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To the Educator:

Draw up a list of four rights that you think learners in your school should be able to claim. Discuss these with the class and then, with their suggestions, draw up one list for the class as a whole.

[LO 1.1]

Our responsibility to the government

One of our most important responsibilities towards the government is to help with the maintenance of facilities , like roads, buildings, recreational facilities, services like education and health, and many more. Money is needed to keep these in a good condition and every citizen of the country who earns a salary, therefore has to help to provide the money by paying tax .

Besides people having to pay tax annually on income and property, all of us also pay tax on almost everything we buy.

  1. Study the following till slip:



  1. Answer the following questions about the till slip after you have discussed it in your groups:

How is the tax amount indicated on this slip?

What do you see as the reason why no tax is raised on some articles?

Why is it important that all the citizens of a country pay tax?

How will the quality of our lives be affected if nobody paid tax?

What is the percentage tax that is added on taxable items at present?

[LO 1.4]

See if you are able to calculate the tax on the following items with the help of your pocket calculator:

Takkies @ R195

Computer @ R5 600

New school case @ R60

  1. The following is a typical quote made out to a client for services / products rendered. Read it carefully and look at the fine print on the left at the bottom in particular.

PO Box 171



Phone 891 5555

Client : ____________________________

Address : ____________________________


Quantity: 4 205/60 Goodyear tyres…..R1 540,00

Quotation accepted: ______________________

All prices exclude VAT

No tax is included in this quote. The amount that the client will eventually pay will therefore be the quoted amount + the tax that has to be added to the amount. Many people are caught out in this way, because the percentage in tax that has to be added to large amounts can make a big difference to the amount quoted in the beginning.

Most businesses therefore try to make things simpler for their clients by adding the tax amount to all prices, so that clients will know from the beginning precisely what the article will cost in the end.

My existence

All of us dream dreams – perhaps you dream about your first salary cheque and what you would buy with it. You fantasize about your dream car, about an overseas trip, about the dream house in which you want to live one day. But when you open your eyes, you still are a youngster.

How do you feel about the quality of your life as it is now? Are you satisfied or are there things you would like to change? What do you see as the factors that influence you present standard of living and what do you think you can do to change or improve it? Is there any chance that your dreams may be realised? Why do you feel this way?

Write a paragraph or two to describe your existence in terms of the above guidelines.

[LO 1.1]


LO 1

THE ECONOMIC CYCLE The learner is able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the economic cycle within the context of the economic problem.

We know this when the learner:

1.1 differentiates between the different levels of needs that people have, and explains how these might be satisfied;

1.2 identifies and describes the role of government in the use of resources and services;

1.4 differentiates beteen direct taxes (e.g. income tax) and indirect taxes (e.g. VAT, tax on petrol).


  • Allow discussion where necessary in order to formulate meaningful responses.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Economic and management sciences grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 05, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10974/1.1
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