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Geography

Grade 4

Resources and services within a settlement

Municipal services

Module 18

Municipal services

A variety of services are rendered to the community by the local government (municipality). Can you think of activities that municipal workers are involved in on a regular basis in your neighbourhood?

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Activity 1

To determine the services that people expect from the municipal authorities [lo 2.2, 2.3]

Divide the class into groups and undertake an OPINION POLL amongst GROWN-UPS to determine what people expect of a local government. Ensure that people of a lower, middle and higher income-group are interviewed.

Include the following questions:

  • Give FOUR REASONS why you would rather live in an URBAN ENVIRONMENT than in the country.
  • What FOUR SERVICES, according to you, are the MOST IMPORTANT that a municipality must render?
  • Which municipal services, do you think, are UNNECESSARY?
  • ALSO INCLUDE A QUESTION OR TWO OF YOUR OWN CHOICE

Make a list of at least six services that people expect of their local municipality.

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The services in a well planned city or large town

Activity 2

To determine which services are the most important [lo 3.2, 3.3]

Housing
Electricity supply
Land for education
Industrial land
Recreational areas
Sewerage
Refuse management
Business centres
Transport services
Water supply
Have a quick group discussion and decide on the importance of each of these services. Rate them on a scale of 1 (most important) to 9.A spokesperson for each group must then point out their three most important services and the least important one and also motivate the choice.

Assessment

Learning outcome 2: geographical knowledge and understanding

The learner will be able to demonstrate geographical and environmental knowledge and understanding.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

  • describes the importance of access to resources and services for people living in settlements;

2.3 describes how basic human needs were met in the past and at present.

Learning outcome 3: exploring issues

The learner will be able to make informed decisions about social and environmental issues and problems.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

3.2 identifies the factors that influence why some people have better access to resources compared to others in a particular context;

  • suggests ways to improve access to resources in a particular context.

Memorandum

Municipal services

  • Refuse removal
  • Build and repair roads
  • Parks
  • Cut grass on sidewalks
  • Sweep streets

Questions & Answers

What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11084/1.1
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