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In this module we observe what the founder of Christianity, today the world's largest religion, regarded as the proper way to live in harmony.

Happy are those who know they are spiritually poor;

The Kingdom of Heaven belongs to them!

Happy are those who mourn,

God will comfort them!

Happy are those who are humble;

They will receive what God has promised!

Happy are those whose greatest desire is to do what God requires;

God will satisfy them fully!

Happy are those who are merciful to others;

God will be merciful to them!

Happy are the pure in heart;

They will see God!

Happy are those who work for peace;

God will call them his children!

Happy are those who are persecuted

because they do what God requires;

the Kingdom of heaven belongs to them!

Christian ethics are largely based on the so–called Sermon on the Mount. The above–quoted beatitudes form the introduction to the ethical teachings of Jesus and is designed to explain the distinctive lifestyle that Jesus expected of those who were following him. These followers, known as disciples, were, according to Jesus, like salt for all mankind and like light for the whole world.

In relating the Sermon on the Mount, the Gospel according to Matthew informs us that Jesus saw the crowds and went up a hill, where he sat down. His disciples gathered round him, and he began to teach them

Having grown up as a Jew, Jesus stressed the moral principles of what is known as the Old Testament, and built upon those teachings.

Negative teaching

In what can be described as the negative teachings of Jesus , he clearly condemned evil. Evil deeds and evil thoughts had to be avoided.

In quoting the well–known commandment Do not commit murder from the Ten Commandments, Jesus stressed that what were involved were not only real acts of murder or killing. He extended the commandment to include angry thoughts, slander or abusive speech and malicious acts of any kind. He thus emphasised that anything that could affect the other in a harmful way was condemned and not in accordance with the laws of the Kingdom of God.

When dealing with relations towards the opposite sex, Jesus again referred to the Ten Commandments and quoted the commandment Do not commit adultery . Going beyond the literal act of adultery and stressing respect for the opposite sex, Jesus then interpret this commandment also to include lustful thoughts and desires.

Jesus also regarded as evil those attitudes that are aimed at harmful conduct and at depriving the other person of what is rightfully his or hers. Referring to these attitudes and motives as coming from within and making a person unclean, Jesus taught

For from the inside, from a person's heart, come the evil ideas which lead him to do immoral things, to rob, kill, commit adultery, be greedy, and do all sorts of evil things; deceit, indecency, jealousy, slander, pride and folly. (Mark 7:21, 22)

Positive teaching

Summarising the Jewish law, Jesus provided also a summary of His positive ethical teaching.This is found in the command to love God and neighbour (Matthew 22:37–39) and the Golden Rule (Matthew 7:12). Jesus specifically linked together love to God and love to neighbour but taught that the latter is no substitute for love for God.

Love in the ethical teaching of Jesus is not sentimental but is something costly. The parable of the Good Samaritan (Luke 6:38) and the instructions to do good without counting the cost (Matt 5:42), show that the essence of love is the performance of of good to others.

One manifestation of love emphasised by Jesus is readiness to forgive others their trespasses (Matt 6:12, 14, 15). This attitude of forgiveness is to be viewed as the result and the assurance of having received divine forgiveness. It is to be exercised without limitation of any kind.

A forgiving spirit combines with the attitudes of humility, meekness, and service as characteristic of the true disciple of Jesus. The humble who will receive what God has promised (Matt 5:5), have a capacity to absorb evil and to overcome it with good (Matt 5:38–41).

Looking at the above, we could say that most of the instructions Jesus gave to his disciples, be grouped under two headings:

Do not press for your rights,


Do more than your duties.

In addition to the above instructions to his disciples, Jesus did give guidelines on specific issues, two of which we will briefly look at:

Duty to the state

When confronted with the question whether one should pay taxes to the state, (Matt 22:15–22), Jesus made it clear that his followers should settle the debts they owe to the state as well as those they owe to God. In this way, Jesus distinguished the secular and the sacred without dividing them, and explained to his disciples the two spheres they had to live in simultaneously.

Marriage and divorce

Another testing question prompted the teaching of Jesus on this subject (Matt 19:3–9). He simply took his questioners back to what God said when he instituted marriage (Genesis 2:24.) and showed that marriage is a lifelong union not to be dissolved by human authorities

Questions & Answers

are nano particles real
Missy Reply
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Learning about religion. OpenStax CNX. Apr 18, 2015 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11780/1.1
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