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Arts and culture

Grade 8

Personal and social skills

Module 2

MUSIC

ACTIVITY 1 (individual and group)

1. Music expresses emotion by means of words

2. Music expresses emotion through the music itself

  • Read “I Want to be Happy” and answer the questions:
  1. Which emotion is expressed?
  1. Which colour is linked to unhappiness in this song?
  1. Which chord is used in the music to describe the unhappiness – major or minor? (Your educator could demonstrate the two chords on the piano.)
  1. Is it possible for a person to make a decision about how he or she feels?
  1. Which factors influence emotion?
  1. Can I influence the emotional state of another person? (Motivate your answer.)
  • Sing the song
  • Read the following section of Close every Door from the musical Joseph and the Amazing Technicolour Dreamcoat . Your educator could help you by playing the melody.

What kind of emotion does this song evoke?

Here is a “wrong” rendition of the song, as far as the music is concerned. Your educator could play it while you are singing.

What is the difference?

The music of the first example is “sadder” (a negative emotion), because it is played in a minor key/tonality .When the music is played in a major key/tonality , it is more cheerful (positive emotion).

Underline the correct answer:

The song Only Hope , which expresses hope, should be written in a major/minor key/tonality.

  • Sing “ I want to be Happy “ and “ Close Every Door “ once more.Identify the differences between these songs.
I Want to be Happy Close every Door

Activity 2

The musical “District Six” by David Kramer and Taliep Petersen can be regarded as a national treasure. It had its first performance in 1987 and deals with the history - politics, language, beliefs, etc. - of District Six, a residential area in the Bo-Kaap. This multiracial neighbourhood originally housed Coloured, Indian, Black and White inhabitants. When the area was declared “white” in 1966, everyone who lived there was forced to move out. As people moved out of the area, everything that was left behind was cleared away by bulldozers. Read about this neighbourhood, which had been in existence since 1867, and present your information to the class.

The musical describes people and events in District Six.Lyrics from the musical are provided below. Read them and listen to the recordings so that you will be able to complete the questionnaire:

  • A musical comedy is a play in which man is portrayed through music in terms of his pettiness, stupidity and vanity. It includes acting, music, singing, dancing, décor and costumes.

My Broertjie my Bra’ from the musical District Six (David Kramer)

This song is the story of a nine-year-old newspaper seller who has to take care of himself – he has no home and no parents and steals from others to make a living.

New Year!

This is a typical rendition of the singing of the Cape Coons who always lead the way for the New Year celebrations in Cape Town, literally and figuratively. The processions are noticeable for brightly coloured costumes, singing and dancing. Instruments that are used traditionally are guitars, banjos, tambourines, etc.

  • Listen to the songs and compare them in regard to the list that follows:
  • Make use of the following terms: warm and cold, sound colour, light and dark, gradual, leaps, legato, staccato, dense and less dense (tenuous), forte, piano, etc.

  • The class is to work as two groups to do research on the background to the musical “District Six” (Including the neighbourhood as such, and the history of the district).Each group subsequently has to discuss the songs with regard to the statements that are given below:
  • The music reflects the character of the lyrics
  • David Kramer and Taliep Petersen manage to evoke emotion, atmosphere and effect
  • The song adds to the general description of “District Six”
  • Also listen to excerpts from other musicals, e.g. Kat and the Kings , Fairyland (Kramer and Petersen); Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat; Cats (Lloyd Webber) and Grease , etc. (Films of several musicals are available on video).
  • List the songs that you know (from the above-mentioned musicals) which express particular emotions, like anger, longing, fear, etc.
Song Artist Emotion
  • I am able to respond to music in various ways
I can become happy YES NO
I can become excited YES NO
I can be surprised YES NO
I can become sad YES NO
I can become fearful YES NO
I can be calmed YES NO
LO 3.7

