessment

Learning outcome 1: listening

The learner will be able to listen for information and enjoyment, and respond appropriately and critically in a wider range of situations.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

1.1 understands stories (told or read to learners):

1.1.1 answers literal questions;

  • retells the story in the right sequence;
  • understands oral instructions, directions and descriptions:

1.2.2 listens to simple oral directions and follows a route or locates a place on a simple map or plan.

Learning outcome 3: reading and viewing

The learner will be able to read and view for information and enjoyment, and to respond critically to the aesthetic, cultural and emotional values in texts.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

3.5 reads for pleasure and information.

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Good
Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11093/1.1
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