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Although we do not communicate by means of such sophisticated technology as that which was used on board the space station, we can also “link up” with our friends through the telephone and if we’re fortunate enough, through e-mail.

Role-play the following situations with one of your classmates:

  • Make a telephone call to your friend to ask him/her to explain how to get to a certain shopping mall. He/she must explain clearly, so that you can write down the directions. Unfortunately the line is rather bad, so he/she will have to repeat some of the directions.
  • You are in a restaurant with friends. Your friend phones you on your cellular phone. Bearing in mind the principles of telephone etiquette, act out what you would do in such circumstances. Have a conversation with your friend that lasts for about one minute.
  • Make a phone call to your father’s office. He is not available, so you have to leave a message with his secretary to ask whether he can fetch your bicycle from the repair shop.

What is the term is that is used for newly-created words ?

  1. What does “to coin a word/phrase/expression” mean?
  2. See how many such “new” words you can write down. To find them, read the newspapers, magazines and listen to the radio or even to your friends as they speak. Television programmes could also be useful.
LO 3.1 LO 3.4 LO 3.6
LO 3.8 LO 6.8


Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 1
LISTENINGThe learner will be able to listen for information and enjoyment, and respond appropriately and critically in a wide range of situations.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.3 listens for specific information;
1.4 listens actively in a discussion.
LO 2
SPEAKINGThe learner will be able to communicate confidently and effectively in spoken language in a wide range of situations.
We know this when the learner:
2.1 translates;
2.2 interacts in additional language.
LO 3
READING AND VIEWINGThe learner will be able to read and view for information and enjoyment, and respond critically to the aesthetic, cultural and emotional values in texts.
We know this when the learner:
3.1 reads a text (fiction or non-fiction);
3.2 understands in a simple way some elements of poetry (e.g. simile, rhyme, alteration, personification), and understands some of the terms used to describe these elements (e.g. personification);
3.4 reads for information;
3.6 uses reading strategies;
3.8 shows some understanding of how refenece books work.
LO 4
WRITINGThe learner will be able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes.
We know this when the learner:
4.5 designs media texts;
4.6 treats writing as a process;
4.7 uses developing knowledge of language structure and use.
LO 5
THINKING AND REASONINGThe learner is able to use language to think and reason, as well as to access, process and use information for learning.
We know this when the learner:
5.1 uses language and literacy across the curriculum;
5.2 uses language for thinking;
5.3 collects and records information in different ways.
LO 6
LANGUAGE STRUCTURE AND USEThe learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language to create and interpret texts.
We know this when the learner:
6.1 revises the grammar learned in the earlier grades;
6.3 extends use of prepositions, determiners, adjectives and adverbs;
6.6 understnads and uses the first conditional (e.g. ‘If the lens is dirty, the camera won’t work.’);
6.7 uses some language to talk about language (metalanguage – terms such as verb, noun, adverb, adjective);
6.8 explains vocabulary (e.g. by working with word families: happy, unhappy, happiness, unhappiness, happily).


Activity 1

(a) a young unmarried man who is considered to be a good “catch” in terms of marriage

(b) a “young upwardly mobile professional person”, i.e. one who has a promising career and is making quite a lot of money

(c) see b.

(d) He / she has become arrogant or conceited about his / her success.

(e) Nerd: a dull and bookish person; usually a male.

(f) Cool: good, excellent. (Depending on context it could also mean mellow.)

(g) Dishy: very handsome

(h) Any five words of their own.

(i) Electronic trading, i.e. buy and selling via the Internet

(j) It sounds like “thought”, so the implication is that the intellect is involved.

(k) Any suitable adjective

Activity 3


(a) Role-play

(b) Conversation

(c) Message


(a) Astronaut and cosmonaut both mean “space traveller”, but

astronaut is American (eng.) and cosmonaut is used for Russian space travellers.

(b) Afronaut is a neologism meaning an astronaut or cosmonaut from Africa.

(c) As in b), but playfully suggesting the space traveller is a “Boer”.

3. neologism

4. own new words

Questions & Answers

are nano particles real
Missy Reply
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 09, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11019/1.1
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