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English home language

Grade 5

Tickle your taste buds

Module 16

Spelling and the dictionary

Can you still remember how to spell?

Both ‘c’ and ‘g’ have a hard and a soft sound!

Sound these words out loud. Which vowel follows the ‘c’ and the ‘g’ in these words?

colour gone copper
gate gold gutter
cutlery cup collar
cattle college gap

When ’c’ or ‘g’ are followed by __, __ or __, they have a hard sound.

When ‘c’ or ‘g’ are followed by __ or __, they usually have a soft sound.

Fill in the missing vowels and match the correct word to the picture:

c__metry
c__ntury
g__raffe
c__rcle
g__ant
c__rcus
C__g__rette
eng_ne

[LO 6.1.4]

USING THE DICTIONARYTO UNDERSTAND PARTS OF SPEECH

The dictionary divides the entry words into eight groups called parts of speech:

adjective - adj noun – n verb – v adverb – adv
preposition – prep Conjunction – conj pronoun - pron interjection - interj
  1. The part of speech is abbreviated and can appear at the beginning of an entry or near the end. What part of speech is the word barn?

barn (barn) n. a building used to shelter farm animals and to store grain.

2. Many words (like the word barn) are always the same part of speech. Some words, however, change from one part of speech to another. This depends on how the words are used in sentences.

coop (coop) n. 1. a pen for keeping animals such as rabbits or chickens; -v 2. to put or confine in a coop; 3. to keep in a small area. (The dog was cooped up all day in the house.)

The word coop is a verb in meaning nr _ and _, and a noun in meaning nr _.

3. Look up the word light . Write a short sentence using light as a:

(a) noun
(b) verb
(c) adjective

USING ENTRIES TO FIND INFORMATION

As we all have dictionaries, I will supply you with the definitions for this exercise.

beard /beerd/ n&v *n 1. hair growing on the chin and lower cheeks of the face. 2. a similar tuft or part on an animal (esp. a goat). * v.tr oppose openly; defy. bearded adj. beardless adj. gaff /gaf/ n&v *,. 1a . a stick with an iron hook for landing large fish. b. a barbed fishing spear. 2 . a spar to which the head of a fore- and –aft sail is bent. * v. tr . Seize (a fish) with a gaff.
cookhouse /kook-howss/ n . 1 . a camp kitchen 2 . an outdoor kitchen in warm countries. 3 . a ship’s galley. teacake /teekayk/ n . British . a light yeastbased usually sweet bun eaten at tea, often toasted.

4. Look at the word beard .

(a) What does it mean?

(b) What part of speech is it?

(c) What is the adjective form of the word?

5. How many meanings does cookhouse have?

6. Look at the word gaff .

(a) What does the “n” and “v” stand for?

(b) How many definitions are listed?

7. From which language is teacake derived?

8. Any entry word may be listed more than once. The multiple entries are called homographs. Homographs are words which are spelled alike, but have different meanings and origins. Look at the word gall.

A: gall /gawl/ n . 1 . Impudence 2 . asperity, rancour. 3 . bitterness, anything bitter. 4. the bile of animals. 5 . the gall-bladder and its contents.

B: gall /gawl/ n&v * 1 . sore on the skin made by chaffing. 2 . a place rubbed bare. * v. tr . 1. injure by rubbing. 2. vex, annoy, humiliate.

C: gall /gawl/ n . 1 . a growth caused by insects or fungus on plants and trees, esp. oak.

(a) Which gall is produced in the body? A B C
(b) Which gall swells up leaves of plants? A B C
(c) Which gall hurts? A B C
(d) Which gall is caused by irritation? A B C

9. Use your dictionary to find these words which all begin with ‘tu’.

(a) smart jacket for formal occasions: tu __ __ __ __

(b) a greenish blue colour: tur __ __ __ __ __ __

(c) a tasty fish: tu __ __

(d) someone who teaches or instructs: tut __ __

(e) a kind of headdress: tu __ __ __ __

(f) small tower: tur __ __ __

(g) a water tortoise: tur __ __ __

(h) stiff net skirt worn by ballet dancers: tu __ __

[LO 6.1.1; 6.1.3; 6.1.4]

Assessment

LO 6

LANGUAGE STRUCTURE AND USE The learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language to create and interpret texts.

We know this when the learner:

6.1 works with words:

6.1.1 uses prefixes, stems and suffixes/extensions to form words;

6.1.3 records words in a personal dictionary;

6.1.4 uses phonics and spelling rules to spell words correctly;

6.2 works with sentences:

6.2.3 identifies and uses nouns, pronouns, prepositions, articles and conjunctions;

6.2.6 consolidates use of punctuation learned so far.

6.4 develops awareness and use of style:

6.4.1 uses language appropriate for the audience, purpose and context (e.g.

formal / informal register);

Memorandum

C and g: When ’c’ or ‘g’ are followed by a, o or u they have a hard sound.

When followed by e or i, they have a soft sound.

c e metery
c e ntury
g i raffe
c i rcle
g i ant
c i rcus
c i garette
eng i ne

Dictionary

  1. noun
  2. The word coop is a verb in meaning nr 2 and 3 and a noun in meaning nr 1.

Look at the word beard .

  • What does it mean?
hair growing on the chin of a man or a goat
  • What part of speech is beard ?
noun
  • What is the adjective form of the word?
bearded / beardless
5. How many meanings does cookhouse have? 3
  • From which language is teacake derived?
British
  1. Which gall is produced in the body?
A
  1. Which gall swells up leaves of plants?
C
  1. Which gall hurts?
B
  1. Which gall is caused by irritation?
B

Nr 8

Use your dictionary to find these words which all begin with ‘tu’ .

  • smart jacket for formal occasions: tu xedo
  • a greenish blue colour: tur quoise
  • a tasty fish (delicious when tinned): tu na
  • someone who teaches or instructs: tut or
  • a kind of headdress: tu rban
  • small tower: tur ret
  • a water tortoise: tur tle
  • stiff net skirt worn by ballet dancers: tu tu

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English home language grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 22, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10991/1.2
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