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PACE, PAUSING and EMPHASIS

A too fast / too slow speech is uncomfortable.

EYE-CONTACT

Involve your audience. Speak to, not at them.

ENTHUSIASM CONVICTION SINCERITY

Believe in what you are saying. Instant impact results from ‘light’ in your voice (speaking as if you are excited).

STYLE

A warlike style, while impressive, is not tasteful. Do not be apologetic. Develop a personal style. Your appearance (clothes, make-up, hair, . . .) shows good or bad taste.

USE OF NOTES

Small notes (cards) are used; with notes written on one side only. Refer to them but DO NOT READ!

PREPARATION

Prepare. Practise. Know the development of your ideas and the opening and closing remarks well.

REGISTER

Show an awareness of your audience and situation.

MANNERISMS

Avoid these irritating habits. Notice them.

USE OF LANGUAGE

This conveys your maturity, knowledge, values and back

ground. Using swearing, rude words, and profanity is never clever. Simplicity is the key word. Avoid trying to be superior.

Activity 6:

The educator can evaluate the speech but perhaps it is better if a member of the class does the assessment, then the speaker and the assessor gain experience.

So, before starting individual speeches, let us examine . . .

the technique of evaluating

  • Learn to write down your evaluation or to keep a list ready
  1. Use the list of oratory manners.

2. Use your eyes and your ears.

3. Do not pass judgement. Be constructive.

4. Start with good points, suggest improvements for poorer points and end with a good point.

“I enjoyed . . .” OR “I think . . . was very good because . . .”

5. Give constructive advice; be helpful and friendly:

Avoid Rather start with
You should have . . . What could help is to . . .
You failed to . . . I suggest that you try to . . .
You didn’t . . . Perhaps you could try to . . .
You must not forget to . . .
What was awful was . . .

6 Give an overall assessment which is positive, LIKE THIS e.g.

The speaker is very confident. The speaker is good. The speaker will improve with practice.
The speaker uses excellent oratory techniques. The speaker uses a few oratory techniques The speaker needs to use oratory techniques more confidently.

Assessment

Learning outcomes(LOs)

LO 1 Listening

The learner will be able to listen for enjoyment, and respond appropriately and critically in a wide range of situations.

Assessment standards(ASs)

We know this when the learner:

1.5 identifies the speaker’s reasons for choosing particular words, phrases and sentences to influence the listener and explains their impact.

LO 2 Speaking

The learner will be able to communicate confidently and effectively in spoken language in a wide range of situations.

We know this when the learner:

2.6 identifies and discusses the features which contribute to the success of own

LO 4 Writing

The learner will be able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes.

We know this when the learner:

4.4 uses the writing process collaboratively and independently to generate texts:

4.4.1 selects and explores topics through brainstorming, using mind maps and lists;

Memorandum

ACTIVITY 1:

  • In the next list, the PERCEPTIONS are ALL FALSE !

It is important that pupils realize / take in / become aware that ALL speakers have fears. Explain about TOP athletes at the Olympic Games who also make mistakes.

EVERYBODY makes mistakes BUT they learn from them and carry on!

Deal with each one and explain how WRONG the PERCEPTIONS are. So they need not fear.

ACTIVITY 2:

  • Illustration of HOW SOUND IS MADE .

The importance of this illustration is to show that as all the learners have all their faculties and physical qualities necessary for speech, there is NO reason why they cannot speak properly. If a learner has a cleft palate then (s)he has a reason for making a different sound.

It is also important that learners realize that this is partly Biology!

ACTIVITY 3:

  • FUN WITH SOUNDS can be VERY NOISY.

However, the important lesson is for them to open up to good enunciation and audibility and for them to realize that EVERY learner can be a public-speaker. It has more to do with SOUND than CONFIDENCE. Most pupils just need to learn to OPEN their mouths properly.

ACTIVITY 4: Class discussion about the gift of speech

Perhaps let the conversation come around to some of the following issues: We are the only animals that use words to communicate; words have impact; words can wound or inspire; . . .

ACTIVITY 5: Ways of teaching oratory manners:

Let each pupil take a separate item. Let each do an activity wrongly and ask the class to identify what is wrong. When they do, ask them for the correct method. Then consolidate at the end. Explain that these “rules” should always be considered in spoken language.

ACTIVITY 6: The technique of evaluating

Go over the positive aspects of this technique and encourage its use in oral exercises.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English home language grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11041/1.1
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