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Technology

Grade 6

Baking

Module 1

Processing

PRIOR KN0WLEDGE

  1. This module involves the changes that one type of material or several types of material can undergo to form a new product. We call this PROCESSING. In this module we will look specifically at processing FOOD. A variety of ingredients are needed for the purpose.

Examples of processing

Ingredients used Processing New Product
sweet corn, cream, milk, flavourants add, simmer, stir soup
eggs, milk, flavourants, butter melt, beat, add omelette
eggs, sugar, butter, milk, flour, cocoa, salt, baking powder, essence beat, add, melt, sieve, fold in, add, mix, place in, bowl, turn out a chocolate sponge cake

Assignment

  1. COMPLETE ON YOUR OWN:
  1. Use any recipe book or a magazine with recipes. Select any recipe and completeyour own table:
  2. Write down all the equipment that you need to prepare your product:

Source of reference:

[LO 2.2]

Assignment

  1. Use any explanatory dictionary and write down the meaning of each of the following processes for preparing food:
  • blanch .
  • chop .
  • beat .
  • marinate .
  • decorate .

Source consulted: …………………..

Can you think of other processes? Write down as many as you can:

[LO 1.3]

  1. When we prepare food, we call the materials we use ingredients . These can be vegetable (from plants) or animal (from animals). Go home and open your mother’s food cupboard and fridge. Complete the following table by writing down at least five examples of each.
VEGETABLE INGREDIENTS ANIMAL INGREDIENTS
e.g. Flour Milk
  1. These ingredients must be stored in the most suitable packaging so that the food can retain its nutritional value for as long as possible, and does not dry out, become moist or start to smell bad .

[LO 1.2]

Link each type of food with the most suitable packaging to ensure the above:

TYPE OF FOOD PACKAGING
  1. Flour
Plastic bag
  1. Bread
Tin
  1. Milk
Polystyrenecontainer
  1. Butter
Airtight container
  1. Cannedsardines
Plastic bottle
  1. Gravy powder
Cardboard box
G Apples Plasticcontainer
H Canned peaches Paper bag
I Pizza Flat carton
Tin

[LO 2.2]

  1. MEASURING UNITS FOR INGREDIENTS

Assignment

In what unit would you measure the following ingredients and what equipment would you use? Circle the correct answer.

INGREDIENT UNIT EQUIPMENT
  1. milk
mℓ, g measuring jug/scale
  1. sugar
mℓ, g measuring jug/scale
  1. baking powder
mℓ, g measuring jug/scale
  1. butter
mℓ, g measuring jug/scale
  1. vanilla essence
mℓ, g measuring jug/scale

Conclusion:

Fluids are usually measured in a measuring jug. Solids are measured on a scale to determine the correct mass. Recipe books nowadays indicate all the ingredients in measure of capacity because it is quicker to use measuring jugs and spoons than weighing each ingredient on a scale.

Assessment

Learning Outcomes(LOs)

LO 1

TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES AND SKILLS

The learner will be able to apply technological processes and skills ethically and responsibly using appropriate information and communication technologies

Assessment Standards(ASs)

We know this when the learner:

1.2 finds out about existing products relevant to a problem, need or opportunity, and identifies and compares their design aspects (e.g. who it is for, what it is for, what it looks like, what it is made of, how well it works, whether it will affect the environment);

1.3 performs, where appropriate, scientific investigations about concepts relevant to a problem, need or opportunity using science process skills;

1.4 writes or communicates a design brief for the development of a product related to a given problem, need or opportunity that clarifies the technological purposes of the solution;

1.5 suggests and records at least two alternative solutions to the problem, need or opportunity that link clearly to the design brief and to given specifications and constraints (e.g. people, purpose, safety, environmental impact, appearance);

1.7 develops plans that detail the making steps, including drawings and sketches that help to clarify the plans;

1.8 chooses and uses suitable tools to make products by measuring, marking out, cutting or separating, shaping or forming, joining or combining, and finishing the chosen materials;

1.9 works efficiently and safely;

1.10 evaluates the product according to the design brief and given specifications and constraints (e.g. people, purpose, environmental impact, safety, appearance), and suggests improvements and modifications if necessary;

1.11 evaluates the plan of action followed and suggests improvements and modifications if necessary;

1.12 draws appropriate sketches (e.g. labelled two-dimensional drawings of ideas, enhanced drawings of final solutions and drawings showing measurements) to communicate different information appropriately and effectively.

LO 2

TECHNOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING

The learner will be able to understand and apply relevant technological knowledge ethically and

We know this when the learner:

2.2 demonstrates knowledge and understanding of the reasons for the deterioration of different materials, and ways of preserving them (e.g. drying, coating, canning, sealing).

Memorandum

(b)

1. Learners’ own answers.

2. Own answers.

Vegetative Animal
rice, cocoa, spaghetti, fruit, bread, jam vegetables, cooking oil, sugar, etc. meat, eggs, butter, cream, cheese, yoghurt, fish, etc..
(d)

(e) (a) cardboard box

(b) airtight container

(c) plastic bottle

(d) plastic container

(e) tin

(f) plastic bag

(f) (1) ml measuring jug

(2) g measuring jug; scale

(3) ml/g measuring jug; measuring spoon

(4) g scale

(5) ml measuring jug; measuring spoon

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
is this allso about nanoscale material
Almas
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where is the latest information on a no technology how can I find it
William
currently
William
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
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Source:  OpenStax, Technology grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11005/1.1
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