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Social sciences: history

Grade 5

An early african community: people of s.a.

Module 12

Music from africa

This theme literally comes to an end with a song in the heart. The people who live in South Africa enjoy living, eating and singing together!

It is to be expected that a country that has such a wide variety of people would also have a wide variety of music. South African music is varied and ranges from that which the San produce on the single-stringed goura to the pulsating rhythm of the mbqanga in many black townships, from the lively folk music of the Cape Coons to symphony orchestras and to the drumming of workers drumming out rhythms on oil drums and rubbish bins.

Activity 1:

To use sources for finding out about the music of different groups

[lo 1.2]

a) San and the Khoina

The San made musical instruments from natural materials. This means that they fastened beads that rattled round their ankles when they danced and that the bow used for hunting was adapted slightly for making music. To play this instrument, which they called a goura, a light stick was beaten against the strings. Nowadays the San also use materials like tin cans and copper wire for making musical instruments.

The Khoina played flutes made from reeds of different lengths. (Can you make a suggestion about what they might have used if they had not had reeds?) They also made drums by stretching animal hides across clay pots.

San

Khoina

Form groups to undertake the following research:

Which sources would you consult to find information?

Ask your educator to explain how to use a library catalogue.

A gorah and a home-made guitar are examples of string instruments. Provide the names of three more string instruments and draw a simple sketch to illustrate them.

xylophone

Nguni drum

b) Black peoples

The only people in South Africa who actually were drummers by tradition were the Venda, the Pedi and the Tsonga. The Nguni peoples, like the Xhosas and the Zulus, beat their weapons against their ox-hide shields, or banged their shields against the ground while singing war songs. These Nguni people only started making drums from hides much later, and used drumsticks to play these drums.

The xylophone is another indigenous musical instrument. Its name is derived from Greek words meaning “wood” and “sound”. It consists of wooden blocks of different lengths that are struck with knobbed sticks to produce different sounds. Sometimes gourds are attached below the wooden blocks to increase the volume of the sound that is produced.

The Tsongas and the Vendas also used xylophones with fixed keyboards. Some black nations used the horns of animals, which they blew from the side like early players of the reed flute.

Gorah

Your friend Ben, who lives in Soweto, plans to give you one of his people's typical traditional musical instruments as a birthday present. Do some research to get information about such instruments and provide him with a list of five instruments in your order of preference. Also explain why you have arranged your selection as you have done.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Social sciences: history grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10988/1.2
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