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I am also grateful for the permission to attend this master course given by the leaders of Tay Nguyen University, and especially to the staff members of the English Section for their assistance and participation in the research project.


This glossary is intended to give working definitions of terms used frequently in this thesis in order to help readers understand the author’s intended meaning.

Communicative stress this term means the difficulty degree of a task that a speaker has to carry out. this difficulty refers to all the conditions under which the speaker is put to perform the task.

Elicitation technique An elicitation technique involves the procedure of performing a task that inferences of a speaker’s language ability are based on.

Interactional function This term refers to one of the two functions of spoken language. A speaker producing an interactional instance of spoken language wants to make the interaction atmosphere pleasant.

Level scale or rating scaleA level or rating scale used in this thesis is a document displaying classified levels of learners’ language knowledge and what learners can do at each level.

Long turna long turn is a string of utterances that a speaker produces

Oral test type A type of oral test refers to the way a test task requires test takers to do.

Short turnA short turn is speech of one or two utterances that a speaker produces.

Test administration Test administration involves the delivery of a set of test tasks to a group of test takers under specified conditions.

Test designTest design in this thesis refers to the production of a principled statement as a basis for writing actual tests and administering them.

Test developmentTest development is the entire process of creating and using a test. It involves test design, test operationalization and test administration.

Test operationalizationTest operationalization is the production process of actual tests. It involves developing test task specifications and test structure.

Test structure Test structure refers to the number of test tasks included in a test

Test task specificationsTest task specifications tell in detail what a test is designed to measure and how it will be tested

Transactional functionThis term refers to one of the two functions of spoken language. A speaker producing a transactional instance of spoken language means to convey his intentions and messages.


Assessment of oral language proficiency at Tay Nguyen University (TNU), where the author of this thesis works, has been claimed to be extremely problematic. This thesis takes a critical look at the reality of oral English language testing at this institution to point out its strengths and weaknesses and the cause(s) of the existing drawbacks or problems.

In order to achieve this, a study was carried out to evaluate TNU current practices and TNU staff’s perceptions of oral language testing. The methods employed in the study include: (1) an detailed analysis of the current oral test development process based on Bachman&Palmer’s theoretical framework for test development, and (2) a survey on how well the staff know about oral skill assessment.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Collection. OpenStax CNX. Dec 22, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11259/1.7
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