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Mathematics in the world around us

Educator section


Critical and developmental outcomes:

The learners must be able to:

1. identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking;

2. work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation and community;

3. organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively;

4. collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information;

5. communicate effectively using visual, symbolic and/or language skills in various modes;

6. use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and the health of others;

6. demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation;

7. reflect on and explore a variety of strategies to learn more effectively;

8. participate as responsible citizens in the life of local, national, and global communities;

9. be culturally and aesthetically sensitive across a range of social contexts;

10. explore education and career opportunities; and

develop entrepreneurial opportunities.

Integration of Themes:

  • Inclusively and Human rights: Everyone in a class deserves to be challenged. Special creative work should not be given to the bright learners only. Opportunities to extend, to experiment and to discover should be present to everyone in the class. This will encourage learners to try new methods, to learn from their peers and to take risks. Discuss in small groups whether we should be given work to make us think.
  • Practical experience with halves and quarters is given.
  • Number concept is extended beyond 200 and counting patterns stressed.
  • Learners are carefully guided to understand the rounding off of numbers to the nearest multiple.
  • Bonds of 17, 18 and 20 are introduced.
  • Number values and place values are taught with diagrams.
  • The multiplication tables of 10 and 5 are set out.
  • Learners can create their own patterns, and games for consolidating number facts are included.
  • Using their imagination they can create animals, using shapes.

Leaner section


ACTIVITY: All about seventeen [LO 1.8, LO 1.9, LO 1.10]

All about seventeen

  • First make a ten, then add seven, e.g.
  • Do the same with . . . .
LO 1.9
  • Complete the number sentences to discover the number facts of 17.
  • Let this box help you.
  • Write the number facts of 17 like this:
LO 1.10
  • Complete the number sentences.
  • Find the answer on the grid. Draw a circle around the answer on the grid.
  • Join the dots that have circles. Begin at 5.
  • Colour in the picture.

1. 95 - 90 = 5

2. 20 - 5 =

3. 30 - 5 =

4. 40 - 5 =

5. 50 - 5 =

6. 60 - 5 =

7. 66 - 2 =

8. 66 - 3 =

9. 64 - 2 =

10. 86 - 3 =

11. 80 + 4 =

12. 8 1 + 4 =

13. 76 + 1 0 =

14. 80 + 7 =

15. 87 + 1 =

16. 66 + 3 =

17. 66 + 2 =

18. 60 + 7 =

19. 62 + 4 =

20. 63 + 2 =

LO 1.8
  • A game to play with a friend.
  • Take turns to say the answer to a number sentence on your side.
  • Colour in the block if your answer is correct.
  • The winner is the one who has coloured in all the blocks first.
LO 1.8
LO 1.8


Learning Outcome 1: The learner will be able to recognise, describe and represent numbers and their relationships, and to count, estimate, calculate and check with competence and confidence in solving problems.

Assessment Standard 1.8: We know this when the learner can perform calculations, using appropriate symbols, to solve problems;

Assessment Standard 1.9: We know this when the learner performs mental calculations;

Assessment Standard 1.10: We know this when the learner uses the following techniques:

1.10.1 building up and breaking down numbers;

1.10.2 doubling and halving;

1.10.3 using concrete apparatus (e.g. counters);

1.10.4 number-lines.

Questions & Answers

Calculate price elasticity of demand and comment on the shape of the demand curve of a good ,when its price rises by 20 percentage, quantity demanded falls from 150 units to 120 units.
Helen Reply
5 %fall in price of good x leads to a 10 % rise in its quantity demanded. A 20 % rise in price of good y leads to do a 10 % fall in its quantity demanded. calculate price elasticity of demand of good x and good y. Out of the two goods which one is more elastic.
what is labor
Grace Reply
labor is any physical or mental effort that helps in the production of goods and services
what is profit maximizing level of out put for above hypothetical firm TC = Q3 - 21Q2 + 600 + 1800 P = 600 MC = 3Q2 - 42Q + 600
Sosna Reply
consider two goods X and Y. When the price of Y changes from 10 to 20. The quantity demanded of X changes from 40 to 35. Calculate cross elasticity of demand for X.
sorry it the mistake answer it is question
consider two goods X and Y. When the price of Y changes from 10 to 20. The quantity demanded of X changes from 40 to 35. Calculate cross elasticity of demand for X.
The formula for calculation income elasticity of demand is the percent change in quantity demanded divided by the percent change in income.
what is labor productivity
Lizzy Reply
if the demand function is q=25-4p+p² 1.find elasticity of demand at the point p=5?
Puja Reply
what are some of the difference between monopoly and perfect competition market
Obeng Reply
n a perfectly competitive market, price equals marginal cost and firms earn an economic profit of zero. In a monopoly, the price is set above marginal cost and the firm earns a positive economic profit. Perfect competition produces an equilibrium in which the price and quantity of a good is economic
what are some characteristics of monopoly market
Obeng Reply
explicit cost is seen as a total experiences in the business or the salary (wages) that a firm pay to employee.
Idagu Reply
what is price elasticity
it is the degree of responsiveness to a percentage change in the price of the commodity
economics is known to be the field
John Reply
what is monopoly
Peter Reply
what is taxation
is the compulsory transfer of wealth from the private sector to the public sector
why do monopoly make excess profit in both long run and short run
Adeola Reply
because monopoly have no competitor on the market and they are price makers,therefore,they can easily increase the princes and produce small quantity of goods but still consumers will still buy....
how to identify a perfect market graph
Adeola Reply
what is the investment
investment is a money u used to the business
investment is the purchase of good that are not consumed today but are used in the future to create wealth.
investment is the good that are not consumed
What is supply
 Supply represents how much the market can offer.
it is the quantity of commodity producers produces at the market
what is the effect of scarce resources on producers
Phindu Reply
explain how government taxes and government producer subsidies affect supply
what is economic
Charles Reply
what are the type of economic
macroeconomics,microeconomics,positive economics and negative economics
what are the factors of production
process of production
Basically factors of production are four (4) namely: 1. Entrepreneur 2. Capital 3. Labour and; 4. Land but there has been a new argument to include an addition one to the the numbers to 5 which is "Technology"
what is land as a factor of production
what is Economic
economics is how individuals bussiness and governments make the best decisions to get what they want and how these choices interact in the market
Economics as a social science, which studies human behaviour as a relationship between ends and scarce means, which have alternative uses.
Economics is a science which study human behaviour as a relationship between ends and scarce means
Economics is a social sciences which studies human behavior as a relationship between ends and scarce mean, which have alternative uses.....
types of demand elasticity
Farouq Reply
what is competitive market?
Shantal Reply
a compataive market is when there are many producers competating to provide consumers with a goods and services needed
in a compitative market no single producer or consumer can dictate the market
Researchers demonstrated that the hippocampus functions in memory processing by creating lesions in the hippocampi of rats, which resulted in ________.
Mapo Reply
The formulation of new memories is sometimes called ________, and the process of bringing up old memories is called ________.
Mapo Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Mathematics grade 2. OpenStax CNX. Oct 15, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11131/1.1
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