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Grade 4

The origins of the main religions of the world

Module 13

Main religions of the world

World religions with the greatest number of adherents

  • People have always had a belief in the existence of powers greater than or beyond their own understanding and insight. This led to the development of religions.
  • Religion helps to explain the mysteries of life and death. Believers may believe in a single god or in a greater number of gods or deities.

Study the tables setting out information on the religions that have the greatest number of adherents (followers).

Source 1

The Main Religions According To ContinentsFigures are given in percentages (S.A. = South America. N.A. = North America
Religion A frica A sia E urope S . A . N . A . O ceania E urasia
Christianity 17,9 15,6 22,55 23,75 13,0 1,2 6,0
Islam 28,66 65,56 1,3 0,14 0,29 0,01 4,04
Hinduism 0,2 99,37 0,1 0,1 0,17 0,059 0,001
Buddhism 0,01 99,42 0,08 0,17 0,18 0,01 0,13
Judaism 1,89 31,35 8,24 6,13 39,29 0,55 12,55

Source 2

Six Main Religions
Religion Number of Adherents
Christianity 1 833 million
Islam 971 million
Hinduism 733 million
Buddhism 315 million
Judaism 13-14,3 million

World percentages

Below the bar graph shows the distribution of the main kinds of religion by percentages. the figure for “other” includes those who do not follow any religion.

Source 3

Judaism 0,3%

Buddhism 5,7%

Hinduism 13,4%

Islam 17,7%

Other 29,6%

Christianity 33,4%

Source 4

History of Religions

Judaism Islam Hinduism Buddhism Christianity
2000 B.C. Abraham, the prophet of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, was born in Ur, the present-day Iraq. 2000 B.C. According to the Qur'an, Abraham and his son Ishmael built the Kaaba sanctuary in Mecca in present-day Saudi-Arabia. 1750 B.C. Origin of Hinduism under the influence of Aryan immigrants who worshipped many gods. 563 - 483 B.C. Siddhartha Gautama, later known as Buddha, founder of Buddhism, lived in Northeast India. 4 B.C. Jesus Christ, the saviour of the Christian religion was born in Bethlehem, in present-day Israel.
Judaism Islam Hinduism Buddhism Christianity
1200 B.C. The Hebrews settled in Canaan, which roughly corresponded to the present-day Israel. 570 - 632 A.D. Mohammed, the last and most important Islamic prophet, was born in Mecca. 1700 B.C. Hindu beliefs revealed to the holy men and orally transmitted. 100 B.C. The Tripitaka (three baskets), the holy scriptures of Theravada Buddhism, was written. 30 A.D. Jesus crucified. According to the New Testament, he was resur-rected after three days and ascended to heaven after 40 days.
931 B.C. The kingdom of the Hebrews was split into Israel and Judah. By 900 B.C. the Torah , the first five books of the Bible, had been written. 610-632 A.D. The angel Gabriel revealed the Qur’an, the Islamic holy scriptures, to Mohammed. It contains 114 chapters. 1400 B.C. The Rig-Veda, the earliest and most important book of the Vedas, which contain the Hindu precepts, was written. 20 – 200 A.D. The Sutras (a collection of sayings), the earliest holy books of Mahayana Buddhism, were written. 40-100 A.D. The New Testament of the Christian Bible as written. Christianity spread through the entire Roman Empire.
587 B.C. The Baby-lonians over-powered Jerusalem, in present-day Israel, and the Israelites were taken into exile. They started to return in varying groups after 539 B.C. 622 A.D. Mohammed went to Medina in present-day Saudi-Arabia. It was to be the introductory year of the Islamic calendar. 800 A.D. The Upanishads , the concluding books of the Vedas , were written. They established the idea of Brahman, soul of the universe. 1506 A.D. St. Peter's basilica, the largest Christian church of all times built in Rome.
70 A.D. The Romans destroyed Herod's Temple in Jerusalem. The western wall is all that remains of it now. The Jews were scattered through all the countries of the world.

Activity 1

Understanding the chronology of the origins of religions [lo 1.3]

A)develop your own, learner-friendly time line for the origins of religions.


LEARNING OUTCOME 1: HISTORICAL ENQUIRY The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate the past and present.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

1.3 communicates information from sources (reporting):

  • able to repeat stories verbally;
  • able to use a picture to tell a story.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11089/1.1
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