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English first additional language

Grade 6

Module 18

To develop vocabulary

Activity 1:

To develop vocabulary

[lo 6.4.2]

Most of the animals that we are discussing in this module make a noise of some sort! When the words used to describe these noises, sound similar to the noises they describe, it is called onomatopoeia . We are going to learn about these words now.

Match the animals with the sound they make. Write the correct answers, in full sentences, on the lines below.

  1. sheep
  1. bray
  1. snakes
  1. trumpet
  1. turkeys
  1. bleat
  1. donkeys
  1. purr
  1. elephants
  1. howl
  1. cats
  1. hiss
  1. pigs
  1. croak
  1. wolves
  1. chatter
  1. frogs
  1. grunt
  1. monkeys
  1. gobble
1. A sheep 6.
2. 7.
3. 8.
4. 9.
5. 10.

That was good work! Let us build on your vocabulary a little more.

When we speak about animals, we use different words to refer to the male, female and babies in the animal family. Complete the below, using the words provided:

Animal Male Female Baby
Pig boar piglet
Cow cow calf
Sheep ram lamb
Dog dog bitch
Hen hen chicken
Horse stallion mare
Elephant bull calf
Lion lion lioness
Swan cob pen
Goose goose gosling

Choose the words from this table. Cross them out as you fill them into the table above.

Sow cub puppy
rooster ewe gander bull
Foal cow cygnet
Criteria 1 2 3 4
Matching of correct vocabulary Poor, assistance required In some contexts only Good Excellent
Thoroughness Poor effort, lack of interest Lack of consistent effort, interest waning Thorough, tackled with interest Extremely thorough, enthusiastically tackled
Neatness Untidy Presentation inconsistent, greater care needed Good presentation Excellent presentation, great care taken


LANGUAGE STRUCTURE AND USE The learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language to create and interpret texts.
We know this when the learner:
6.2 uses language forms and structures to communicate orally and in writing:
6.2.4 uses comparatives;
6.4 develops own vocabulary:
6.4.2 recognises words which sound the same but are spelled differently;
6.4.4 understands between 4 000 and 5 500 common spoken words in context by the end of grade 6.


This activity focuses on the sounds that animals make. Ensure that learners understand the word ONOMATOPOEIA.

(Words that sound similar to the sound they describe.) The learners are given two lists – they must match the correct sound to the animal that makes that sound. Go through the list with the learners before they begin. Talk about the sound of the words and what each one means. (This could get a little noisy as the learners experiment with the sounds!)

1. A sheep BLEATS. 6. Cats PURR.
2. Snakes HISS. 7. Pigs GRUNT.
3. Turkeys GOBBLE. 8. Wolves HOWL.
4. Donkeys BRAY. 9. Frogs CROAK.
5. Elephants TRUMPET. 10. Monkeys CHATTER.

The next part of the activity is still focused on developing vocabulary, but this time we are looking at the words used to refer to males, females and babies in the animal families. The learners are provided with the words they need and must match the correct word with the correct family. Once again, this could be done individually or in partners. Learners must understand that when they work together, they have to agree on an answer that they will both use. If this answer is wrong, they will both be affected in the assessment. It is one of the difficult lessons to learn when working with another person or in a group.

Animal Male Female Baby
Pig boar SOW piglet
Cow BULL cow calf
Sheep ram EWE lamb
Dog dog bitch PUPPY
Hen ROOSTER hen chicken
Horse stallion mare FOAL
Elephant bull COW calf
Lion lion lioness CUB
Swan cob pen CYGNET
Goose goose GANDER gosling

Make use of the Assessment Chart at the end of the activity once you have marked the answers. Be sure to point out to the learners that they will be assessed on neatness and thoroughness.

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 07, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10998/1.1
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