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Social sciences: history

Grade 5

The ancient roman civilization: 5oo b.c. to 500 a.d.

Module 13

The establishment of the empire and the manner of living of its people

Before we begin it is important to understand what an ancient civilisation is.

Those eras which are farthest away from us in time, are referred to as ANCIENT times. Those close to us, are called contemporary.

We speak of a CIVILIZATION when the evidence indicates that the way of life of people of the time show distinct qualities of development and refinement.


This module tells the fascinating story of the Roman Empire – one of the earliest and greatest civilizations ever known! Roman history covers a period of more than 1000 years and extended into most of the known civilizations of that time! However, that's not all. Their unbelievable contribution to society reaches into modern times.

Welcome to the Roman Empire!

Activity 1:

To be aware of various views on the establishment of, and life in rome

[lo 1.3]


In 800 B.C. there were only a few thatched huts on the hills surrounding the Tiber River. Most of the people who lived there were farmers who cultivated wheat, olives and grapes in the fertile valley. In time the villages that developed on the seven hills started trading and eventually united. By 753 B.C. Romulus, according to the legend, founded the city of Rome. The united Roman villages could offer each other protection against attacks, especially from the Etrurians. The people from the different villages also worshipped together.

Thereafter the Empire developed as follows:

In the beginning priests brought sacrifices on behalf of the people. By 50 B.C. the Romans were conquered by the Etrurians, but the Etrurian king was later banished from Rome by the Romans.

After this, the Romans decided never to have a king and Rome became a republic. Two consuls were elected annually to rule over them. The consuls were supported by a senate of older, wise men.

Rome expanded rapidly. Tribes were conquered and a mighty empire was established to the East and the West and in North Africa. The provinces were governed by generals, e.g. Julius Caesar. The consuls eventually lost control over the generals and revolts and wars occurred.

When Julius Caesar attacked Rome in an effort to become king of the Empire, he was stabbed to death by his opponents in the senate hall in 44 B.C. Thus the republic came to an end. In 31 B.C. Octavianus (called Augustus) became the first emperor of the great Roman Empire.

But endless wars eventually brought the mighty Roman Empire to a fall. In A.D. 455 the Empire was attacked and conquered by a strong tribe, the Vandals ...

a) Now you know how the Roman Empire expanded. The following lovely legend tells you how the capital, Rome, received its name ...

Mars, the god of war, had to leave his two sons (Romulus and Remus) in a cradle next to the Tiber River. There a she-wolf found the two babies and fed them with her milk. One day a shepherd found the two babies alone a field. He took them and raised them as his sons. When they became adults, they built a city on the spot where the shepherd found them. The twins had a bitter quarrel one day and Romulus killed Remus. Afterwards Romulus named the city Rome, after himself.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Social sciences: history grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10988/1.2
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