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Looking forward

In a series of articles that focused upon the relationship between superintendent and school board leadership and school improvement Glass (2001) stated, “After years of highly publicized reform efforts, school reformers are beginning to take notice that superintendents and school boards are important participants in improving school performance” (p. 1). In support of this position, Fusarelli and Petersen (2002) wrote, “Research literature focused on district leadership indicates that the relationship between the superintendent and board of education has a significant impact on the quality of a district’s educational program” (p. 282). Additionally, according to Petersen and Short (2002), “Research has indicated that the association of the district superintendent and board of education has far-reaching leadership and policy implications that greatly affect the quality of a district’s educational program” (p. 412).

While it is not realistic to believe that a simplistic solution exists to effectively address the complex role ambiguities and conflicts that permeate superintendent–board relations, an historical examination, like that proffered above, should serve to expand the current knowledge base of superintendent and school board relations, and also should serve to expand insights into the complex as well as delicate nature of the relationship. Fullan (2003), stated “change the context, and you change behavior” (p. 1). Obviously, however, the historical context cannot be changed—it is what it is. School boards were created and ultimately evolved out of a social need, and boards of education, in due course, created the position of superintendent of schools—not simply to enhance the educational process, but also to serve the needs of the board itself. Given that changing the historical context is not an option, an increased awareness and understanding of the divergent (and often contentious) origins of educational governance could well advance professional dialog and discourse between boards of education and their school superintendent. For example, given the inherently bellicose nature of the board-superintendent relationship it would seem that “[t]he first order of business for a school board and its superintendent is to build a relationship of trust” (Carter&Cunningham, 1997, p. 93).

A critical “first step” in the development of a trustful and trusting relationship is open and honest communication (Tschannen-Moran, 2004). Within this “new context,” it is vital that boards and superintendents not see themselves as separate entities, but rather to view themselves as a team. In the initial stages of team development (and at the very least with each change in board membership), boards and superintendents need to talk about (and clarify) the roles, responsibilities, and expectations (operational procedures) of their respective positions. Collaborative development of a set of specific operational procedures, also known as “protocols,” will serve to lessen ambiguity and enhance communications. According to Townsend et al. (2007)

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Educational leadership and administration: teaching and program development, volume 23, 2011. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11358/1.4
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