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History

Grade 4

How transport has served mankind

Module 12

The story of the space race

Once people had managed to travel across continents and oceans, they started making attempts to travel through the skies and to reach the stars and the planets. In the beginning these efforts involved competition between individual people. Later the efforts became space expeditions undertaken by teams from different countries.

In this unit, we'll be doing exercises that will help you to have a better understanding of time.

The well-known French writer Jules Verne was a man with a remarkable imagination and great insight. He had written his famous book, From the Earth to the Moon, in 1866. Read the following extract from this amazing story.

Jules Verne

Activity 1

To understand time [lo 2.1]

A)read the following story and then work with a partner to match the sketches with the correct captions.

A group of artillery officers established the Cannon Club after the American Civil war. They hoped to launch a rocket that would reach the moon! Forty countries donated money for this project. The cannon that would launch the rocket weighed 68 000 tons. The projectile, which was named Columbiad, was as big as a railway carriage. A hole was dug in the ground to mount the cannon. (The launching was to take place near the town of Tampa, not far from the present Cape Kennedy.)

The three space travellers wore spacesuits consisting of top hats, trousers and jackets. Two dogs, Diana and Satellite, were to accompany them, because they expected to be breathing ordinary air. Gas was only used for lighting and heating. Meals consisted of roast potatoes and various tasty dishes.

When the massive cannon blasted the rocket into space, the space travellers lost consciousness for a while. The spectators who watched the launching lost their hearing and were deaf for a few days following the event, because of the level of the noise. The Colombiad orbited the moon several times. Because of the extreme cold on the dark side of the moon, ice formed inside the craft. The spacemen drew accurate maps of the moon and reported that there were no visible signs of life on the moon.

The Colombiad plunged into the Pacific Ocean at the end of its voyage and the crew was picked up out of the sea by an American warship. All the trains of the American railway system were taken out of service for four days so that the famous space travellers could travel through the country on a special train. They were received as heroes wherever they went.

1 2 3
4 5
a) The big day . . . . flags are fluttering . . . . everything is ready for the launch.
b) The space travellers go on board.
c) Inside the rocket.
d) The enormous cannon launches the Colombiad .
e) Return to earth.
  • Do you think the clothes that the spacemen wore would have been warm enough for their voyage?
  • Conduct a class quiz. Each team must work out questions about this amazing imagined flight.

B)study the following time line and sketches concerning the story of the space race. then do the activities that are suggested.

Activity 2

To understand time [lo 2.1]

A)arrange the sketches that are supplied in the correct sequence. you could summarise this illustration with the help of the information from the previous time line.

B)work in your groups to arrange the following sketches in the correct chronological sequence with the help of the clues given below.

1. Laika – the first space traveller. She was sent into space by the Soviets on 3 November 1957.
2. Skylab 1.
3. First American space travellers on the moon.
4. The first Soviet satellite, Sputnik 1.
5. Columbia space shuttle.
6. Terra Moon Hotel - grand opening on 1 January 2010.
  • What has become of Laika?

Assessment

LEARNING OUTCOME 2: HISTORICAL KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING The learner will be able to demonstrate historical knowledge and understanding.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner

2.1 understands chronology and time:

  • is able to use general concepts in stories about the past (old, new, before, after);
  • understands words such as history and archaeology ;
  • is able to arrange objects, artefacts and pictures in a particular order;
  • is able to demonstrate how, over time, certain aspects changed/remained the same;
  • begins to use words like past, myth, truth.

Memorandum

a) a) 2 d) 3

b) 4 e) 1

c) 5

a)

1. First people on the moon, 1969 5
2. Sputnik 1 – first satellite, 1957, (Oct) 1
3. Moon capsule, Eagle lands, 1969 4
4. First woman in space, 1963 3
5. Sputnik 2 with dog, 1957 (Nov) 2

b) 5, 3, 4, 6, 2, 1

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11089/1.1
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