<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >


Learning outcome 1: listening

The learner will be able to listen for information and enjoyment, and respond appropriately and critically in a wider range of situations.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

1.1 understands stories (told or read to learners):

1.1.1 answers literal questions.

1.1.4 discusses ethical and social issues, code switching if necessary;

  • retells the story in the right sequence.

Learning outcome 2: speaking

The learner will be able to communicate effectively in spoken language in a wide range of situations.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

  • uses additional language to communicate information:

2.3.3 describes people, objects and simple processes.


Read the following passage, twice to your learners.

Explain words that they do not know and give special attention to metaphorical language e.g. “rules …set in stone” / brooding eyes/ fiery nature.

Give some background information concerning composing and publishing music, and also what it was like to be a musician in Europe at that time (most were poor, needed a patron, etc.)

Vocabulary: Use some of the words to expand their vocabulary. Explain the words and place/use them in context (in sentences).

Find some of Beethoven’s most well known music and play it in class. Encourage an interest in music other than the kind they listen to most.

Answers: 1. T; F; T; T; F; F; T; F; F; T; F; T

  1. Use your discretion to assess the learner’s ability.

Many years ago, there was a very talented young boy called Ludwig van Beethoven. He was born in the city of Bonn in Germany in 1770. His father, who was a musician, was a very violent man. He often came home drunk, and would pull Ludwig out of bed at all hours and beat music lessons into the sleepy boy’s head, or force him to play music for his drunk friends.

One would think that this would make Ludwig hate music, but it didn’t. Instead, he loved it more each day. Because he was so good at music, he studied with other teachers besides his father and he soon became quite famous. He was only nine years old when one of his first pieces was published.

It wasn’t only his wonderful talent that made people notice him; he also looked quite unusual with his wild hair and brooding eyes. In Europe, at the time, there was no better pianist. Audiences loved his brilliant performances.

Besides giving concerts in the great cities in Europe, he wrote music day and night. He made enough money to be his own boss, unlike many other musicians of his time.

However, when he was 31 years old, he was faced by what seemed to be the greatest tragedy that could happen to a musician: he realised that he was becoming deaf! For a composer and pianist as great as Beethoven, this was almost a death sentence! However, true to his fiery and determined nature, he saw it as a challenge to be overcome, and he wrote to a friend: “It will not conquer me! Oh, how beautiful it is to live!”

Beethoven wrote some of his most beautiful and famous works late in his life, when he was already quite deaf.

He changed classical music by breaking many rules, which had been set in stone for centuries. To this day, he influences composers. His music is the most powerful and important body of work put together by one compo Activity 2

Make sure that learners understand what it is. Class participation must be optimised. Suggest that they bring music or pictures or anecdotes about the songs that they hear at home from older generation. Explain the concept “down the generations”. Listen to some folk music. The history of slavery could be incorporated here, and class should listen to blues and jazz for an understanding of how it originated. Try to bring instruments to school, or pictures, e.g. didgeridoo (Australian aborigine). Link up with other Learning Areas (e.g. History and Geography).


DidgeridooBalalaikaGuitar SitarMarimbaConcertina Australia RussiaSpainNorth IndiaWest AfricaSouth Africa

Questions & Answers

what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11093/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'English first additional language grade 4' conversation and receive update notifications?