# 0.5 Leading an effective research team

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This module offers guidelines for leading an effective research team and is authored by Susan Margulies (University of Pennsylvania).

## Are lab directors leaders or managers?

$\text{Leader}\neq \text{Manager}$

• influences opinions and attitudes of other to accomplish a shared goal
• makes sure people and processes are in place to achieve goals. Develops plans, oversees budgets and resources, organizes, solves problems
Lab Directors must be Leaders AND Managers

If I had one piece of advice to give it’s that although you’ve been hired for your scientific skills and research potential, your eventual success will depend heavily on your ability to guide, lead, and empower others to do their best work.
--Thomas Cech, HHMI

Lab Director Role = Vision + Relationships + Tasks

## Developing a vision or mission statement

• A summary of goals and inspirations
• A clearly stated vision inspires, and sets a course for the lab
• Create a distinct future that distinguishes your lab from your competitors
• Describe the kind of research you want to do
• Atmosphere, Values: scientific excellence, teamwork?
• Historical and current challenges
• Short- and long-term goals
• Tie into departmental or institutional culture

## Directing and motivating people

1. Behavior
• tell people what to do and how to do it, when to do it, and then monitor closely
• listen, provide encouragement and assistance, facilitate their involvement in problem-solving and decision-making
• Lab Directors must provide BOTH - behavior type depends on lab member’s level of competence and commitment.
Delegate those activities that someone else could provide both direction and support
2. Communication

## Be accessible

• Daily time in the lab
• Open office door
• Weekly lab meetings (presentations, progress reports)
• Small group meetings (technical issues, alt. approaches)
• One-on-one meetings
• Journal club (teach good/bad exp design, analysis, reporting)
• Strategy sessions (new directions)
• Group lab activities in non-work setting to build team spirit
Make sure you reserve time to be alone to think, read, and write!
• Timely
• Specific
• Objective
• Reinforces expectations
• Constructive
4. Make decisions
• in isolation
• after consultation
• as a group
• allow others to make the decision (only if can you live with the outcome!)
5. Set rules of behavior for lab members
• Work hours (focus on productivity) (your hours set the pace!)
• Vacations and maternity leaves
• Authorship guidelines
• Scientific ethics
• Project ownership
• Projects leaving the lab (fund 6 mo independent research?)
They’re watching…always watching! State rules, be a role model, and be consistent and fair.
6. Motivate the lab
• Importance of vision statement
• Recognize and appreciate each person’s contributions
• Make sure lab members understand their role
• Provide training, recognize progress
7. Manage conflict
• Assess the problem, each person’s interests, acknowledge constraints, encourage parties to participate in resolution

## Managing projects

• Allocating, using and tracking resources to to achieve a goal in a desired timeframe
• publishing a paper, getting a grant, tenure
• Reduce wasted effort, track progress, respond quickly to hurdles
• Define distinct steps to goal&expected time to complete
• Who does what, when? (1-2 wk blocks) (sequential or parallel?)
• Identify constraints, necessary collaborations, supplies, equipment, resources
• Anticipate bottlenecks (pair post-doc with UG, have technician work out and revise new methods)
• Track work closely (lab meetings, use clear indicators (“blots are done”))
• Implement contingency plans
• Maintain team focus and motivation (communicate project vision)

## When do i learn to do all of that?

What relevant Lab Director skills do you have already?

• use it to analyze situations in the lab
• use it to organize your time, resources, and manage projects
• you will make mistakes
• will guide you in directing your lab

## Resources

At The Helm: A Laboratory Navigator by K. Barker

Making the Right Moves: A Practical Guide to Scientific Management for Post-docs and New Faculty by L. Bonnetta (HHMI)

what are the products of Nano chemistry?
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
what about nanotechnology for water purification
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
why?
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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