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3.2 Which of them ate the same quantity of shortbread?

4. Amos looked after the vines at the end of his grandfather’s vegetable garden. When the grapes were ripe, Amos picked 15 kilograms of delicious Hanepoot grapes. His grandfather said he could put them in packets that held 1 1 2 size 12{ size 11{1 { {1} over {2} } }} {} kg of grapes each, and sell them for R6 each, or he could put the grapes in boxes which held 5 kg of grapes, and sell each box for R20. Amos wanted to make as much money as possible.

4.1 How many packets would Amos need if he chose packets?

4.2 How many boxes would he need if he chose boxes?

4.3 Would he make more money by using the packets or the boxes, and if so, how much more would he make? Explain your answer.


Learning outcomes(LOs)
LO 1
Numbers, Operations and RelationshipsThe learner will be able to recognise, describe and represent numbers and their relationships, and to count, estimate, calculate and check with competence and confidence in solving problems.
Assessment standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.1 counts forwards and backwards in a variety of intervals;
1.3 recognises and represents the following numbers in order to describe and compare them: common fractions with different denominators, common fractions in diagrammatic form, decimal fractions and multiples of single-digit numbers;
1.3.2 common fractions with different denominators, including halves, thirds, quarters, fifths, sixths, sevenths and eighths;
1.3.3 common fractions in diagrammatic form;
1.3.4 decimal fractions of the form 0,5; 1,5 and 2,5; etc., in the context of measurement;
1.3.6 multiples of single-digit numbers to at least 100;
1.5 recognises and uses equivalent forms of the numbers including common fractions and decimal fractions;
1.5.1 common fractions with denominators that are multiples of each other;
1.5.2 decimal fractions of the form 0,5; 1,5 and 2,5, etc., in the context of measurement;
1.7 solves problems that involve comparing two quantities of different kinds (rate);
1.7.1 comparing two or more quantities of the same kind (ratio);
1.8 estimates and calculates by selecting and using operations appropriate to solving problems that involve addition of common fractions, multiplication of at least whole 2-digit by 2-digit numbers, division of at least whole 3-digit by 1-digit numbers and equal sharing with remainders;
1.8.3 addition of common fractions in context;
1.8.6 equal sharing with remainders;
1.9 performs mental calculations involving:
1.9.2 multiplication of whole numbers to at least 10 x 10;
1.12 recognises, describes and uses:, and
1.12.1 the reciprocal relationship between multiplication and division (e.g. if 5 x 3 = 15 then 15 ÷ 3 = 5 and 15 ÷ 5 = 3;
1.12.2 the equivalence of division and fractions (e.g. 1 ÷ 8 = ⅛);
1.12.3 the commutative, associative and distributive properties with whole numbers.
Learning outcomes(LOs)
LO 2
Patterns, Functions and AlgebraThe learner will be able to recognise, describe and represent patterns and relationships, as well as to solve problems using algebraic language and skills.
Assessment standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
2.1 investigates and extends numeric and geometric patterns looking for a relationship or rules;
2.1.1 represented in physical or diagrammatic form;
2.1.2 not limited to sequences involving constant difference or ratio;
2.1.3 found in natural and cultural contexts;
2.1.4 of the learner’s own creation;
2.2 describes observed relationships or rules in own words;
2.3 determines output values for given input values using verbal descriptions and flow diagrams;
2.3.1 verbal descriptions;
2.3.2 flow diagrams.


ACTIVITY 1: comparing fractions

1.1<1.2<1.3 . 1.4<

2.1 five (or six, seven, eight, nine) tenths

2.2 four

2.3 seven (or six, five, four, three, two, one) tenths

  • two (or three, four, five) fifths
  • four-fifths
  • two-fifths

2.7 five-tenths

  • three (or two, one)
  • two (or three, four)
  • eighths

ACTIVITY 2: counting in fractions

1.1 Group discussion

ACTIVITY 3: equivalent fractions

1.1 shading; 2 quarters

1.2 3 sixths 1.3 four eighths 1.4 own

  • shading
  • half = two-quarters = four-eighths
  • shading
  • one-third = two-sixths = four-twelfths = eight twenty-fourths
  • two-thirds = four-sixths = eight-twelfths = sixteen twenty-fourths

4. Fifths

4.1 shading

4.2 ; ; ;

4.3 ; ; ;

4.4 ; ; ;

4.5 ; ; ;

Discuss patterns

5. Patterns

5.1 Missing parts: 2; 4; 16; 32

  • Pattern
  • Missing parts: 2; 3; 18; 4
  • Class discussion: patterns for making equivalent fractions.

ACTIVITY 4: using equivalent fractions

1. Joan; =

2. David; = , David had more carrots left over.

3.1 Len: one third; Bruce three-sixths (i.e. half); Dad: four-twelfths so Bruce ate the most.

  • Len and his father.

4.1 1 x 10 = 15; 10 packets

4.2 5 x 3 = 15; 3 boxes

4.3 10 x R6 = R60; 3 x R20 = R60He’d get the same amount of money whether he used boxes or packets.

3. 1 - = - =

4. + = + = = 1

0 1 2

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Read about ancient clocks like_ hour glass, water clock and sun dial for a quiz and hand on Activity in the class
Neha Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Mathematics grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11101/1.1
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