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Ekonomiese en bestuurswetenskappe

Graad 8


Module 17

Hoe lewensvatbaar is my besigheid?


Om die finansiële lewensvatbaarheid van die besigheidsidee te bepaal

LU 4.4

Ons het tot nou toe gekyk na die besigheidsidee in terme van die produk, die vervaardiging en verkryging daarvan, die mark (die kopers) en die wyse waarop ons die kopers gaan laat koop (bemarkingstrategie). Nou moet ons egter seker maak dat die idee wel finansieel lewensvatbaar is. ‘n Besigheid is slegs ‘n besigheid as dit wins maak. Dit beteken dat ons ons produk of diens nie teen ‘n verlies moet verkoop nie en dat die gelykbreekpunt (die getal items of dienskontrakte wat ons moet verkoop om gelyk te breek) realisties haalbaar is.

  • Om dit te kan doen, moet ons na die volgende kyk:
  • die verkoopprys;
  • die koste direk verbonde aan die daarstelling van die produk of diens;
  • die kostes wat aangegaan moet word om die besigheid te laat funksioneer (bv. vervoer en bemarking).

Die verkoopprys

Die verkoopprys word eers voorlopig bepaal deur marknavorsing. Daar word met die navorsing vasgestel watter soortgelyke produkte of dienste bestaan en wat hulle kos.

Die koste van die produk

‘n Produk kan nie maklik sonder enige uitgawes daargestel word nie. Selfs as byvoorbeeld fonteinwater getap en verkoop word, kos die houers (bottels) geld.


Bedryfskostes sluit enigiets in wat nodig is om die besigheid aan die gang te hou, soos vervoer, salarisse, bemarking, posgeld, telefoongeld, ensovoorts.

Kom ons doen ‘n berekening om die lewensvatbaarheid van ‘n bepaalde besigheidsidee te bepaal. Gestel ons gaan worsrolletjies by ‘n atletiekbyeenkoms verkoop. Dit is ‘n klein byeenkoms en ons reken ons sal 100 rolletjies verkoop. Ons doen navorsing en besluit dat R6,00 ‘n aanvaarbare prys is. Die worsies kos R3,00 elk en die broodjies R0,60 elk. Die souse vir 100 rolletjies kos R25,00. Ons stel vas dat ons ‘n stalletjie sal moet huur teen R50,00 en dat ons 20 plakkate teen R8,00 elk nodig sal hê om die stalletjie te bemark.

Ons berekening lyk dan soos volg:

Verkope 100 worsrolletjies @ R6,00 elk R600,00
Produkkoste 100 worsrolletjies @ R2,75 elk, en sous @ R25,00 R300,00
Brutowins as eerste aanduider (verkope min produkkoste) R300,00
Bedryfskoste Stalletjie @ R50,00 en 20 plakkate @ R8,00 elk R210,00
Operasionele wins R 90,00

Dit lyk dus asof die besigheid winsgewend sal wees. Die verkoopprys soos voorlopig na aanleiding van die markaanduiders bepaal, kan dus so bly. As die berekening nie op ‘n wins uitgekom het nie, sou ons kon oorweeg het om die verkoopprys opwaarts aan te pas.

Daar is egter belangrike toetse wat nog gedoen moet word om te verseker dat die projek wel lewensvatbaar is: ons moet bepaal waar die gelykbreekpunt lê vir ingeval ons nie ons teiken van 100 rolletjies haal nie. Die volgende belangrike berekeninge kan vir hierdie doel uit hierdie syfers gemaak word:

1. Die brutowins as persentasie van verkope

BRUTOWINS VERKOPE size 12{ { { ital "BRUTOWINS"} over { ital "VERKOPE"} } } {} X 100 1 size 12{ { {"100"} over {1} } } {}

= R 300 , 00 R 600 , 00 size 12{ { {R"300","00"} over {R"600","00"} } } {} X 100 1 size 12{ { {"100"} over {1} } } {}

= 50%

2. Minimumverkope om gelyk te breek

BEDRYFSKOSTE BRUTOWINS size 12{ { { ital "BEDRYFSKOSTE"} over { ital "BRUTOWINS"} } } {}

Questions & Answers

What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Ekonomiese en bestuurswetenskappe graad 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11039/1.1
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