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5.) Give parameters that are used and explain parameters that are dependent on simulations.

6.) Run simulations by going through the matlab prompt and display results.

Cell models

Below is a quick description of the basic dynamics of neurons and how messages are relayed in neuronal networks. The mathematical model that is used in the simulations is given in detail.

The basic function of a neuron is the ability to relay information by means of an action potential. This is a quick depolarization burst which originates at the cell soma (main body) and travels down the axon reaching boutons. At a bouton the depolarization will cause neurotransmitters to be released into the synaptic cleft, a small space between the bouton and a spine of the target cell. The neurotransmitter then opens ion channels in the postsynaptic receptor area that can serve to excite or depress the post-synaptic neuron, depending on whether the sending neuron is excitatory or inhibitory. A cell achieves an action potential when it receive enough excitation from other cells. When the cell voltage reaches a certain threshold its firing mechanisms kick in and generate an action potential. The firing mechanism consists of voltage gated ion channels in the cell's soma membrane. These channels permability are dependent on voltage levels and are specialized to only allow specific ions to pass through. The standard action potential starts with stimuli which raises voltage sufficiently to open N a + channels. Then N a + floods in (due to diffusion) causing a depolarization of the cell. When the voltage reaches the near peak depolarization K + gating channels open allowing K + to rush out, lowering the potential back to rest. There are additional ions which have a role in cell dynamics. One important ion that helps regulate firing rates is C a 2 + . C a 2 + levels are important because they open C a 2 + dependent K + channels. More K + channels lead to greater repolarization, increasing refractory times between firing and leading to lower activity. We will look at two different sources of C a 2 + . One, through voltage gated channels. The second from NMDA receptor channels, which will be discussed in further detail ahead.

Cell types

There are two basic types of cells: excitatory and inhibitory. When excitatory cells fire they increase the potential in the neurons they synapse onto. Whereas, inhibitory decrease the potential. For our purposes we will use different parameters to the two cells different characteristics.

Mathematical model

The excitatory cell model used has 4 compartments per cell. The first compartment represents the soma. The other three are a chain of dendrites, which represent a collapsed dendritic tree at different distances from the soma. In the case of an inhibitory cell there will only be 2 total compartments. Cells will synapse onto compartment 4 if it is a E (excitatory) to E connection. Compartment 1 if it is an I (inhibitory) to E connection. Compartment 2 if it is an E to I connection.

Below is the main differential equation that governs the cell voltage in a compartment. The first term in the fraction represents the leak current. The second term is the summation of current that comes in from neighboring compartments. The third term represents Ion channel currents; they are only present at the cell soma. The fourth term is current entering from synaptic input.

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
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Source:  OpenStax, The art of the pfug. OpenStax CNX. Jun 05, 2013 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10523/1.34
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