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Arts and culture

Grade 6

Expression and communication

Module 5

Music: to identify rituals

Activity 1:

To identify rituals

[lo 4.4]

All cultures in the world practise some or other form of religion through religious ceremonies.

Choose a ritual that plays an important role in your religion. Then complete the questionnaire below. Thereafter it will be possible to determine which elements are usually present in religious rituals.

RITUAL: YES NO Majority of classYes/No
Is music involved?
Is movement involved?
Is dancing involved?
Is singing involved?
Are the words of the song important?
Is the singing mainly solo?
Is it mainly community singing?
Are there any elements that contribute to the atmosphere? (candles)
Does sharing play a role? (e.g. wine, bread)
Are symbols involved? (e.g. water)
Do you think an individual can perform a ritual?

Activity 2:

To identify symbolism in rituals

[lo 4.4]

What is symbolism?

Symbolism plays a major role in rituals.

Think of the ritual of greeting

  • The shaking of hands is only a symbol . It creates a bond between the two persons and symbolises (indicates, means) friendship.
  • Another example where water is used as symbol: The Hatsiatsia (Pronounced: Hat-cha-cha)

The Hatsiatsia, a ritual (ceremony) from Ghana, is performed on the first Sunday of each month. The people form a large circle with a bucket of holy water in the centre of the circle. While dancing slowly around the bucket, they all get a chance to dip their hands into the bucket to wipe their faces with the water. The water is used as a symbol of forgiving and forgetting (washing away) and discord between friends and family during the past month. The music is played on metal gongs.

  1. What is the symbolism of water in your religion?
  2. Why do you think the words in the singing are important in a ritual?
  3. What do think is the symbolism of communal singing in a ritual?

Activity 3:

To investigate the role of music in rituals

[lo 4.4]


Music plays an important role in rituals. Certain kinds of music is associated with certain rituals.

  • Listen to the music examples.
  • Indicate which of the rituals listed below can be linked to the music.
  • Draw any symbol that you would associate with these rituals.
School meeting Wedding National holiday Sporting event

The role of music in rituals

Investigate the music

  • A Sporting ritual

Complete the following with regard to the music in a sporting ritual, e.g. in a rugby or soccer match between South Africa and England:

Which bond is formed?

What message is conveyed?

Describe the emotions experienced?

Describe the atmosphere that is created:

A School ritual

Complete the following with regard to the music in a school ritual:

Which bond is formed?

What message is conveyed?

Describe the emotions experienced:

Describe the atmosphere that is created:

  • A religious ritual

S tep 1

Read the following, first in English and then in Xhosa:

S tep 2

The class divides into groups and each group does what the teacher asks them to do.

Choose the correct term and mark your choice clearly:

  • Repetition / imitation / call and response means the same pattern is repeated by the same voice.
  • Repetition / imitation / call and response means the same pattern is repeated by another voice.
  • Repetition / imitation / call and response means two different voices follow one another with different patterns.

S tep 3

MASITHI is also known as “The Great Amen”.

Stephen Molefe (a teacher) composed this Xhosa song.

In many religions there is usually a prayer of thanksgiving at the end of the public worshipping. The whole congregation joins the minister at the end of the prayer of thanksgiving with this hymn. The words are : Let us say: Amen, We praise Thee

S tep 4

Sing the song.

S tep 5

Complete the following by choosing the right word.

atmosphere call and answer message bond repetition thankfulness
  1. The congregation joins the minister in the final hymn. There is therefore a

_________________________between the congregation and the minister.

  1. The words convey a_________________, which is “We praise Thee” (belief).
  2. A sacred _________________ is created.
  3. The emotion experienced is that of ____________________________________
  4. Features of this song: ____________and_______________________________


Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 4
EXPRESSION AND COMMUNICATION The learner is able to analyse and use multiple forms of communication and expression in Arts and Culture.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
MUSIC (4.4)
  • researches, creates and presents music that conveys and suggests the symbolism of ritual.
DRAMA (4.2, 4.3)
  • dramatises a cultural ritual (religious ceremony or social celebration) showing the use of the elements of drama (e.g. patterns, repetition, sequence); and
  • explains the importance of this ritual for the people who participate in it.
DANCE (4.1)
  • finds out, tries out and explains a song-dance ritual (e.g. snake dance, reed dance, stick dance), referring to its purpose and structure patterns, repetition and sequence.
VISUAL ARTS (4.5, 4.6)
  • demonstrates and describes the use of various artefacts in cultural rituals; and
  • researches murals in the community as a form of visual communication in relation to:
  • the intended message;
  • target group;
  • techniques;
  • appropriate materials; and
  • symbols and signs.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11007/1.1
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