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Life orientation

Grade 8

Physical development and movement

Module 20

Planning an adventurous extramural activity


To plan an adventurous and relaxing extramural activity that is intended to improve the attitude of your class towards fitness and general physicality

[lo 4.1]

Sport is good for the body if you feel like doing it and enjoy doing it. A day or weekend excursion can create the right context to make sport and play pleasant for everyone in the class.

Let us plan such an excursion now.

Step 1

1.1 In small groups, use a think tank format to come up with as many activities as possible for your weekend of adventure.


Don’t discuss the activities; simply write them down quickly.

Take turns to give ideas.

Don’t belittle any ideas.

Make it your aim to get 20 ideas in five minutes.

  • Make a list of your ideas:

1.2 Now you must share the ideas with the rest of the class. If they have any new ideas, you must write them down as well.

Step 2

  • Study your list carefully. Try to group the activities together in categories.
  • For example: swimming, diving, and water polo are examples of aquatic ( water) sports. Climbing rope ladders, rope bridges, and crawling through tunnels are activities that are usually found in obstacle races. Looking for shells, building sand-castles and snorkelling are examples of beach activities.
  • Use a MIND MAP to test whether you are capable of correctly categorising activities that have certain qualities in common. Follow the instructions below so that you can use your mind map for your portfolio.

1. A mind map has a key word (e.g. Activities) that is written in the centre of a clean page.

2. The different categories “branch out” from this key word, like thick branches.

3. The examples that fall under each category form the smaller branches around each category.

4. Use colour, sketches and shapes to complete your mind map and to illustrate examples

5. Become skilled at PMI, because it will help you to reflect thoroughly on a variety of activities before you make your choices.

PMI is the abbreviation for a thinking skill that was described by Edward de Bono. He is the author of a number of books on thinking skills. If you ever thought that thinking skills cannot be acquired, you should certainly read De Bono’s books. We want to get the grey matter between our ears just as fit as our muscles!

  • P is for plus (positive) M is for minus (negative) I is for interesting (or “Why didn’t I think of that?”)

Therefore, when someone needs to consider an idea or make a decision, it helps to use a PMI thinking exercise to examine the issue properly. Write all the plus points of the idea in one column, all the minus points in the next, and the interesting features of the idea in the third column. Now you can look at the idea objectively, on paper, before you make a final decision about it.

  • Let us look at a short example that will help you to become skilled in PMI. You must decide whether you are going to deposit R20 000 in a fund so that you can study at a good university one day, or whether you would rather spend it on an exciting trip to some overseas country.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Life orientation grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 12, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11048/1.1
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