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Geography

Grade 4

Resources and services within a settlement

Municipal services

Module 18

Municipal services

A variety of services are rendered to the community by the local government (municipality). Can you think of activities that municipal workers are involved in on a regular basis in your neighbourhood?

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Activity 1

To determine the services that people expect from the municipal authorities [lo 2.2, 2.3]

Divide the class into groups and undertake an OPINION POLL amongst GROWN-UPS to determine what people expect of a local government. Ensure that people of a lower, middle and higher income-group are interviewed.

Include the following questions:

  • Give FOUR REASONS why you would rather live in an URBAN ENVIRONMENT than in the country.
  • What FOUR SERVICES, according to you, are the MOST IMPORTANT that a municipality must render?
  • Which municipal services, do you think, are UNNECESSARY?
  • ALSO INCLUDE A QUESTION OR TWO OF YOUR OWN CHOICE

Make a list of at least six services that people expect of their local municipality.

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The services in a well planned city or large town

Activity 2

To determine which services are the most important [lo 3.2, 3.3]

Housing
Electricity supply
Land for education
Industrial land
Recreational areas
Sewerage
Refuse management
Business centres
Transport services
Water supply
Have a quick group discussion and decide on the importance of each of these services. Rate them on a scale of 1 (most important) to 9.A spokesperson for each group must then point out their three most important services and the least important one and also motivate the choice.

Assessment

Learning outcome 2: geographical knowledge and understanding

The learner will be able to demonstrate geographical and environmental knowledge and understanding.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

  • describes the importance of access to resources and services for people living in settlements;

2.3 describes how basic human needs were met in the past and at present.

Learning outcome 3: exploring issues

The learner will be able to make informed decisions about social and environmental issues and problems.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

3.2 identifies the factors that influence why some people have better access to resources compared to others in a particular context;

  • suggests ways to improve access to resources in a particular context.

Memorandum

Municipal services

  • Refuse removal
  • Build and repair roads
  • Parks
  • Cut grass on sidewalks
  • Sweep streets

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11084/1.1
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