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English home language

Grade 5

That sinking feeling

Module 25

Taboo language and slanguage


(Socially unacceptable language)

This is the use of expletives / use of “filthy” language.

How would you explain the meaning of “filthy” language to someone who did not understand the term?

In all societies there are certain words which are considered taboo . Taboo is a Tongan word which means “acts that are forbidden or to be avoided , or reference to these acts.” Some words are taboo because they refer to religious customs.

In our culture, taboo words or socially unacceptable language can be defined as:

  1. using the Lord’s name in vain;
  2. calling people by the names of private body parts;
  3. referring to body parts in a crude fashion;
  4. talking ‘dirty’
  5. (can you add to this list?)
  1. Who would use this type of language?
  2. When would this type of language be used?
  3. Why would people speak this way?
  4. Where/In which situations would this type of language be used?

[LO 1.7; 2.4.4; 6.5]


(Slang language)

Almost everyone uses slang on some occasions. Slang can be defined as “one of those things that everybody can recognize and nobody can define.” The use of slang introduces many new words into the language by combining old words into new meanings, or an entirely new word. Words are ‘slang’ when they have not gained total acceptability.

An introduction to language by V Fromkin and R Rodman

  1. Do you know what the following words mean, or how they would be used?
to be spaced out to barf grass / pot to ‘split’
have a hang-up to be pooped something is cool the fuzz
  1. Slang words, after a while, can be accepted as ‘regular’ words. The following are now accepted into normal language (what do they mean?):
once in a blue moon
  1. You have been asked to help compile items for a new dictionary of slang. List five slang words that you know, and provide a short definition for each word:

(a) – (e)

[LO 1.3; 2.4.1; 6.5]

Spelling and Vocabulary


  • Use more than one dictionary to find these answers:
  • What do we call any large sea-going vessel? (sh_ )
  • Ship-fever is also known as _
  • Ship’s biscuit can be described as a _ biscuit.
  • If you belonged to the ship’s company , you would be a member of the _
  • Somebody who constructs ships, is known as a sh_
  • If you were the shipmaster , you would be the _ of the ship.
  • If your room is neat, trim and tidy, it would be sh _
  • Another word for shipment , is _
  • The place where ships are built and repaired, is a sh_
  • The slope on which a ship is built and from which it islaunched, is called the sh_


What animal is known as “the ship of the desert” ?

What does it mean when someone says “my ship came in / home”?

What is a “shipboard romance”?


  1. closeness, rapport, the relationship between friends f_
  2. suffering, misery, distress, unhappiness, bad luck h_
  3. wooing, liking, loving, flattering and treating someone you want to marry c_

[LO 3.11]

The really big love boat story

(by Fiona Chisholm – About the movie – TITANIC)

Read this extract taken from Arts and Entertainment, Cape Times, Friday, 19 December 1997. Some words in the extract have been left out and replaced with a number; other words have been printed in bold and underlined.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English home language grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 22, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10991/1.2
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