<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Sosiale wetenskappe: geskiedenis

Graad 6

Afrika se antieke ryke dryf handel

Module 14

Die vroegste ryke in noordoos- en wes-afrika

A. NOORDOOS-AFRIKA

Aktiwiteit 1:

Om verslag te doen oor die vroeë afrika-ryke

[lu 1.3]

Ontwerp ‘n treffende toerismebrosjure waarin die historiese waarde van ‘n Ryk/plek van jou keuse verduidelik word. Toeriste moet ook aangemoedig word om die streek te besoek.

Die Egiptiese beskawing (3000 v.C. – 600 n.C.) was een van die grootste en mees bekende beskawings van sy tyd. Ons gaan eerder op kleiner, meer bekende ryke soos Nubië (of Meroë), Kush en Aksum fokus. (Raadpleeg jou kaart sodat jy weet waar elke Ryk geleë is.)

Goud, ivoor, slawe, koper, yster, juwele, speserye, velle, het handelaars in seilskepe van die Moslemwêreld, Indië en China na Oos-Afrika gebring. Die heersers van groot stede soos Mogadishu, Malindi en Kelwa het baie ryk geword deur belastings te hef as handelaars deur die stede beweeg het.

Ryk van Nubië (750 v.C.– 500 n.C.)

Die Ryk van Kush het aan die suidelike deel van die Nyl ontwikkel. Handel is gedryf met ivoor, goud, velle, volstruisvere en slawe.

Die Ryk van Nubië verder suid van Egipte, wat vandag as Soedan bekend staan, het ook ontstaan. Alhoewel die land deur woestyn omring was, was die grond langs die Nylrivier baie vrugbaar weens die jaarlikse oorstromings. Teen 600 v.C. is die hoofstad na Meroë verskuif. Florerende handel in goud, ivoor, eksotiese diere, olifanttande, hout, yster, velle en vrugte met Egipte en die Meditereense lande en Indië het plaasgevind. Die mense van Nubië se kuns, argitektuur en geloof is deur die Egiptenare beïnvloed, maar hulle het hul eie alfabet ontwikkel. Hulle het vee aangehou, katoen verbou en waterwiele (deur osse getrek) gebou om hul lande te besproei.

Hul is teen 500 n.C. deur die Ryk van Aksum oorgeneem.

Muurtekeninge in Egipte toon duidelik dat Nubiese mans en vrouens halsnoere gedra het, gemaak van diere se tande.

‘n Muurtekening van ‘n Egiptiese grafkelder wat aantoon hoe Nubiërs vir die Farao geskenke van vrugte, juwele, klere en ape bring.

Ryk van Aksum (500 v.C. – 600 n.C.)

Die Ryk het naby die suidelike punt van die Rooisee, in die berge van die huidige Ethiopië net suidoos van Kush ontstaan. Dié goeie ligging het handel in ivoor, speserye, eksotiese diere, goud, kosbare stene, wyn en slawe bevoordeel en hul het al hoe ryker geword. Die meeste inwoners was boere, bouers en houtsneewerkers. Aksum was een van die eerste Afrika-ryke wat die Christendom aangeneem het. ‘n Nuwe styl van regering het gevolg. Sterk heersers en konings het oor spesifieke areas regeer. Laasgenoemde moes belasting invorder van inwoners tot voordeel van die groot ryk. Namate die seeliede beter sisteme ontwikkel het om die wind te verstaan, het handel met die Meditereense lande na die Rooisee, Arabië, lande van die Persiese Golf en Indiese Oseaan aansienlik uitgebrei. Hulle het ook met die Grieke en Romeine handel gedryf.

Daar is met ‘n verskeidenheid goedere handel gedryf

Tipiese paleis van ‘n heerser

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Geskiedenis graad 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11008/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Geskiedenis graad 6' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask