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Sosiale wetenskappe: geskiedenis

Graad 6

Afrika se antieke ryke dryf handel

Module 14

Die vroegste ryke in noordoos- en wes-afrika

A. NOORDOOS-AFRIKA

Aktiwiteit 1:

Om verslag te doen oor die vroeë afrika-ryke

[lu 1.3]

Ontwerp ‘n treffende toerismebrosjure waarin die historiese waarde van ‘n Ryk/plek van jou keuse verduidelik word. Toeriste moet ook aangemoedig word om die streek te besoek.

Die Egiptiese beskawing (3000 v.C. – 600 n.C.) was een van die grootste en mees bekende beskawings van sy tyd. Ons gaan eerder op kleiner, meer bekende ryke soos Nubië (of Meroë), Kush en Aksum fokus. (Raadpleeg jou kaart sodat jy weet waar elke Ryk geleë is.)

Goud, ivoor, slawe, koper, yster, juwele, speserye, velle, het handelaars in seilskepe van die Moslemwêreld, Indië en China na Oos-Afrika gebring. Die heersers van groot stede soos Mogadishu, Malindi en Kelwa het baie ryk geword deur belastings te hef as handelaars deur die stede beweeg het.

Ryk van Nubië (750 v.C.– 500 n.C.)

Die Ryk van Kush het aan die suidelike deel van die Nyl ontwikkel. Handel is gedryf met ivoor, goud, velle, volstruisvere en slawe.

Die Ryk van Nubië verder suid van Egipte, wat vandag as Soedan bekend staan, het ook ontstaan. Alhoewel die land deur woestyn omring was, was die grond langs die Nylrivier baie vrugbaar weens die jaarlikse oorstromings. Teen 600 v.C. is die hoofstad na Meroë verskuif. Florerende handel in goud, ivoor, eksotiese diere, olifanttande, hout, yster, velle en vrugte met Egipte en die Meditereense lande en Indië het plaasgevind. Die mense van Nubië se kuns, argitektuur en geloof is deur die Egiptenare beïnvloed, maar hulle het hul eie alfabet ontwikkel. Hulle het vee aangehou, katoen verbou en waterwiele (deur osse getrek) gebou om hul lande te besproei.

Hul is teen 500 n.C. deur die Ryk van Aksum oorgeneem.

Muurtekeninge in Egipte toon duidelik dat Nubiese mans en vrouens halsnoere gedra het, gemaak van diere se tande.

‘n Muurtekening van ‘n Egiptiese grafkelder wat aantoon hoe Nubiërs vir die Farao geskenke van vrugte, juwele, klere en ape bring.

Ryk van Aksum (500 v.C. – 600 n.C.)

Die Ryk het naby die suidelike punt van die Rooisee, in die berge van die huidige Ethiopië net suidoos van Kush ontstaan. Dié goeie ligging het handel in ivoor, speserye, eksotiese diere, goud, kosbare stene, wyn en slawe bevoordeel en hul het al hoe ryker geword. Die meeste inwoners was boere, bouers en houtsneewerkers. Aksum was een van die eerste Afrika-ryke wat die Christendom aangeneem het. ‘n Nuwe styl van regering het gevolg. Sterk heersers en konings het oor spesifieke areas regeer. Laasgenoemde moes belasting invorder van inwoners tot voordeel van die groot ryk. Namate die seeliede beter sisteme ontwikkel het om die wind te verstaan, het handel met die Meditereense lande na die Rooisee, Arabië, lande van die Persiese Golf en Indiese Oseaan aansienlik uitgebrei. Hulle het ook met die Grieke en Romeine handel gedryf.

Daar is met ‘n verskeidenheid goedere handel gedryf

Tipiese paleis van ‘n heerser

Questions & Answers

What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
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Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
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Damian Reply
absolutely yes
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Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
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Damian Reply
China
Cied
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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Source:  OpenStax, Geskiedenis graad 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11008/1.1
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