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Natuurwetenskappe

Graad 5

Materiaal

Module 29

Eienskappe van materiale

Aktiwiteit:

Om die eienskappe van sekere materiale te ondersoek

[lu 1.1.3; 1.2; 1.3]

1. Polimere

‘n Mens kry natuurlike en mensgemaakte polimere. Proteïne, wat ‘n belangrike boustof in lewende organismes is, is ‘n voorbeeld van ‘n natuurlike polimeer. Sintetiese polimere is eers omtrent ‘n 100 jaar gelede ontdek. Toe was dit baie skaars en duur. Sintetiese polimere kan in twee groepe verdeel word, naamlik vesels en plastiek. Ons gaan hoofsaaklik kyk na plastiek.

Sintetiese Polimere: Plastiek

Plastiek kan helder of kleurvol wees en kan in enige fatsoen gevorm word.

Hoe word plastiek gemaak?

Olie kom diep onder die grond in sekere areas voor. Daar word diep in die grond af geboor om die olie na die oppervlak te bring. Hierdie olie is dik en swart en word ru-olie genoem.

Kyk na die onderstaande kaart en identifiseer die lande waar olie gevind word. Jy mag in ‘n groep werk.

Eksperiment:

Van olie tot plastiek

Kom ons doen ‘n eenvoudige eksperiment om te kyk deur watter proses ru-olie min of meer gaan in die vervaardiging van plastiek:

  • Verhit botter
  • Botter smelt
  • Botter verdeel in twee dele: een deel lig en wit, die ander deel swaar en geel

Wanneer ru-olie verhit word, gebeur min of meer dieselfde. Die ru-olie word na ‘n raffinadery geneem waar dit teen ‘n baie hoë temperatuur verhit word. Die olie verdeel in ligter en donkerder olie. Die ligte olie word gebruik om onder andere plastiek van te maak.

Gebruik van plastiek

Sekere plastiek is hard en word gebruik om tafels en stoele van te maak. Dit word ook toenemend gebruik om motoronderdele te vervaardig wat vroeër van staal gemaak is. Plastiek kan heelwat harder as staal wees.

Ander plastiek is sag en buigbaar. Hierdie plastiek word gebruik om goed soos inkopiesakkies, stortgordyne en reënjasse van te maak.

Plastiek word gebruik om houers vir die stoor van voedsel te maak. Baie produkte op die rakke in supermarkte word in plastiekhouers verpak.

Noem ‘n paar sulke produkte:

Watter rol speel plastiek in behuising?

In informele nedersettings vorm plastiek ook ‘n noodsaaklike deel in die oprigting van ‘n plakkershut. Het jy al waargeneem hoe plastiek benut word en waarom plastiek so ‘n belangrike rol speel? Sê hoe plastiek so ‘n huis teen die wisselende weersomstandighede kan beskerm.

Hoe word plastiek herwin en hoe word die plastiek weer in gebruik geneem? Soek inligting en gee skriftelike terugvoering:

Onthou: Plastiek kan en behoort herwin te word!

I nteressante feite:

Plastiek kan tien keer harder as staal wees en kan hoë temperature weerstaan.

Kredietkaarte word van plastiek gemaak; dit word in die plek van kontantgeld gebruik.

Chirurge gebruik plastiek om allerhande liggaamsdele te vervang, bv. hartkleppe, are, ens.

V oordele van plastiek:

Die gebruike van plastiek het baie werkgeleenthede vir mense in ons land geskep.

Die natuur kan nie genoeg katoen, wol, hout, ens. aan die mense verskaf nie. Dus moet ons van ander materiale soos plastiek gebruik maak.

N adele van plastiek:

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
Lily
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
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Source:  OpenStax, Natuurwetenskappe graad 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10980/1.2
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