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In this module we observe what the founder of Christianity, today the world's largest religion, regarded as the proper way to live in harmony.

Happy are those who know they are spiritually poor;

The Kingdom of Heaven belongs to them!

Happy are those who mourn,

God will comfort them!

Happy are those who are humble;

They will receive what God has promised!

Happy are those whose greatest desire is to do what God requires;

God will satisfy them fully!

Happy are those who are merciful to others;

God will be merciful to them!

Happy are the pure in heart;

They will see God!

Happy are those who work for peace;

God will call them his children!

Happy are those who are persecuted

because they do what God requires;

the Kingdom of heaven belongs to them!

Christian ethics are largely based on the so–called Sermon on the Mount. The above–quoted beatitudes form the introduction to the ethical teachings of Jesus and is designed to explain the distinctive lifestyle that Jesus expected of those who were following him. These followers, known as disciples, were, according to Jesus, like salt for all mankind and like light for the whole world.

In relating the Sermon on the Mount, the Gospel according to Matthew informs us that Jesus saw the crowds and went up a hill, where he sat down. His disciples gathered round him, and he began to teach them

Having grown up as a Jew, Jesus stressed the moral principles of what is known as the Old Testament, and built upon those teachings.

Negative teaching

In what can be described as the negative teachings of Jesus , he clearly condemned evil. Evil deeds and evil thoughts had to be avoided.

In quoting the well–known commandment Do not commit murder from the Ten Commandments, Jesus stressed that what were involved were not only real acts of murder or killing. He extended the commandment to include angry thoughts, slander or abusive speech and malicious acts of any kind. He thus emphasised that anything that could affect the other in a harmful way was condemned and not in accordance with the laws of the Kingdom of God.

When dealing with relations towards the opposite sex, Jesus again referred to the Ten Commandments and quoted the commandment Do not commit adultery . Going beyond the literal act of adultery and stressing respect for the opposite sex, Jesus then interpret this commandment also to include lustful thoughts and desires.

Jesus also regarded as evil those attitudes that are aimed at harmful conduct and at depriving the other person of what is rightfully his or hers. Referring to these attitudes and motives as coming from within and making a person unclean, Jesus taught

For from the inside, from a person's heart, come the evil ideas which lead him to do immoral things, to rob, kill, commit adultery, be greedy, and do all sorts of evil things; deceit, indecency, jealousy, slander, pride and folly. (Mark 7:21, 22)

Positive teaching

Summarising the Jewish law, Jesus provided also a summary of His positive ethical teaching.This is found in the command to love God and neighbour (Matthew 22:37–39) and the Golden Rule (Matthew 7:12). Jesus specifically linked together love to God and love to neighbour but taught that the latter is no substitute for love for God.

Love in the ethical teaching of Jesus is not sentimental but is something costly. The parable of the Good Samaritan (Luke 6:38) and the instructions to do good without counting the cost (Matt 5:42), show that the essence of love is the performance of of good to others.

One manifestation of love emphasised by Jesus is readiness to forgive others their trespasses (Matt 6:12, 14, 15). This attitude of forgiveness is to be viewed as the result and the assurance of having received divine forgiveness. It is to be exercised without limitation of any kind.

A forgiving spirit combines with the attitudes of humility, meekness, and service as characteristic of the true disciple of Jesus. The humble who will receive what God has promised (Matt 5:5), have a capacity to absorb evil and to overcome it with good (Matt 5:38–41).

Looking at the above, we could say that most of the instructions Jesus gave to his disciples, be grouped under two headings:

Do not press for your rights,

and

Do more than your duties.

In addition to the above instructions to his disciples, Jesus did give guidelines on specific issues, two of which we will briefly look at:

Duty to the state

When confronted with the question whether one should pay taxes to the state, (Matt 22:15–22), Jesus made it clear that his followers should settle the debts they owe to the state as well as those they owe to God. In this way, Jesus distinguished the secular and the sacred without dividing them, and explained to his disciples the two spheres they had to live in simultaneously.

Marriage and divorce

Another testing question prompted the teaching of Jesus on this subject (Matt 19:3–9). He simply took his questioners back to what God said when he instituted marriage (Genesis 2:24.) and showed that marriage is a lifelong union not to be dissolved by human authorities

Questions & Answers

What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
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Source:  OpenStax, Learning about religion. OpenStax CNX. Apr 18, 2015 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11780/1.1
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