Assessment

Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 3
participation and cooperationThe learner is able to display personal and social skills while participating in arts and culture activities as an individual and in a group.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
This is demonstrated when the learner:
GENERAL
3.1 shows entrepreneurial skills in marketing artworks;
3.2 keeps to the time schedule through management and self-discipline;
3.3 investigates career options in arts and culture;
3.4 collaborates to:3.4.1 co-operates with other members of the group during art activities;
3.4.2 shows the ability to make a personal contribution within the context of the group;
VISUAL ARTS3.8 does research with regard to the arts and shares information with other learners;
MUSIC3.7 is able to do research on the emotional aspects of music;
DRAMA3.6 is able to apply research on informal theatre;
DANCE/MOVEMENT3.5 is able to do research on career possibilities in dance and share the information.

Memorandum

Presentation of music in the classroom

Classroom organisation is important if music is to be presented successfully. Because we are working with sound, the lesson may frequently become rather noisy. Learners must be disciplined into keeping instruments (including their voices) quiet when they are not being played.

Assessment must also attempt to cultivate attitudes and values in the learners. When learners know that aspects such as the handling of instruments, as well as quiet listening, are assessed, they will gradually come to respect these aspects.

Questions & Answers

is economics important in programming world?
Abdul Reply
What is oppunity cost
Kudzanayi Reply
it refers wants that are left unsatisfied in Oder satisfy another more pressing need
Osei
Thank bro
Kudzanayi
is the second altenative to foregone
swedy
How does monopoly and imperfect competion;public goods externalities ass symmetric information, ommon property ressourses; income distribution Merit goods and Macroeconomic growth and stability causes market failure?
Gcina
it is where by a labour moves from one place to another
Amoako Reply
yh
Osei
another
Amoako
yh
Osei
ok
Amoako
what is mobility of labour
George Reply
who best defined economics
paul Reply
what are the importance of economics
Adwoa Reply
answer
Asamoah
trade should be best
Aakash
help to know how our government operates in which system
swedy
1. To solve economic problems. 2. To predict economic event. 3. It also offer intellectual training to students.
samuel
How price elasticity can affect the markets of certain goods
Rhoda Reply
Heyy thanks for the teaching
Easter Reply
what is labour
Arthur Reply
Mental and physical ability of human being is considered as labour.
JEYARAM
and usually provided by human
KEMAWOR
is all human effort both physical and mental abilities to work
Asamoah
why is it that most countries in Africa abuse available resources
Okeoghene Reply
What is economics
Bright Reply
economics is a science which studies human behaviour as a relationship between ends, scarce means which have alternative uses.
prince
Why is scarcity a mind problem in economics
Alima Reply
because of the problem of allocation of resources
Osola
unequalled distribution of resources
Agyen
thanks
Alima
scarcity is a mind problem due to circumstances like when a particular product is demand in a high rate at the market.
Saihou
scarcity defines limited in supply relative to the demand them. so scarcity is a mind problem in economics because wants are unlimited while resources are also limited.
prince
it is a mind problem because it's one of the fundamental issue address by economics human wants are unlimited and resources available are limited this makes the study of economics essential
rashid
its a fundamental issue
zahid
it's not a mind problem, I think it's a economic problem, how to allocate scarce resources to satisfy need and want of society
Samiullah
Identify the different sectors in the economy
Moses Reply
what is economics
Moses
economic is study of human behaviour according to how they satisfie their numerous want
Osola
Economics is a science which studies human behaviour as a relationship between ends and scares resources.
JEYARAM
economic is study of human behaviour according to how they satisfie their numerous want
Amar
what is the law of demand
Adugbire Reply
the lower the price the higher the quantity demanded vice versa is true
Nadhin
yes
vivek
yes ooh
Asamoah
right
samuel
what are relationship between unemployment and economic growth
Weness Reply
no relationship
Awuah
When there is economic growth, there is increased opportunity in employment. When there is no economic growth mean there is recession causing a decline or downsizing in employment opportunities.
Teescou
unemployment or employment determined by the level of economic growth
Osola
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Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 12, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11046/1.1
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