<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Looking forward

In a series of articles that focused upon the relationship between superintendent and school board leadership and school improvement Glass (2001) stated, “After years of highly publicized reform efforts, school reformers are beginning to take notice that superintendents and school boards are important participants in improving school performance” (p. 1). In support of this position, Fusarelli and Petersen (2002) wrote, “Research literature focused on district leadership indicates that the relationship between the superintendent and board of education has a significant impact on the quality of a district’s educational program” (p. 282). Additionally, according to Petersen and Short (2002), “Research has indicated that the association of the district superintendent and board of education has far-reaching leadership and policy implications that greatly affect the quality of a district’s educational program” (p. 412).

While it is not realistic to believe that a simplistic solution exists to effectively address the complex role ambiguities and conflicts that permeate superintendent–board relations, an historical examination, like that proffered above, should serve to expand the current knowledge base of superintendent and school board relations, and also should serve to expand insights into the complex as well as delicate nature of the relationship. Fullan (2003), stated “change the context, and you change behavior” (p. 1). Obviously, however, the historical context cannot be changed—it is what it is. School boards were created and ultimately evolved out of a social need, and boards of education, in due course, created the position of superintendent of schools—not simply to enhance the educational process, but also to serve the needs of the board itself. Given that changing the historical context is not an option, an increased awareness and understanding of the divergent (and often contentious) origins of educational governance could well advance professional dialog and discourse between boards of education and their school superintendent. For example, given the inherently bellicose nature of the board-superintendent relationship it would seem that “[t]he first order of business for a school board and its superintendent is to build a relationship of trust” (Carter&Cunningham, 1997, p. 93).

A critical “first step” in the development of a trustful and trusting relationship is open and honest communication (Tschannen-Moran, 2004). Within this “new context,” it is vital that boards and superintendents not see themselves as separate entities, but rather to view themselves as a team. In the initial stages of team development (and at the very least with each change in board membership), boards and superintendents need to talk about (and clarify) the roles, responsibilities, and expectations (operational procedures) of their respective positions. Collaborative development of a set of specific operational procedures, also known as “protocols,” will serve to lessen ambiguity and enhance communications. According to Townsend et al. (2007)

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Educational leadership and administration: teaching and program development, volume 23, 2011. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11358/1.4
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Educational leadership and administration: teaching and program development, volume 23, 2011' conversation and receive update notifications?