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English first additional language

Story time

Educator section


In Grade 3 learners continue to expand their vocabulary by listening and reading a variety of texts such as poem, stories, riddles and doing word puzzles.

These modules consolidate and revise the vocabulary and phonics introduced in Grade 2. More opportunities are given for written work producing longer texts of more varied kinds. Learners should not be afraid to make mistakes as the building of confidence and fluency should take priority above perfect written work.

Time scheduled for the modules

All learners should work through all eight modules as the phonics and spelling requirements are spread over these modules. The educator should however allow learners to complete them at their own pace namely ± two modules per term.

The story of “The three Billy Goats Gruff” allows for questions to the answered, missing words to be filled into sentences and illustrations to be made.

Many new concepts and ideas are introduced in the poem “Story time” and educators can use these to initiate interesting discussions.

Integration of themes

  • A Healthy environment

The dangers which the three Billy Goats had to overcome can lead to dangers in the learners’ environment and means by which to overcome or avoid these.

  • Human rights

The goats were in search of good food. Children should be cared for and food should be available for everyone.

  • Social Justice

Privileges should not only be for a few but should be for everyone.

Leaner section


  • Listen to the story several times.
  • Read it with the class.
  • Now see whether you can read it by yourself.

The three little goats

One day there were three goats.

The smallest goat was called Little Billy Goat Gruff.

The middle-sized goat was called Big Billy Goat Gruff.

The biggest goat was called Great Big Billy Goat Gruff.

  • Draw the three goats.

These three goats lived in a field.

They ate the fresh green grass.

Near the field was a river.

There was a bridge over the river.

  • Draw the field, the river and the bridge.
LO 1.1 LO 3.2.5 LO 3.8.1

Under the bridge lived an angry old dwarf.

He would not let anyone cross his bridge.

  • Draw the old dwarf who lived under the bridge.

One day the grass became dry and the goats had nothing to eat.

Little Billy Goat Gruff said, “See the nice green grass and the red apples on the other side of the bridge. I am going to cross the bridge.”

“The angry old dwarf will not let you cross the bridge", said Big Billy Goat Gruff.

“I am not afraid of him," said Little Billy Goat Gruff.

He ran trip-trap, trip-trap over the bridge.

  • Draw Little Billy Goat Gruff crossing the bridge.
LO 1.1 LO 3.8.1

The angry old dwarf said, “Who runs trip-trap trip-trap over my bridge?"

“It is I, Little Billy Goat Gruff.”

“I am going to eat you!" said the angry old dwarf.

“No", said Little Billy Goat Gruff, “do not eat me, eat Big Billy Goat Gruff when he comes over your bridge. He is much bigger than me.”

“Very well", said the dwarf.

Little Billy Goat Gruff ran over the bridge and ate the nice green grass and the red apples.

Questions & Answers

what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 3. OpenStax CNX. Sep 22, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11118/1.1
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