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Although we do not communicate by means of such sophisticated technology as that which was used on board the space station, we can also “link up” with our friends through the telephone and if we’re fortunate enough, through e-mail.

Role-play the following situations with one of your classmates:

  • Make a telephone call to your friend to ask him/her to explain how to get to a certain shopping mall. He/she must explain clearly, so that you can write down the directions. Unfortunately the line is rather bad, so he/she will have to repeat some of the directions.
  • You are in a restaurant with friends. Your friend phones you on your cellular phone. Bearing in mind the principles of telephone etiquette, act out what you would do in such circumstances. Have a conversation with your friend that lasts for about one minute.
  • Make a phone call to your father’s office. He is not available, so you have to leave a message with his secretary to ask whether he can fetch your bicycle from the repair shop.

What is the term is that is used for newly-created words ?

  1. What does “to coin a word/phrase/expression” mean?
  2. See how many such “new” words you can write down. To find them, read the newspapers, magazines and listen to the radio or even to your friends as they speak. Television programmes could also be useful.
LO 3.1 LO 3.4 LO 3.6
LO 3.8 LO 6.8


Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 1
LISTENINGThe learner will be able to listen for information and enjoyment, and respond appropriately and critically in a wide range of situations.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.3 listens for specific information;
1.4 listens actively in a discussion.
LO 2
SPEAKINGThe learner will be able to communicate confidently and effectively in spoken language in a wide range of situations.
We know this when the learner:
2.1 translates;
2.2 interacts in additional language.
LO 3
READING AND VIEWINGThe learner will be able to read and view for information and enjoyment, and respond critically to the aesthetic, cultural and emotional values in texts.
We know this when the learner:
3.1 reads a text (fiction or non-fiction);
3.2 understands in a simple way some elements of poetry (e.g. simile, rhyme, alteration, personification), and understands some of the terms used to describe these elements (e.g. personification);
3.4 reads for information;
3.6 uses reading strategies;
3.8 shows some understanding of how refenece books work.
LO 4
WRITINGThe learner will be able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes.
We know this when the learner:
4.5 designs media texts;
4.6 treats writing as a process;
4.7 uses developing knowledge of language structure and use.
LO 5
THINKING AND REASONINGThe learner is able to use language to think and reason, as well as to access, process and use information for learning.
We know this when the learner:
5.1 uses language and literacy across the curriculum;
5.2 uses language for thinking;
5.3 collects and records information in different ways.
LO 6
LANGUAGE STRUCTURE AND USEThe learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language to create and interpret texts.
We know this when the learner:
6.1 revises the grammar learned in the earlier grades;
6.3 extends use of prepositions, determiners, adjectives and adverbs;
6.6 understnads and uses the first conditional (e.g. ‘If the lens is dirty, the camera won’t work.’);
6.7 uses some language to talk about language (metalanguage – terms such as verb, noun, adverb, adjective);
6.8 explains vocabulary (e.g. by working with word families: happy, unhappy, happiness, unhappiness, happily).


Activity 1

(a) a young unmarried man who is considered to be a good “catch” in terms of marriage

(b) a “young upwardly mobile professional person”, i.e. one who has a promising career and is making quite a lot of money

(c) see b.

(d) He / she has become arrogant or conceited about his / her success.

(e) Nerd: a dull and bookish person; usually a male.

(f) Cool: good, excellent. (Depending on context it could also mean mellow.)

(g) Dishy: very handsome

(h) Any five words of their own.

(i) Electronic trading, i.e. buy and selling via the Internet

(j) It sounds like “thought”, so the implication is that the intellect is involved.

(k) Any suitable adjective

Activity 3


(a) Role-play

(b) Conversation

(c) Message


(a) Astronaut and cosmonaut both mean “space traveller”, but

astronaut is American (eng.) and cosmonaut is used for Russian space travellers.

(b) Afronaut is a neologism meaning an astronaut or cosmonaut from Africa.

(c) As in b), but playfully suggesting the space traveller is a “Boer”.

3. neologism

4. own new words

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 09, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11019/1.1
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