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English first additional language

Grade 6

Module 19

To use comparatives to communicate

Activity 1:

To use comparatives to communicate

[lo 6.2.4]

An idiom is an expression that we use in English. Each picture below depicts an idiom that we use that has something to do with an animal. Study the meanings below and write down the correct idiom.


  1. To feel out of place in a situation. (fish)
  2. To falsely show sadness. (tears)
  3. To count your profits before they have materialised. (chickens)
  4. To pretend to be upright and honest when you are not. (sheep)
  5. To tackle a problem head on. (bull)
  6. When someone is not affected at all by what you say. (duck's back)

Can you think of any idioms that you have heard, that we have not used?

Write your examples on the lines below. Ask your parents for help or look up some examples in books.

Well done. We are going to make it a little more challenging for you! On the lines below, write down five idioms that you have thought up that deal with animals.

Criteria 1 2 3 4
Accuracy Poor, too many errors Starting to understand Good, very few errors Excellent, correctly matched
Neatness Untidy Presentation inconsistent, greater care needed Good presentation Excellent presentation, great care taken
Originality of examples Missed the point Clichéd Fairly original Extremely original


LANGUAGE STRUCTURE AND USE The learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language to create and interpret texts.
We know this when the learner:
6.2 uses language forms and structures to communicate orally and in writing:
6.2.4 uses comparatives;
6.4 develops own vocabulary:
6.4.2 recognises words which sound the same but are spelled differently;
6.4.4 understands between 4 000 and 5 500 common spoken words in context by the end of grade 6.


This activity focuses on idioms. Learners must study the pictures in their workbooks very carefully and then write the correct idiom, using the clue given, under each picture. Before allowing the learners to complete this exercise, go through the clues with them. They may not have heard of the idiom that is being referred to in the clues. If you find that idioms are a very new concept to your learners, write the idioms on the board and allow them to match the correct idiom to the picture by choosing one of the options from the board.

In the next part of the activity, learners must try to think of idioms that make use of colour. They may work in groups, ask parents, look in books etc to find these examples. Should books not be available, or should they be finding it difficult to find examples, make use of the following list of idioms to help them.

  1. All that glistens is not gold.
  2. Absence makes the heart grow fonder.
  3. Beggars can’t be choosers.
  4. New brooms sweep clean.
  5. Once bitten, twice shy.
  6. Charity begins at home.
  7. Every cloud has a silver lining.
  8. Too many cooks spoil the broth.
  9. A friend in need is a friend indeed.
  10. More haste, less speed.

In the last part of the activity, learners are asked to be creative and to think of their own idioms that make use of animals as a theme. This is a challenging exercise and learners may want to work in partners or in groups. As an introduction to this part of the activity, go though some examples of animal idioms that already exist and discuss the meanings. The following are some examples that you may use:

  1. The early bird catches the worm.
  2. While the cat’s away the mouse will play.
  3. A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.
  4. Let sleeping dogs lie.
  5. The last straw that breaks the camel’s back.
  6. Give a dog a bad name and hang him.
  7. Every dog has its day.
  8. Care killed the cat.

Remind learners that they will be assessed on neatness and on the originality of their examples.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 07, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10998/1.1
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